official_name = Vlorë
native_name = Vlora
image_caption = View over Vlora
dot_x = |dot_y =
subdivision_type = Country
subdivision_type1 = County
subdivision_type2 = District
leader_title = Mayor
established_title = Founded
established_date = 6th century BC
population_as_of = 2006
population_total = 124,000
timezone = Central European Time
utc_offset = +1
timezone_DST = CEST
utc_offset_DST = +2
latd=40 |latm=27 |lats=|latNS=N
elevation_m = 0
elevation_ft = 0
blank_name =Car Plates
website = http://www.bashkiavlore.org
Vlorë or Vlora (
Ancient Greek: Αυλών, "Aulón", meaning "Valley", or possibly from a Greek reinterpretation of an earlier archaic form), [ [http://books.google.com/books?id=M1JIPAN-eJ4C&pg=PA398&lpg=PA398&dq=Aulon+Vlore+etymology&source=web&ots=idprN-HVVN&sig=jA5ZN8hlnecFpyiidAjLSx32V2Q&hl=en&sa=X&oi=book_result&resnum=2&ct=result google book reference] : Placenames of the World: Origins and Meanings of the Names for 6,600 Countries, Cities, Territories, Natural Features, and Historic Sites By Adrian Room Published by McFarland, 2005 ISBN 0786422483, 9780786422487 433 pages Quote: "The town was founded as the Greek colony of Aulon apparently from the identical Greek word meaning "valley" or possibly a reinterpretation of an existing pre-Greek name"] is the second largest port cityof Albania, after Durrës, with a population of about 124,000 (2006 estimate).
The city is located in Albania, in the
District of Vlorëand County of Vlorëat coord|40|28|N|19|29|E|type:city(85,000)_region:AL.
Vlorë occupies an eminence near the
Bay of Vlorë, an inlet of the facing the Adriatic Sea, almost surrounded by mountains. The port of Vlorë is the closest in proximity to the port of Bari, Italyand is just 70 nautical miles from Salento's coasts. The island of Sazanis in close proximity to the city, strategically located at the entrance to the Bay of Vlorë. The town has rather a pleasant appearance, surrounded with gardens and olive groves. Valonia, a material largely used by tanners, is the pericarp of an acorn obtained in the neighboring oak forests, and derives its name from Valona, the ancient name of Vlorë.
Vlorë is one of the oldest cities of Albania. It was founded by Greeks in the 6th century BC and named Aulōn, one of three such colonies on the
Illyriancoast [ [http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/631621/Vlore Vlore from Encyclopaedia Britannica] Quote: "town that is the second seaport of Albania. It lies at the head of Vlorës Bay, which is protected by the mountainous Karaburun (peninsula) and the island of Sazan (Italian Saseno, ancient Saso). Of ancient origin, it was founded as Aulon, one of three Greek colonies on the Illyrian coast. It was strategically important during Roman times and in the 11th–12th-century wars between Normans and Byzantines. Later it was contested by Venetians, Serbs, and Turks. On Nov. 28, 1912, Ismail Qemal proclaimed there the independence of Albania. Vlorë was occupied by the Italians in 1915–20 and again in 1939. During World War II Sazan was used as a German and Italian submarine base. After the war the town’s harbour and submarine facilities were improved by the Soviet Union, which used the bay as a naval base until 1961, when conflict between the two states resulted in a Soviet departure. Vlorë’s population includes Muslims, Greek Orthodox, and a few Roman Catholics"] , mentioned for the first time by Ptolemy (Geographia, III, xii, 2). Other geographical documents, such as Peutinger's "Tabula" and the "Synecdemus" of Hierocles, also mention it. The city was an important port of the Roman Empire, when it was part of Epirus Nova.
It became an
episcopal seein the 5th century. Among the known bishops are Nazarius, in 458, and Soter, in 553 ( Daniele Farlati, "Illyricum sacrum", VII, 397-401). The diocese at that time belonged to the Patriarchate of Rome. In 733 it was annexed, with all eastern Illyricum, to the Ecumenical Patriarchate of Constantinople, and yet it is not mentioned in any " Notitiae episcopatuum" of that Church. The bishopric had probably been suppressed, for, though the Bulgarians had been in possession of this country for some time, Aulon is not mentioned in the "Notitiae episcopatuum" of the Patriarchate of Achrida. Vlorë played a central role in the conflicts between the Norman Kingdom of Sicilyand the Byzantine Empireduring the 11th and 12th centuries. During the Latin domination a Latin see was established, and Eubel (Hierarchia catholica medii aevi, I, 124) mentions several of its bishops. Several of the Latin bishops mentioned by Le Quien("Oriens christianus", III, 855-8), and whom Eubel(I, 541) mentions under the See of Valanea in Syria, belong either to Aulon in Greece (now Salona) or to Aulon in Albania (Vlorë). Serbiacaptured Vlorë, or Valona, as it was also called, in 1345 and it was captured by the Ottoman Empirein 1417; and after being in Venetian possession in 1690, was restored to the Turks in 1691, becoming a caza of the "sandjak" of Beratin the vilayet(province) of Janina. The city had about 10,000 inhabitants; there was a Catholic parish, which belonged to the Archdiocese of Durrës; it persisted nominally as a Titular see, suffragan of Durrës.
