Cocalzinho de Goiás

Cocalzinho de Goiás
Cocalzinho de Goiás
State Goiás
Geographical coordinates: 15°47′40″S 48°36′34″W / 15.79444°S 48.60944°W / -15.79444; -48.60944
Area: 1,787.9 km²
Population: 14,762 (IBGE 2007)
Population density: 8.26 (2007)
Urban / Rural Population: 6,096 / 8,666 (2007)
Elevation: 1l52 m above sea level
Postcode (CEP): 72975-000
IBGE statistical microregion: Entorno de Brasília
Became a city: 1993
Mayor: Salomão Costa Araújo
Distance to Goiânia: 203 km.
Website: none
Cocalzinho de Goiás is located 203 kilometers from Goiânia

Cocalzinho de Goiás is a small town and municipality in central Goiás state, Brazil.


Location and Geography

Cocalzinho, as it is known by the inhabitants, is located in the micro-region of Entorno de Brasília, on highway BR-414, almost at the junction with highway BR-070. It is 132 kilometers from the state capital, Goiânia and is 127 km from the national capital, Brasilia.

Municipal boundaries are with:

The elevation varies between 800 and 1,200 meters. Geographical relief is very irregular since the region is crossed by the Continental Divider of Waters, which separates the river basins of the Amazon and the Plata. Therefore there are numerous springs that grow until they form the major rivers of South America. For this reason it is called the Berço das Águas (the Cradle of Waters).

Major rivers are: Rio Verde, Oliveira Costa, Jacaré, Piqui, Taquaral, Corumbá, and Areias. There are many waterfalls and swimming spots. Nearby in neighboring Corumbá de Goiás there is a cavern called Gruta dos Ecos, with one of the largest subterranean lakes in South America. The municipality also contains Pico dos Pireneus, the highest point in the region, with an elevation of 1,385 meters.


Cocalzinho began in 1960 with the arrival of a cement plant, Companhia de Cimento Portland Itaú, which closed down in 1996 putting five thousand families out of work. Since then the local population has either left for better opportunities or continued working in agriculture. Today the economy is based on agriculture, cattle raising, dairy industries and rock quarries. The area is rich in sand and decorative rock.

The name "Cocalzinho" comes from a stream called Cocá or Cocal, which has its source near the seat of the municipality.

When highway BR-414 is paved up to Niquelândia, Cocalzinho will benefit from tourism since there will be a tourist route from the Serra da Mesa lake to the Chapada dos Veadeiros national park.


The main economic activities were cattle raising (76,000 head in 2006, poultry raising, and agriculture (cotton, corn, and soybeans). Agricultural data 2006

  • Farms: 603
  • Total area: 75,013 ha.
  • Area of permanent crops: 442 ha.
  • Area of perennial crops: 7,883 ha.
  • Area of natural pasture: 54,373 ha.
  • Area of woodland and forests: 29,307 ha.
  • Persons dependent on farming: 1,475
  • Number of tractors: 172
  • Cattle herd: 76,000
  • Main crop: soybeans producing 16,200 tons on 6,000 hectares [1]

Health and education

  • Schools: 16
  • Higher education: none in 2007
  • Literacy rate (2000): 82.3%
  • Infant mortality rate (2000): 23.61
  • Hospitals: 01 with 21 beds (2007) [2]
  • HDI-M (2000): 0.703
  • State ranking: 207 (out of 242 municipalities in 2000)
  • National ranking: 2935 (out of 5507 in 2000 municipalities)[3]


  1. ^ IBGE
  2. ^ Perfil dos Municípios
  3. ^ Frigoletto

Sources of Data

See also

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