- Arnolfo di Cambio
Arnolfo di Cambio [The name "Arnolfo di Lapo" by which he is mentioned in some sources was an invention by his biographer
Giorgio Vasari. See Tomasi, 2007.] (c. 1240 – 1300/1310 [The traditional date of 1302 has been recently discovered to be wrong. See Tomasi, 2007.] ) was an Italian architectand sculptor.
Arnolfo was born in
Colle Val d'Elsa, Tuscany.
Nicola Pisano’s chief assistant on the marble pulpitfor the Duomo in Siena(1265-1268), but he soon began to work independently on an important tomb sculpture. In 1266-1267 he worked in Romefor King Charles I of Anjou, portraying him in the famous statue housed in the Campidoglio. Around 1282 he finished the monument to Cardinal de Braye in the church of San Domenico in Orvieto, including a Madonna which he created by converting an ancient Roman statue of the goddess Abundantia. In Rome Arnolfo had seen the Cosmatesqueart, and its influence can be seen in the intarsioand polychrome glass decorations in the churches of San Paolo fuori le Muraand Santa Cecilia in Trastevere, where he worked in 1285 and 1293 respectively. In this period he also worked on the presepioof Santa Maria Maggiore, on Santa Maria in Aracoeli, on the monument of Pope Boniface VIII(1300) and on the bronze statue of St. Peterin St. Peter's Basilica.
In 1294-1295 he worked in Florence, mainly as an architect. According to his biographer
Giorgio Vasari, he was in charge of construction of the cathedral of the city, for which he provided the statues once decorating the lower part of the façade destroyed in 1589. The surviving statues are now in the Museum of the Cathedral. Also attributed to Arnolfo is the design of the Church of Santa Croce . Vasari also attributed to him the urban plan of the new city of San Giovanni Valdarno.
The monumental character of Arnolfo's work has left its mark on the appearance of Florence. His funerary monuments became the model for Gothic
Giorgio Vasari included a biography of Arnolfo in his "
Lives of the Artists".
*Old basilica di
Santa Maria del Fiore, Florence
Pope Adrian V(1276) - San Francesco, Viterbo
*Monument to Riccardo Cardinal Annibaldi (1276) -
San Giovanni in Laterano, Rome
*Statue of Charles I of Anjou (1277) -
*Fountain of the Thirsty People (Fontana Minore) - Perugia
*Tomb of Cardinal Guillaume de Braye (c. 1282) - San Domenico,
*Monument of Pope Boniface VIII - the Museum of the Opera del Duomo - Florence
*cite journal|title=Lo stil novo del Gotico italiano|journal=Medioevo|first=Michele|last=Tomasi|issue=121|pages=pp. 32–46|month=February | year=2007
* [http://www.all-art.org/history194-4.html Arnolfo di Cambio in the "History of Art"]
Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.