- Emily Greene Balch
Emily Greene Balch (
January 8 1867– January 9 1961) was an American academic, writer, and pacifist who received the Nobel Peace Prizein 1946 (the prize that year was shared with John Mott), notably for her work with the Women's International League for Peace and Freedom(WILPF).
Born in the
Jamaica Plainneighborhood of Bostoninto an affluent family, she was amongst the first graduates of Bryn Mawr Collegein 1889. She continued to study sociology and economics in Europe and the United States, and, in 1896, she joined the faculty of Wellesley College, becoming a full professor of economics and sociology in 1913.
World War I, she helped to found the League and campaigned against America's entry into the conflict.
When her contract was terminated by Wellesley because of her pacifist activities, she became an editor of "
The Nation", a well-known liberal news magazine, acted as secretary of the WILPF (a second term in 1934 without salary for a year and a half), and did much work for the League of Nations.
Balch converted from
Unitarianismand became a Quakerin 1921. She never married. She died the day after her 94th birthday.
* [http://www.nobel.se/peace/laureates/1946/ Nobel Committee information on 1946 Peace Prize laureates]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.