Sultan Mahmud Al-Muktafi Billah Shah
- Sultan Mahmud Al-Muktafi Billah Shah
Infobox_Monarch | name =His Royal Highness Almarhum Sultan Mahmud
title =Sultan of Terengganu
caption =Almarhum Al-Sultan Mahmud Al-Muktafi Billah Shah Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Al-Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah Al-Haj
reign =Sultan of Terengganu - 1979 - 1998
predecessor =Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah
successor =Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin
suc-type =Yang di-Pertuan Muda Terengganu
consort =Tengku Ampuan Bariyah
issue =Tengku Mizan
royal house =
royal anthem =
father =Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah
mother =Tengku Tengah Zaharah
date of birth =1930
place of birth =Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu
date of death =1998
place of death =Singapore
buried =Royal Mausoleum, Masjid Al-Muktafi Billah Shah|
Almarhum Al-Sultan Mahmud Al-Muktafi Billah Shah Al-Haj ibni Almarhum Al-Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah Al-Haj was the 16th Sultan of Terengganu from 1979 to 1998.
Sultan Mahmud was born on 1930 in Kuala Terengganu. He was married to Tengku Ampuan Bariyah binti Almarhum Sultan Sir Hisamuddin Alam Shah, sister of late Sultan Selangor, Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah on 1951. He was a cousin to the late Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin Abdul Aziz Shah of Selangor.
Two years later, his father Sultan Ismail Nasiruddin Shah died in 1979. He was installed as the Sultan of Terengganu in 1981 and Tengku Ampuan Bariyah became Tengku Ampuan Besar of Terengganu.
Sultan Mahmud was the colonel for the Royal Armoured Corps (KAD) from 1979.
He was a close friend of his advisor Tan Sri Wan Mokhtar Ahmad, the former Menteri Besar (chief minister) of Terengganu from 1985 to 1999. His main goal was to make Terengganu a developed state. He performed the hadj pilgrimage with Almarhum Sultan Salahuddin of Selangor in 1984.
His favourite hobby was playing golf and photography. He has taken pictures of many places in Terengganu including Primula Hotels and Beach Resorts, Wisma Darul Iman, Istana Maziah, Masjid Tengku Tengah Zaharah, Masjid Abidin, Rantau Abang and many more.
On 14 May 1998, he died in Singapore and was replaced by his son Sultan Mizan Zainal Abidin. His body was laid to rest in the new Royal Mausoleum near Masjid Al-Muktafi Billah Shah in Kuala Terengganu. He was the first sultan of Terengganu to be buried here.
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