Works for keyboard by J.S. Bach

Works for keyboard by J.S. Bach

The keyboard works of the German composer Johann Sebastian Bach, originally written for organ, clavichord, and harpsichord, are among the most important and well-known of his compositions. Widely varied and ranging over the entire span of his lifetime, they are a central part of the modern repertoire for keyboard.

Bach was himself a prodigious talent at the keyboard, well-known during his lifetime both for his technical abilities and for improvisation. Many of Bach's keyboard works started out as improvisations.

During the long period of neglect that Bach suffered as a composer after his death extending to his rediscovery during the nineteenth century, he was known almost exclusively through his music for the keyboard, in particular his highly influential pantonal series of Preludes and Fugues in the Well-Tempered Clavier, which were regularly assigned as part of musicians' training. Composers and performers such as Ludwig van Beethoven and Camille Saint-Saëns first showed off their skills as child prodigies playing the entire cycle of Bach's 48 Preludes and Fugues.

Modern composers have continued to draw inspiration from Bach's keyboard output. Dmitri Shostakovich, for example, wrote his own set of Preludes and Fugues after the Bach model. Jazz musicians and composers, in particular, have been drawn to the contrapuntal style, harmonic expansion and rhythmic expression of Bach's compositions, especially the works for keyboard.

Works for Harpsichord

*List of compositions of Johann Sebastian Bach - Works for harpsichord
*English Suites, BWV 806-811
*French Suites, BWV 812-817
*Partitas, BWV 825-830

Bach wrote widely for the harpsichord, producing numerous inventions, suites, fugues, partitas, overtures, as well as keyboard arrangements of music originally scored for other instruments.

Publication History

"See also Bach compositions printed during the composer's lifetime"

Many of Bach's works for keyboard were published in Bach's own lifetime, by the composer himself, under the title Clavier-Übung (Keyboard Practice) I-IV. The first volume, Bach's Opus 1, was published in 1731, while the last was published a decade later. The volumes are an open imitation of two volumes published by Bach's Leipzig predecessor Johann Kuhnau under the same title. Kuhnau used arrayed keys to structure his exercises, a model which Bach emulated through the Clavier-Übung volumes. The Well-Tempered Clavier, however, was not published until half a century after Bach's death, although they were in circulation before that in manuscript form. Of the four Clavier-Übung works, the first, second and last contain music written for harpsichord, while the third is devoted to compositions for organ.

ee also

*Johann Sebastian Bach
*List of compositions by Johann Sebastian Bach
*

Media


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • The Short-Tempered Clavier and other dysfunctional works for keyboard — Infobox Album Name = The Short Tempered Clavier and other dysfunctional works for keyboard Type = studio Artist = P. D. Q. Bach Released = 1995 Recorded = February 22, 1995 – May 30, 1995 Genre = Classical Comedy Length = 71:56 Label = Telarc… …   Wikipedia

  • List of compositions for keyboard and orchestra — This is a list of musical compositions for keyboard instruments such as the piano or harpsichord and orchestra. See entries for concerto, piano concerto and harpsichord concerto for a description of related musical forms.A*Luigi Abbiate **Piano… …   Wikipedia

  • Sonata for Keyboard Four-hands K.19d (Mozart) — Sonata for Keyboard Four hands in C major, K. 19d is a sonata composed by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart in May 1765 when he was in London. It was probably first performed by Mozart in The Great Room, accompanied by his sister on 13 May 1765. It is, as… …   Wikipedia

  • Bach, Johann Christoph Friedrich — ▪ German composer born June 21, 1732, Leipzig died Jan. 26, 1795, Bückeburg, Prussia       longest surviving son of J.S. and Anna Magdalena Bach.       Probably educated by his father s cousin Johann Elias Bach, J.C.F. Bach became a chamber… …   Universalium

  • Bach, Johann Sebastian — born March 21, 1685, Eisenach, Thuringia, Ernestine Saxon Duchies died July 28, 1750, Leipzig German composer. Born to a musical family, he became a superbly well rounded musician; from 1700 he held positions as singer, violinist, and organist.… …   Universalium

  • Bach, Johann Sebastian — (21 March 1685 Eisenach, Thuringia, [modern Germany] – 23 July 1750, Leipzig)    In his own day, J. S. Bach was recognized within German speaking principalities as an outstanding performing musician, particularly on keyboard instruments, and by… …   Historical dictionary of sacred music

  • Bach, Carl Philipp Emanuel — born March 8, 1714, Weimar, Saxe Weimar died Dec. 14, 1788, Hamburg German composer. Second son of Johann Sebastian Bach, he received a superb musical education from his father. In 1740 he became harpsichordist at the court of Frederick II the… …   Universalium

  • BACH motif — In music, the BACH motif is the sequence of notes B flat, A, C, B natural . Bach s use of this cruciform melody in reference to himself extended to its inversion, retrograde, retrograde inversion, and all transpositions thereof. This four note… …   Wikipedia

  • Johann Sebastian Bach — redirect|BachJohann Sebastian Bach (pronounced|joˈhan/ˈjoːhan zeˈbastjan ˈbax) (31 March 1685 smaller| [O.S. 21 March] ndash; 28 July 1750) was a German composer and organist whose sacred and secular works for choir, orchestra, and solo… …   Wikipedia

  • P. D. Q. Bach — is a fictitious composer invented by musical satirist Professor Peter Schickele. In a gag that Schickele has developed over a five decade long career, he performs discovered works of this forgotten member of the Bach family. Schickele s music… …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”