The Nihongo|tachi|太刀:たち is a Japanese sword, often said to be more curved and slightly longer than the katana. However, Gilbertson, Oscar Ratti, and Adele Westbrook state that a sword is called a tachi when hung from the "obi" (belt or sash) with the edge down, and the same sword becomes a katana when worn edge up and thrust through the girdle. [ [http://www.touken.or.jp/syurui/tokucho.html 各時代の特徴 ― 財団法人 日本美術刀剣保存協会 ― ] ] The "tachi" style was eventually discarded in favor of the katana.

The "daitō" (long swords) that pre-date the katana average about 78cm in blade length, larger than the katana average of around 70cm. Unlike the traditional manner of wearing the katana, the tachi was worn hung from the belt with the cutting-edge down, and was usually used by cavalry. Deviations from the average length of tachi have the prefixes "ko-" for "short" and "ō-" for "great or large" attached. For instance, tachi that were "shōtō" and closer in size to a "wakizashi" were called "kodachi". The longest tachi (considered a 15th century "ōdachi") in existence is more than 3.7 meters in total length (2.2m blade) but believed to be ceremonial. In the year 1600, many old tachi were cut down into katana. The majority of surviving tachi blades now are "o-suriage", so it is rare to see an original signed "ubu" tachi.Fact|date=February 2007


The tachi was used primarily on horseback, where it was able to be drawn efficiently for cutting down enemy footsoldiers. On the ground it was still an effective weapon, but somewhat awkward to use. This is why its companion, the "uchigatana" (the predecessor of the katana) was developed.

It was the predecessor to the katana as the battle-blade of feudal Japan's "bushi" (warrior class), and as it evolved into the later design, the two were often differentiated from each other only by how they were worn and by the fittings for the blades.

It was during the Mongol invasions that it was shown there were some weaknesses in the tachi sword which led the development of the Katana. [ [http://www.paralumun.com/swtachi.htm Tachi Japanese Sword ] ]

In later Japanese feudal history, during the Sengoku and Edo periods, certain high-ranking warriors of what became the ruling class would wear their sword tachi-style (edge-downward), rather than with the saya (scabbard) thrust through the belt with the edge upward.Fact|date=February 2007


ee also

*jin tachi

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем решить контрольную работу

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Tachi — Angaben Waffenart: Schwert Verwendung: Waf …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • tachi — (izg. tàči) m DEFINICIJA sport 1. u karateu stajaći stav borca (u složenicama oblik dachi) 2. u kendo vještini dugi japanski mač s blago povijenom oštricom; drži se objema rukama SINTAGMA tachi ai (izg. tachi ȁj) sport u sumo hrvanju početni… …   Hrvatski jezični portal

  • tachi — ● tachi nom masculin (japonais tachi) Sabre japonais de l époque féodale. tachi [tatʃi] n. m. ÉTYM. 1904; mot japonais. ❖ ♦ Didact. Sabre japonais (⇒ Katana) ancien, à lame très longue, pour le combat à cheval …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • tachi- — {{hw}}{{tachi }}{{/hw}} primo elemento: in parole composte significa ‘veloce’: tachicardia, tachimetro …   Enciclopedia di italiano

  • tachi — v. tahi . Trimis de LauraGellner, 13.09.2007. Sursa: DN …   Dicționar Român

  • tachi- — [dal gr. takhy , elemento compositivo tratto da takhýs veloce ; lat. scient. tachy  ]. Primo elemento di parole composte, che significa rapido , o fa riferimento alla velocità …   Enciclopedia Italiana

  • Tachi — Este artículo o sección necesita referencias que aparezcan en una publicación acreditada, como revistas especializadas, monografías, prensa diaria o páginas de Internet fidedignas. Puedes añadirlas así o avisar a …   Wikipedia Español

  • Tachi — Cet article concerne le sabre japonais. Pour la langue amérindienne, voir tachi (langue). Tachi forgé en 1997, copie d un sabre de la fin de l ère Heian (XIe siècle). Le …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Tachi-ai — The tachi ai (立合い) is the initial charge between two sumo wrestlers at the beginning of a bout. There are several common techniques that wrestlers use at the tachi ai, with the aim of getting a decisive advantage in the bout:* Charge head first… …   Wikipedia

  • Tachi — El tachi (太刀) fue la primera espada larga forjada en el Japón. Es el antecesor directo de la katana, se la siguió usando muchos años después como una clase de espada ceremonial por los samurais del más alto rango …   Enciclopedia Universal

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”