Yamagata, Yamagata

Yamagata, Yamagata

Japanese city| Name = Yamagata City
JapaneseName = 山形市| Prefecture = Yamagata prefecture
Region = Tōhoku
Area_km2 = 381.34 | Population = 255,304
PopDate = 2003
Density_km2 =
LatitudeDegrees= 38
LatitudeMinutes= 15
LongtitudeDegrees= 140
LongtitudeMinutes= 20
Mayor =
Tree =
Flower =
Bird =

CityHallPostalCode =
CityHallLink = [http://www.city.yamagata.yamagata.jp/ Yamagata City] | City


Yamagata (山形市; -shi, lit. mountain shape) is the capital city of Yamagata Prefecture in Japan.

The famed temple of Yamadera (Ryushakuji) lies within the city limits, 15 minutes by train from the center.

As of 2003, the city had an estimated population of 255,304 and a density of 669.49 persons per km². The total area is 381.34 km².

The "Hanagasa festival" (花笠祭り; "Hanagasa Matsuri"), one of Tohoku's major summer festivals, is held in the city every August. Yamagata also hosts the bi-annual Yamagata International Documentary Film Festival. An autumn tradition is "Imoni-kai" (taro potato party). Taro potatoes, thin-sliced meat, and vegetables are cooked in a large pot at picnic spots. The banks of the Mamigasaki River are popular. Once a year, the city government serves thousands of bowls from its giant imoni pot.

Yamagata City is served by the Yamagata Shinkansen (bullet train) from Tokyo, which detaches from the Tohoku Shinkansen at Fukushima City. The express train takes under three hours, and the one-way cost is about 10,000 yen.

Yamagata City is located in a wide central valley (bonchi) that can heat up quickly in spring and summer and is often grey and humid, while to the east in Miyagi Prefecture on the Pacific coast it is usually clearer and more temperate. The opposite is the case in winter with the valley seeing frequent snow and the Pacific coast remaining clear and fine.

In the center of town west of the train station is the extensive Kajo park, the grounds of the keep of feudal warlord Mogami Yoshiaki. While most of the park is athletic fields and public function buildings, the rebuilt walls, eastern main gate, and surrounding moat of the former castle are impressive. In spring, the park is filled with cherry blossoms and clouded with many people. It contains a small public museum with nice displays of natural and social history.

The city is also the home of the Kojirakawa Campus and Iida Campus of Yamagata University. The Kojirakawa Campus houses the [http://www-h.yamagata-u.ac.jp/e/ Faculty of Literature & Social Science] , the [http://www-sci.yamagata-u.ac.jp/e_index.html Faculty of Science] and the [http://www.e.yamagata-u.ac.jp/eng.html Faculty of Education, Art & Science] . The Iida Campus includes the [http://www.id.yamagata-u.ac.jp/indexE.html Faculty of Medicine] , which also includes the School of Nursing and the University Hospital.

The city was founded on April 1, 1889.


Train stations

* JR East
** Yamagata Shinkansen: Yamagata
**Ōu Main Line: Zaō - Yamagata - Kita-Yamagata - Uzen-Chitose - Minami-Dewa - Urushiyama
**Senzan Line: Omoshiroyama-Kōgen - Yamadera - Takase - Tateyama - Uzen-Chitose - Kita-Yamagata - Yamagata
**Aterazawa Line: Yamagata - Kita-Yamagata - Higashi-Kanai

Major roads

* Tōhoku Chūō Expressway: Yamagata-chūō, Yamagata-Kaminoyama interchanges
* Yamagata Expressway: Yamagata-Zaō, Yamagata-kita, Sekizawa interchanges
* Route 13, Route 48, Route 112, Route 286, Route 348, Route 458


* Yamagata registered the highest temperature ever recorded in Japan (40.8˚ C on July 25, 1933) until the record was broken by two cities (40.9˚ in Kumagaya, Saitama and Tajimi, Gifu) on August 16, 2007 [河北新報 (Kahoku Shimpō newspaper) page 1; August 17, 2007.]
* Yamagata is a sister city to Swan Hill, Victoria, Australia
* Yamagata is a sister city to Boulder, Colorado.

External links

* [http://www.city.yamagata.yamagata.jp/ Yamagata official website] in Japanese
* [http://www-h.yamagata-u.ac.jp/~irwin/yamagataweather.htm Climate in Yamagata City] in English


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