Vincenzo Bellini

Vincenzo Bellini

Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini (November 3, 1801 – September 23, 1835) was a Sicilian opera composer. Known for his flowing melodic lines, Bellini was the quintessential composer of Bel canto opera.


Born in Catania, Sicily, Bellini was a child prodigy from a highly musical family and legend has it he could sing an aria of Valentino Fioravanti at eighteen months, began studying music theory at two, the piano at three, and by the age of five could, apparently, play well. His first composition is said to have dated from his sixth year. Regardless of the veracity of these claims, it is certain that Bellini grew up in a musical household and that a career as a musician was never in doubt.

Having learned from his grandfather, Bellini left provincial Catania in June 1819 to study at the conservatory in Naples, with a stipend from the municipal government of Catania. By 1822 he was in the class of the director Nicolò Zingarelli, studying the masters of the Neapolitan school and the orchestral works of Haydn and Mozart. It was the custom at the Conservatory to introduce a promising student to the public with a dramatic work: the result was Bellini's first opera "Adelson e Salvini" an "opera semiseria" that was presented at the Conservatory's theater. Bellini's next opera, "Bianca e Gernando", met with some success at the Teatro San Carlo, leading to an offer from the impresario Barbaia for an opera at La Scala. "Il pirata" was a resounding immediate success and began Bellini's faithful and fruitful collaboration with the librettist and poet Felice Romani, and cemented his friendship with his favored tenor Giovanni Battista Rubini, who had sung in "Bianca e Gernando".

Bellini spent the next years, 1827–33 in Milan, where all doors were open to him. Sparking controversy in the press for its new style and its restless harmonic shifts into remote keys, "La straniera" (1828) was even more successful than "Il pirata", and allowed Bellini to support himself solely by his opera commissions. The composer showed the taste for social life and the dandyism that Heinrich Heine emphasized in his literary portrait of Bellini ("Florentinische Nächte", 1837). Opening a new theater in Parma, his "Zaira" (1829) was a failure at the Teatro Ducale, but Venice welcomed "I Capuleti e i Montecchi", which was based on the same Italian sources as Shakespeare's "Romeo and Juliet".

The next five years were triumphant, with major successes with his greatest works, "La sonnambula", "Norma" and "I puritani", cut short by Bellini's premature death.

Bellini died in Puteaux, near Paris of acute inflammation of the intestine, and was buried in the cemetery of Père Lachaise, Paris; his remains were removed to the cathedral of Catania in 1876. The Museo Belliniano housed in the Gravina Cruyllas Palace, in Catania, preserves memorabilia and scores.


Bellini's complete works are to be published in "Edizione critica delle opere di Vincenzo Bellini", Milan: Ricordi 2003-


* "Adelson e Salvini" (12? February 1825 Teatro del Conservatorio di San Sebastiano, Naples)
* "Bianca e Gernando" (30 May 1826, Teatro San Carlo, Naples)
* "Il pirata" (27 October 1827, Teatro alla Scala, Milan)
* "Bianca e Fernando" (7 April 1828, Teatro Carlo Felice, Genoa) [rev of Bianca e Gernando]
* "La straniera" (14 February 1829, Teatro alla Scala, Milan)
* "Zaira" (16 May 1829, Teatro Ducale, Parma)
* "I Capuleti e i Montecchi" (11 March 1830, Teatro La Fenice, Venice)
* "La sonnambula" (6 March 1831, Teatro Carcano, Milan)
* "Norma" (26 December 1831, Teatro alla Scala, Milan)
* "Beatrice di Tenda" (16 March 1833, Teatro La Fenice, Venice)
* "I puritani" (24 January 1835, Théâtre Italien, Paris)

Other important Bel Canto opera composers

*Gioacchino Rossini
*Gaetano Donizetti
*Saverio Mercadante

External links

* [ Bellini cylinder recordings] , from the Cylinder Preservation and Digitization Project at the University of California, Santa Barbara Library.
*IckingArchive|idx=Bellini|name=Vincenzo Bellini
* [ Teatro Massimo Bellini, Catania]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Vincenzo Bellini — Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Vincenzo Bellini — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bellini (homonymie). Vincenzo Bellini Naissance 3 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vincenzo Bellini — Portrait Bellinis …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Vincenzo Bellini — Vincenzo Salvatore Carmelo Francesco Bellini (n. Catania, Italia, 3 de noviembre de 1801 † Puteaux, Francia, 23 de septiembre de 1835). Compositor italiano …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Vincenzo Bellini — noun Italian composer of operas (1801 1835) • Syn: ↑Bellini • Instance Hypernyms: ↑composer …   Useful english dictionary

  • Vincenzo Bellini — n. (1801 1835) Italian opera composer …   English contemporary dictionary

  • Teatro Massimo Vincenzo Bellini — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Teatro Massimo. Teatro Massimo Vincenzo Bellini …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Bellini (homonymie) — Bellini Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Bellini est un patronyme italien, porté par les personnes suivantes, de nationalité italienne ou d origine italienne : Arts Les Bellini, une… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • BELLINI (V.) — BELLINI VINCENZO (1801 1835) Compositeur d’opéras italien ayant une préférence marquée pour les sujets tragiques. Vincenzo Bellini naît à Catane; il entre, grâce à un riche seigneur, au Conservatoire de Naples dirigé par Zingarelli, et il a la… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Bellini — ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Davide Bellini (* 1969), italienischer Volleyballspieler Delfo Bellini (1900–1953), italienischer Fußballspieler Filippo Bellini (um 1550–1604), italienischer Maler Francesco Bellini (* 1978),… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”