A humidor is being prepared for use.
An Elie Bleu Medaille in blue.

A humidor is any kind of box or room with constant humidity, and ideal temperature, used to store cigars, cigarettes, or pipe tobacco. For private use, small wooden or acrylic glass humidor boxes for a few dozen cigars are used, while cigar shops may have walk-in humidors, sometimes consisting of a whole floor. Humidors can be used to store other goods for which a certain level of humidity is desirable; the Colorado Rockies Major League Baseball team stores game balls in a large humidor at their home stadium, Coors Field, to counteract the effects of Denver's high altitude and generally low humidity. Humidors of all sizes use hygrometers to keep track of the humidity levels.


Classification of humidors

Room humidor

Most common in cigar bars or stores. One room is built as or converted to a humidor where all the cigars are stored.

Cabinet humidor

Usually placed on the floor as a piece of furniture. Typically holds 1000-5000 cigars.

Table humidor

Often quite heavy, though portable in theory, it's usually kept in one location. Capacity ranges from three hundred to a few thousand cigars. It usually comes with a polished wood exterior, marble, leather or combination of exotic elements, and glass top.

Personal humidor

Semi-regular cigar smokers will sometimes keep a small humidor in their homes for personal storage, special events, or aesthetic characteristics of the humidor itself . Usually contains 20-75 cigars. This may also be known as a "Desktop Humidor".[citation needed]

Travel humidor

Portable and made for carrying cigars enough for the outing or event. Usual counts supported are 2 to 10 cigars.


Commercially made humidor cases are typically made of woodboard, although other materials, like acrylic glass and metal, are not uncommon. Carbon fibre, silicon carbide, and polyethylene have also been used. Disregarding aesthetic qualities, the casing's purpose is to protect the interior and create a closed environment, so any durable and airtight material can be used.

The interior is typically a veneer of Spanish-cedar wood or mahogany.

Spanish-cedar is the most frequently used wood for the interior veneer of humidors. It possesses the following desirable characteristics for cigar storage:

  1. It holds more moisture than most woods, so it helps maintain humidity.
  2. It imparts its aroma to cigars if they are stored in it for long enough. For the same reason, some cigars are wrapped in Spanish-cedar sheets before they are sold.
  3. Spanish-cedar wood can repel tobacco beetles. These pinhead-sized beetles can ruin entire stocks of cigars. They eat the tobacco and lay eggs, causing further infestation. They can also be discouraged by ensuring the humidor does not get hotter than 20 °C (68 °F).[1] The beetle eggs usually only hatch at around 25 °C (77 °F), although there are also instances where they will hatch at cooler temperatures if the humidity is too high.
  4. The wood properties are not prone to "warping" or "cupping" in high humidity.

In addition to commercially made humidors, home-made humidors are also in use.[2] They range considerably in material, size and complexity.



The ideal humidity in a humidor is around 68-72% of relative humidity.[3] Though it can go higher or lower depending on the cigar smokers preferences, it should never go higher than 75% due to the possibility of hatching tobacco beetles. The more empty space, the more readily the humidity level of the box will drop or rise.

All humidors contain a humidifying system which keeps the air moist, which in turn keeps the cigars moist.

Most humidifying elements are passive, releasing stored humidity through evaporation and diffusion. The use of a solution of propylene glycol and distilled water is recommended for replenishing the passive humidifying element as it has a buffer effect on air humidity, maintaining it at approximately 70%. Retailers and manufacturers claim it also has mild antifungal and antibacterial properties. In lack of propylene glycol, distilled water should be used, due to its lack of minerals, additives, or bacteria which keeps the contents neutral and healthy.

Electronic humidifiers are also available, relying on electronics to measure and regulate relative humidity.

Usage of silica gel beads is a third alternative. These also have a buffer effect on relative humidity, and are moistened with distilled water when necessary. They can absorb or release humidity within a certain range, and is typically calibrated in one of three ranges of humidity - 60%, 65%, or 70%. Unlike the passive devices, silica beads only require distilled water, and can be ruined by propylene glycol.

Each humidor has to be seasoned after being bought or having been out of use for a while.[4] The seasoning process brings the wood inside the humidor close to the relative humidity level that it will be operating at. This is usually done by storing a small container of water or a soaked sponge in the humidor until the wood is sufficiently humidified. An unseasoned humidor will absorb humidity from the closed environment, which in turn will reduce the humidity of the cigars.


To discourage eggs of tobacco beetles from hatching, the humidor temperature should be kept below 25°C/75°F, as well as below 75% relative humidity. At lower temperatures, below 54°F (12°C), the desired aging process of the cigars is impaired. Therefore, cold wine cellars are only suitable for cigar storage to a limited extent. Even worse are high temperatures. Temperatures of over 75°F (24°C) can lead to worm infestation and cigar rotting. For this reason, the humidor should not be exposed to direct sunlight.

See also


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • humidor — 1903, from HUMID (Cf. humid) on model of CUSPIDOR (Cf. cuspidor) …   Etymology dictionary

  • humidor — ☆ humidor [hyo͞o′mə dôr΄ ] n. [ HUMID + OR] 1. a device, as a tube containing a moistened sponge, for keeping the air moist in a tobacco jar, cigar case, etc. 2. a case, jar, etc. equipped with such a device …   English World dictionary

  • Humidor — Ein Humidor wird zur Benutzung vorbereitet. Nach dem Auswischen der Innenflächen mit Aquadest wird der mit Aquadest gefüllte Befeuchter und eine Tasse Wasser hineingestellt. Außerdem sieht man einen Divider (ein Trennblatt aus Holz) und ein… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Humidor — Un humidor conteniendo habanos Un humidor o humidificador, llamado también humectador es un cajón de madera revestida interiormente de cedro, con una bandeja con agua y un higrómetro, para controlar el grado de humedad y, a veces, con un… …   Wikipedia Español

  • humidor — noun Etymology: humid + or (as in cuspidor) Date: 1903 a case or enclosure (as for storing cigars) in which the air is kept properly humidified …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • humidor — /hyooh mi dawr / or, often, /yooh /, n. a container or storage room for cigars or other preparations of tobacco, fitted with means for keeping the tobacco suitably moist. [1900 05; HUMID + OR2] * * * …   Universalium

  • humidor — noun A container designed to keep its contents at a constant humidity; especially such a box for storing cigars …   Wiktionary

  • Humidor — Zigarrenbox * * * Hu|mi|dor, der; s, e [zu lat. (h)umidus, ↑ humid]: Behälter mit konstanter [tropischer] Luftfeuchtigkeit zur Aufbewahrung od. Lagerung von Zigarren. * * * Hu|mi|dor, der; , e [zu lat. (h)umidus, humid(e)]: Behälter mit… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • humidor — Synonyms and related words: Havana, belvedere, box of cigars, cheroot, cigar, cigar box, cigar case, cigar cutter, cigarillo, colorado, corona, hair hygrometer, hygrodeik, hygrograph, hygrometer, hygroscope, hygrostat, hygrothermograph,… …   Moby Thesaurus

  • Humidor — Hu|mi|dor der; s, s <zu lat. [h]umidus, vgl. ↑humid[e]> Behälter mit konstanter Luftfeuchtigkeit zur Aufbewahrung od. Lagerung von Zigarren …   Das große Fremdwörterbuch

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”