Cambyses (disambiguation)

Cambyses (disambiguation)

Cambyses or Cambese (Greek: polytonic|Καμβύσης; Old Persian "Kambujiya") is the name of three members of the Achaemenid line of ancient Persia:

*Cambyses, son of Teispes of Anshan, father of Cyrus I, ["Herod., VII.II."] didn't rule.
*Cambyses I of Anshan was a son of Cyrus I, and ruled Anshan from 600 to 559 BCE. He was a Persian king of good family, to whom king Astyages of Media, had married his daughter Mandane. The issue of this union was Cyrus II ["Herod., I, 46, 107".] .
*Cambyses II of Persia was son and successor of Cyrus II (or Cyrus the Great) and ruled Persia from 530 to 522 BCE. He conquered Egypt. [See for details: Family of Achaemenids, The History of Herodotus: A New English Version, pp 252-53, Herodotus [] ; Classical Literature of Antiquities, 1963, p 201, Editor Harry Thurston Peck.] .

The same name appears as "Kambujiya" (or perhaps "Kambaujiya" or "Kamboujiya") in Old Persian, as Kamboja in the Indian epic Mahabharata, as "C-n-b-n-z-y" in Aramaic, "Kambuzia" in Assyrian, "Kambythet" in Egyptian, "Kam-bu-zi-ia" in Akkadian, "Kan-bu-zi-ia" in Elamite, and "Kanpuziya" in Susian language. It appears to have been a very popular name among ancient Iranians. The royal Old Persian name "Kambujiya" or "Kambaujiya" of the Achaemenid line has been linked by numerous scholars with the Sanskrit/Pāli ethnonym Kamboja [See: Ramayana of Valmiki, Canto No VI, The King, p 14, fn 13:6, Ralph T. H. Griffth: i.e "Name Kamboja is etymologically connected with Cambyses which in the cuneiform inscription of Behistun is written Ka(m)bujia"; "Der Name Kambyses (Kanbuji­ya)", ZII 2, 1923, pp. 140-52, J. Charpentier; "L'Inde aux temps des Maurya, p. 15 and 40". La Valle Poussin; "Early Zoroastrian, 2005, p 45", James Hope Moulton, Kessinger Publishing; "Ancient Kamboja, Iran and Islam, 1971, p 68-71", H. W. Bailey; "Kyros, Beitrage zur Namen-forschung, II (1964), p 210," Dr. W. Eiler; "Aryan and Non-Aryan Names in Vedic India, Data for Linguistic situation, C 1900-500 BC, footnote 24", Michael Witzel; "The Home of the Aryan, p 6, footnote 11", Michael Witzel, Harvard University. Other prominent scholars include C. Lassen, A. A. Macdonell, A. B. Keith, G. Kuhn, A. Hoffman, G. K. Nariman, S. Levi, H. W. Bellew, Dr Markwart, S. Sen, D. R. Bhandarkar, V. S. Aggarwala, Musa Khan Jalzai etc.] [ .] .


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