Anglo-German relations

Anglo-German relations

Anglo-German relations are the bilateral relations between the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the Federal Republic of Germany.

While economic and formal political contacts between the two European countries are co-operative and friendly, a distrust and dislike of Germany often exists in both the British media's reporting and in society more generally, the two countries having fought against each other in World War I and World War II. A distrust of what Germans regard as the "Inselmentalität" (island mentality) and British intentions vis-a-vis Europe and European integration often exists on the part of the German media.

In 2002 the then German ambassador to Britain, Thomas Matussek, attributed the atmosphere to history teaching in British schools and "cultural ignorance" among young Britons. [http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/education/2559011.stm] . One leading British tabloid responded: 'we must never forget the abominations of history'. [ [http://www.mailonsunday.co.uk/debate/columnists/article-348099/Sorry-NEVER-forget-war.html Sorry, but we must NEVER forget the war] , "Mail on Sunday" (10 May 2005).]

Despite the weight of recent negative history, Britain shares a long history with Germany and a rich political and cultural exchange. Both nations have been at times close, not least due to the British Royal Family's partly German ancestry.

History

*Anglo-Saxons

Royal family & Hanover

In 1714, George I, a German-speaking Hanoverian prince of mixed British and German descent, ascended to the British throne, founding the House of Hanover. For over a century, Britain's monarchs were also rulers of Hanover (first as an Electorate of the Holy Roman Empire, then as a separate Kingdom). This was a personal union rather than a political one, with the two countries remaining quite separate. Hanover was occupied during the Napoleonic wars, but some Hanoverian troops fled to the United Kingdom to form the King's German Legion, a unit within the British army made up of ethnic Germans. The link between the two kingdoms finally ended in 1837 with the accession of Queen Victoria to the British throne (as women could not inherit the throne of Hanover).

Every British monarch from George I to Edward VII in the twentieth century, took a Royal German spouse. This led to close blood ties between British and German royalty. The British Royal family retained a German surname until 1917, when, in response to the anti-German feelings of World War I, it was legally changed to the English-sounding ' Windsor'. British Royal family members gave up any German titles they held in the same year, whilst their German relatives were stripped of any British titles they held by an Act of Parliament.

Interwar period

This is generally seen as a period of appeasement, especially when the British Prime Minister was Neville Chamberlain. Previously Britain had been involved in both the Locarno Treaties and Kellogg-Briand Pact which helped reintegrate Germany into Europe after the Treaty of Versailles.

References

ee also

*Franco-German cooperation
*Anglo-German Fellowship
*British Germans

External links

* [http://userweb.port.ac.uk/~joyce1/abinitio/whygerm1.html Anglo-German Relations: Paul Joyce, University of Portsmouth]
* [http://www.anglo-german-club.de/ Anglo-German Club in Hamburg]
* [http://www.debrige.de/english/index.html Deutsch-Britische Gesellschaft in Berlin]
* [http://www.agf.org.uk/ Anglo-German Foundation]
* [http://www.anglogermantrade.com/ Anglo-German Trade]
* [http://www.britishgermanassociation.org/ British-German Association]
* [http://www.germanbritishchamber.co.uk/ German-British Chamber of Industry & Commerce in London]
* [http://www.di-uk.co.uk/ German Industry in the UK]
* [http://www.ukgermanconnection.org/ UK-German Connection]
* [http://www.britischebotschaft.de/en/ British Embassy in Berlin]
* [http://www.london.diplo.de/ German Embassy in London]


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Anglo-German Naval Agreement — Infobox Treaty name = Anglo German Naval Agreement (A.G.N.A) long name = Exchange of Notes between His Majesty s Government in the United Kingdom and the German Government regrading the Limition of Naval Armaments type = Naval limitation… …   Wikipedia

  • Anglo-German Fellowship — The Anglo German Fellowship was founded in London in September 1935, by the English merchant banker Ernest Tennant, who was also a friend of Joachim von Ribbentrop, German Ambassador to Britain. [cite journal |last=Douglas Hamilton |first=James… …   Wikipedia

  • Soviet–German relations before 1941 — German and Soviet troops shaking hands following the invasion of Poland. Soviet–German relations date to the aftermath of the First World War. The Treaty of Brest Litovsk,[1] ending World War I hostilities between Russia and Germany, was signed… …   Wikipedia

  • Anglo-America — is a region in the Americas in which English is the main language, Anglo America , vol. 1, Micropædia, Encyclopædia Britannica , 15th ed., Chicago: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc., 1990. ISBN 0 85229 511 1.] or one which has significant British… …   Wikipedia

  • Anglo-Japanese Alliance — The first Nihongo|Anglo Japanese Alliance|日英同盟|Nichi Ei Dōmei was signed in London at what is now the [http://www.lansdowneclub.com/ Lansdowne Club] , on January 30 1902, by Lord Lansdowne (British foreign secretary) and Hayashi Tadasu (Japanese… …   Wikipedia

  • German–Soviet Axis talks — In October and November 1940, German–Soviet Axis talks occurred concerning the Soviet Union s potential entry as a fourth Axis Power. The negotiations included a two day Berlin conference between Soviet Foreign Minister Vyacheslav Molotov, Adolf… …   Wikipedia

  • German–Soviet Commercial Agreement (1940) — For other uses, see German–Soviet Commercial Agreement (disambiguation). German Soviet Commercial Agreement German Soviet Commercial Agreement Signed February 11, 1940 Location Moscow, Union of Soviet Socialist Republics Signatories Union of… …   Wikipedia

  • German Empire — This article is about the unified German monarchy existing from 1871 to 1918. For Germany before 1806, see Holy Roman Empire. For Germany between 1918 and 1933, see Weimar Republic. For Germany between 1933 and 1945, see Nazi Germany. For German… …   Wikipedia

  • German-Japanese relations — Both the modern German and Japanese states were founded in the same year of 1871 – through the foundation of the German Empire under the leadership of Prussia and the “abolition of domains and foundation of prefectures” ordinance in Japan.This… …   Wikipedia

  • Anglo-Portuguese Alliance — The Anglo Portuguese Alliance between England (succeeded by the United Kingdom) and Portugal is the oldest alliance in the world which is still in force. It was signed in 1373.This alliance, which goes back to the Middle Ages, has served both… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”