Infobox Celts of England
Name = Trinovantes
fullname = Trinovantes

name = Trinovantes
capital = "Camulodunum" (Colchester)
location = Essex
South Suffolk
origin = ?
The Trinovantes or Trinobantes were one of the Celtic tribes that lived in pre-Roman Britain. Their territory was on the north side of the Thames estuary in current Essex and Suffolk, and included lands now located in Greater London. Their name derives from the Celtic intensive prefix "tri-" and "novio" - new, but possibly with an applied sense of vigorous or lively - so the name would mean "the very vigorous people". Their capital was Camulodunum (modern Colchester), one proposed site of the legendary Camelot.

Shortly before Julius Caesar's invasion of Britain in 55 and 54 BC, the Trinovantes were considered the most powerful tribe in Britain. At this time their capital was probably at Braughing (in modern-day Hertfordshire). In some manuscripts of Caesar's "Gallic War" their king is referred to as Imanuentius, although in other manuscripts no name is given. Some time before Caesar's second expedition this king was overthrown by Cassivellaunus, who is usually assumed to have belonged to the Catuvellauni. His son, Mandubracius, fled to the protection of Caesar in Gaul. During his second expedition Caesar defeated Cassivellaunus and restored Mandubracius to the kingship, and Cassivellaunus undertook not to molest him again. Tribute was also agreed.

The next identifiable king of the Trinovantes, known from numismatic evidence, was Addedomarus, who took power ca. 20-15 BC, and moved the tribe's capital to Camulodunum. For a brief period ca. 10 BC Tasciovanus of the Catuvellauni issued coins from Camulodunum, suggesting that he conquered the Trinovantes, but he was soon forced to withdraw, perhaps as a result of pressure from the Romans, as his later coins no longer bear the mark "Rex", and Addedomarus was restored. Addedomarus was briefly succeeded by his son Dubnovellaunus c. 10–5 BC, but a few years later the tribe was finally conquered by either Tasciovanus or his son Cunobelinus. Mandubracius, Addedomarus and Dubnovellaunus all appear in later, post-Roman and medieval British Celtic genealogies and legends as Manawydan, Aedd Mawr (Addedo the Great) and Dyfnwal Moelmut (Dubnovellaunus the Bald and Silent). The Welsh Triads recall Aedd Mawr as one of the founders of Britain.

The Trinovantes reappeared in history when they participated in Boudica's revolt against the Roman Empire in 60 AD. Their name was given to one of the "civitates" of Roman Britain, whose chief town was Caesaromagus (modern Chelmsford, Essex).

Their name survived in British legend as "Trinovantum", the supposed original name of London, in Geoffrey of Monmouth's "Historia Regum Britanniae" and elsewhere. Geoffrey claimed the name derived from "Troi-novantum" or "New Troy", connecting this with the legend that Britain was founded by Brutus and other refugees from the Trojan War.


*Julius Caesar, "De Bello Gallico"
*Caesar Augustus, "Res Gestae Divi Augusti"
*Tacitus, "Annals"
*Geoffrey of Monmouth, "Historia Regum Britanniae"

External links

* [ Trinovantes] at []
* [ Trinovantes] at [ Romans in Britain]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно сделать НИР?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Trinovantes — Mapa de los pueblos celtas. Los trinovantes o trinobantes fueron una de las tribus celtas que habitaron en Britania durante el periodo anterior a la invasión romana. Su territorio se extendía por la zona norte del río Támesis, por las regiones de …   Wikipedia Español

  • Trinovantes — ▪ ancient people also spelled  Trinobantes        ancient British tribe that inhabited the region that became Essex. In the mid 50s BC their prince, Mandubracius, was driven into exile by Cassivellaunus, king of the aggressive Catuvellauni.… …   Universalium

  • Trinovantes — 52° 06′ N 0° 58′ E / 52.1, 0.96 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Mandubracio — o Mandubratio fue un rey de la tribu de los trinovantes, que habitó en la región sureste de Britania en el Siglo I a. C. Contenido 1 Historia 2 Tradición medieval 3 Referencias …   Wikipedia Español

  • Imanuentius — appears in some manuscripts of Julius Caesar s De Bello Gallico as the name of a king of the Trinovantes, the leading nation of south eastern Britain at that time, who ruled before Caesar s second expedition to the island in 54 BC. Variant… …   Wikipedia

  • Caesar's invasions of Britain — Infobox Military Conflict conflict=Caesar s invasions of Britain partof=Caesar s Gallic Wars caption=Edward Armitage s reconstruction of the first invasion date=55 and 54 BC place=Kent, the Thames, and Essex casus= territory=None |result=Nominal… …   Wikipedia

  • Mandubracius — or Mandubratius was a king of the Trinovantes of south eastern Britain in the 1st century BC. Contents 1 History 2 Medieval traditions 3 References 4 External links …   Wikipedia

  • Addedomarus — Infobox Monarch name =Addedomarus title =King of the Trinovantes/South Eastern Britain caption = reign =1st century, to c.50 AD native lang1 = Brythonic native lang1 name1= native lang2 = native lang2 name1= predecessor =Unknown successor… …   Wikipedia

  • Mandubracios — Les peuples celtes du sud de l Angleterre. Mandubracios est un roi celte brittonique qui a régné au Ier siècle av. J. C. sur le peuple des Trinovantes, au nord de l’estuaire de la Tamise, dans les actuels comtés d’Essex et de Suffolk …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Dumnovellauno — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Dubnovellauno o Dumnovellauno fue el nombre de al menos uno, y posiblemente de varios reyes del sureste del periodo prehistórico de Britania, que reinaron a Finales del Siglo I a. C./Principios del Siglo I …   Wikipedia Español

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”