In 1851 it suffered severely from an earthquake.
Ismail Qemalideclared Albania's independence in Vlorë on November 28, 1912, during the First Balkan War. The city became Albania's first capital but was invaded by Italyin 1914 and occupied until 1920. Italy again invaded Vlorë in 1939, following which Nazi Germanyoccupied the city until 1944.
World War II, the island of Sazan in Bay of Vlorë became the site of a German and Italian submarine baseand naval installations; these were heavily bombed by the Allies.After WWII, under communism, the port was leased to the Soviet Union as a submarine base, and played an important part in the conflict between Enver Hoxha and Khrushchev in 1960-1961, as the Soviet Union had made considerable investments in the naval facilities and objected strongly to the loss of them as a consequence of Albania denouncing the USSR as 'revisionist' and taking the Chinese side in the split in the world communist movement. The Soviet Union threatened to occupy Vlora with Soviet troops in April 1961, and cut off all Soviet economic, military and technical aid to Albania. The threat was not carried out, as a result of the simultaneous development of the Cuban missiles crisis, but Hoxha realized how vulnerable Albania was, and, after the USSR invaded Czechoslovakia in 1968, he built the tens of thousands of ubiquitous concrete bunkers that still litter the entire Albanian landscape. Under Hoxha Vlorë was an important recruiting centre for the Sigurimi, the secret police.
In 1997, Vlorë was the center of popular riots after the collapse of several fraudulent investment schemes that led to the downfall of the
Sali Berishaadministration, and almost precipitated the country into a civil war.
Vlorë remains a major seaport and commercial centre, with a significant
fishingand industrial sector. The surrounding region produces petroleum, natural gas, bitumenand salt. The city is also the location of important installations of the Albanian Navy.
Vlorë has grown in importance as an agricultural center with very large-scale planting of olive and fruit trees, and as a center of the food processing, oil and bitumen export industries.
The surrounding district is mainly agricultural and pastoral, producing oats, maize, cotton, olive oil, cattle, sheep, skins, hides and butter. These commodities are exported.
Tourismhas become a major industry in recent years, with many hotels, recreational centers, and vast beaches. It is a pleasant place to relax, to have a coffee and admire the beautiful view over the Bay of Vlorë.
Kristaq Mitro- film director
Ibrahim Muçaj- film director
Haxhi Dalipi- musician, composer, conductor.
Skënder Kamberi- painter
Nestor Jonuzi- painter
Josif Gjipali- tenor
Agim Sulaj- painter
Aurela Gaçe- singer
Ibrahim Sulejman Vogli- boxer
Selam Musai- national hero (against the Italians 1920)
Perlat Musta- goalkeeper (Partizani, national team)
Kadri Hazbiu- Minister of Defence (1974-1981)
Bejto Isufi- military general (Led the military parade 1974)
Hysni Kapo- Secretary of the Central Committee of PLA
Sabaudin Xhaferi- painter, art director, cartoonist
Laert Aleksi Xhaferi- painter, Sabaudin Xhaferi' son
Hollywood, Florida, USA
History of Albania
List of cities in Albania
Tourism in Albania
ources and References
* "Vlorë." "Encyclopædia Britannica", 2005
* "Vlorë." "The Columbia Encyclopedia", 2004
* "Vlorë or Vlora, Ital. Valona, ancient Aulon." Crystal Reference Encyclopedia, 2001
* [http://www.imaginaryplanet.net/essays/travel/albania2/tourism.html Tourism Information about Vlore, Albania (Written by American Robert Nagle in 2002).]
* [http://www.bashkiavlore.org Municipality of Vlora, official site.] (Site in Albanian and partial in English)
* [http://www.vloralive.com Vlora Live] (Albanian)
* [http://www.vloraport.com Vlora Port Authority] (Albanian)
* [http://www.vlora.it Site of Vlora City (Albanian)]
* [http://www.shqiperia.com/foto/vlora-lg.php Photos of Vlorë] (site in Albanian)
* [http://thealbanians.com/igallery/viewer.php?albid=9&stage=1 Picture Gallery of Vlora] (Website in English)
* [http://www.thealbanians.com/video_archives/videos/sports/partizan_flamurtari_second_game.php Flamurtari of Vlora vs Partizan in Belgrade] (soccer game)
* [http://www.thealbanians.com/video_archives/videos/sports/barcelona_flamurtari.php Barcelona vs Flamurtari of Vlora in Spain] (soccer game)
University of Vlora]
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