name = Petauridae

image_width = 240px
image_caption = "Petaurus breviceps"
regnum = Animalia
phylum = Chordata
classis = Mammalia
infraclassis = Marsupialia
ordo = Diprotodontia
superfamilia = Petauroidea
familia = Petauridae
familia_authority = C.L. Bonaparte, 1838
subdivision_ranks = Genera
subdivision = "Dactylopsila"
The family Petauridae includes 11 medium-sized possum species: four striped possums, the six species wrist-winged gliders in genus "Petaurus", and Leadbeater's Possum which has only vestigal gliding membranes. Most of the wrist-winged gliders are native to Australia, most of the striped possums (genus "Dactylopsila") to New Guinea, but some members of each are found on both sides of Torres Strait.

All petaurids have obvious facial markings, a well-defined dorsal stripe, very large lower front incisors, and four-cusped molars. Despite their distinctive appearance, petaurids are closely related to the ringtailed possums (family Pseudocheiridae) and are grouped together with them to form the superfamily Petauroidea.

The wrist-winged gliders are omnivorous, specialising on sap and nectar, but taking a wide variety of supplemental foods. The gliders appears to have evolved in the open forests of Australia—gliding membranes are an adaptation which aids mobility when the forest canopy is incomplete, and are of little use in rainforests— but now has representatives in New Guinea and many of the smaller islands nearby. Their similarities to the unrelated flying squirrels are an example of convergent evolution.

The striped possums (trioks), on the other hand, are thought to have evolved on New Guinea, and the sole Australian species (the Striped Possum of Cape York) is considered a recent immigrant. All members of this genus are insectivores, and have specalised structures for catching insects: a heel-like structure on the wrist that is thought to be used to tap on wood to locate insect larvae. and an elongated fourth finger to extract them from their burrows.


* Genus "Dactylopsila"
** Great-tailed Triok, "Dactylopsila megalura"
** Long-fingered Triok, "Dactylopsila palpator"
** Tate's Triok, "Dactylopsila tatei"
** Striped Possum, "Dactylopsila trivirgata"
* Genus "Gymnobelideus"
** Leadbeater's Possum, "Gymnobelideus leadbeateri"
* Genus "Petaurus"
** Northern Glider, "Petaurus abidi"
** Yellow-bellied Glider, "Petaurus australis"
** Biak Glider, "Petaurus biacensis"
** Sugar Glider, "Petaurus breviceps"
** Mahogany Glider, "Petaurus gracilis"
** Squirrel Glider, "Petaurus norfolcensis"


*MSW3 Groves|pages=53-55

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Petauridae — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda ? Petauridae Petaurus breviceps Clasificación científica …   Wikipedia Español

  • Petauridae — Petauridae …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Petauridae — Gleitbeutler Kurzkopfgleitbeutler (Petaurus breviceps) Systematik Klasse: Säugetiere (Mammalia) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Petauridae — FAMILIA Petauridae …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Petauridae — sterblinės skraiduolės statusas T sritis zoologija | vardynas taksono rangas šeima apibrėžtis Šeimoje 4 gentys. Kūno ilgis – 14 30 cm, uodegos ilgis – 15 40 cm. atitikmenys: lot. Petauridae angl. gliding phalangers; ringtails rus. сумчатые летяги …   Žinduolių pavadinimų žodynas

  • Petauridae — …   Википедия

  • Petauridae — Gleitbeutler …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Petauridé — Petauridae Petauridae …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pétauridés — Petauridae Petauridae …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Семейство сумчатые летяги —         (Petauridae)** * * Во времена Брема всех представителей семейства относили к кускусовым.         Сахарный летающий поссум, или карликовая сумчатая летяга (Petaurus breviceps). По виду и по величине это животное похоже на нашу белку.… …   Жизнь животных

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”