official_name = Khansar
pushpin_mapsize = 300
pushpin_map_caption =Location in Iran
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = Province
Khansar (Persian: خوانسار; also transliterated as "Khunsar" or "Khvansar") is one of the
countiesof Esfahān Provincein Iran. The name khansar comes from the Avestan language. "Khun" means spring and "sar" means place, so "khansar" means place of the spring.
Khansar is a mountainous county about 2300 meters above sea level. It's area is 900
km², and it includes 18 towns, 3 villages and one central city. This city is located to the northwest of Esfahan, to the east is Golpayegan, and to the southwest it is within the limits of Faridan. It is situated on both sides of a narrow valley through which the Khunsar River, some 4 metres wide at this point, flows in a north-easterly direction to Qum. The town and its gardens and orchards straggle some 10 km along the valley which has a mean breadth of scarcely 1 kilometre. Khansar is a small county with a population of about 40,000. It is situated in a green valley. Being snowy in winter and mild in summer, it enjoys many natural sights. It is a religious city and has good weather.
year population type source 1986 18 573 census secondary 1991 23 900 census secondary 1996 21 966 census secondary 2007 21 386 calculation
According to existing historical evidence, the city is over 2000 years old, it has been in existence since the
Sassanid Empire(226 - 651). Khansar has been a scientific and educational center since the time of the Safavid dynasty and many great Shi’ite scholars were educated there. Khansar has been a centre for training thinkers, poets, and especially theologians, for centuries.
Khansar is famous for its honey and flower-filled gardens. There is a great profusion of fruit, the apples yielding a kind of
ciderwhich, however, does not keep longer than a month. Khansar has famous hand-woven rugs called Weis in polygonal shapes. The most important places worth seeing in the this city are: Hot springs and Mineral watersin Golestan Kooh, Sar Cheshmeh park, Cheshmeh (Spring) Omid, east of Khansar, The Zoroastriantemple in Tir Kooh, Baba Pir, Baba Mohamed Castle, Shahzadeh Ahmad, Jame mosque, House of Abharis and Mariam Beygom school in Khansar city. Golestan kooh is a beautiful place to see in spring time, with a profusion of Fritillaria imperialisflowers. Hiking and skiing ih the nearby mountains is very popular.
Towns and Villages
*Ghaleh Baba Mohammed
Khansar River comes from the mountains of Khansar and after entering
Golpayeganfield connects to Ghamrood, and becomes known as “Kharghab”. This river is 23 kmof Khomeineast, near “Golha Gard” will reach to the Khomein River.
Khunsari (Khwanshari): a northwestern Iranian language.
Judæo-Persian languagespoken in Khansar and elsewhere in the far-western Isfahan Province, of western Iran.
People of Khansar
Famous people from Khansar
Hacham Uriel Davidi(1922- 2006 ):Famous Jewish Hacham
Adib Khansari(1901-1982): classical Iranian Music
Mahmoud Mahmoudi Khansari(1934-1987): classical Singer
Yadollah Kaboli Khansari(1949-): Calligrapher
Navid Khonsari:Actor, Writer, Director
Agha Hussein Khansari: a Shi'atheologian
Agha Jamal-e-Khansari: a Shi'atheologian
Seyyed Mohammad Tagi Khansari: a Shi'atheologian
Seyyed Ahmad Khansari: a theologian Shi'a
Mohammad Javad ZARIF-Khonsari: Permanent Iranian Representative to the United Nations, New York
Mirza Ahmad Mojtahed-e Khonsari
Colleges and universities
* Khansar University of Mathematics & Computer Science
* Payamnoor University of Khansartechnical university (for dothers)-amozeshkade dokhtarane
technical university (for sons)-amozeshkade pesaraneh
One of the main ingredients of Gazz (
Nougat) is Gazz Angebin from which the name Gazz is derived. Gazz Angebin is indirectly extracted by an insect from a plant. The plants' scientific name is Astragalusadscendens, a descendant of the phylum Papilianaceae. This thorny plant grows naturally in mountainous areas. The insect, (Cyamophila Dicora), from the phylum Psyllidae, sucks on the juice of the plant. The life-cycle of this insect lasts one year and consists of 4 parts, the last of which commences around mid-September and ends in mid-October. The mature insect is 2.5 mm long and 0.9 mm wide. The Gazz Angebin particles, when coming out of the body of the insect are in a thick liquid sticky form, gradually drying when exposed to the air and transforming into small, solid, sticky particles, remaining on top of the tree branches.
Gazz Angebin harvesting and collection is done using traditional devices such as the "Dawal", "Chutin" and selectors, usually made of wood and skin. The dry Gazz Angebin is a solid matter, fragile whitish-yellow and sometimes grey which becomes soft and sticky as a result of heat and moisture. Various pharmaceutical characteristics like coolness, laxation inducing, respiratory system inflammation and relaxation have been attributed to Gazz Angebin.
The principal centres of Gazz Angebin production in Iran is the mountainous pasture-lands of Khansar in Esfahan Province.
* [http://www.omniglot.com/writing/languages.htm Omniglot.com]
* [http://www.mazdapub.com/Comprehensive-History-Jews.htm Comprehensive History of the Jews of Iran]
* [http://www.iranjewish.com/News_F/news_28_02_uriel.htm] .Retrieved July 06, 2006
* [http://encyclopedia.jrank.org/KHA_KRI/KHUNSAR.html] .Retrieved July 06, 2006
* [http://www.iranparadise.com/Isfahan/khansar-isfahan.htm Khansar, Isfahan] at [http://www.iranparadise.com/ iranparadise.com] . Retrieved February 23, 2006.
*"Khunsar". 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica.
* [http://www.irantravel.biz/persia/historyofiran/ Travel to Iran]
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