- Cord (volume)
The cord is a unit of measure of dry
volumeused in Canadaand the United Statesto measure firewoodand pulpwood. One cord, also commonly called a full cord or bush cord, is defined as convert|128|cuft|m3|2, [cite web
last = British Columbia Ministry of Forests and Range
authorlink = British Columbia Ministry of Forests and Range
title = Glossary of Forestry Terms in British Columbia
url = http://www.for.gov.bc.ca/hfd/library/documents/glossary/Glossary.pdf
format = .PDF
accessdate = 2008-09-04] ,corresponding to a woodpile 4 feet wide × 4 feet high × 8 feet long. In the
United States, the cord is defined by statutein most states. The U.S. National Institute of Standards and Technology Handbook 130, section 188.8.131.52 [cite web
last = NIST
first = Weights and Measures Division
authorlink = National Institute of Standards and Technology
title = Uniform Laws and Regulations in the Areas of Legal Metrology and Engine Fuel Quality
work = NIST Handbook 130 - 2006 Edition
date = 2006
url = http://ts.nist.gov/WeightsAndMeasures/h130-06.cfm
accessdate = 2008-09-04] defines a cord and provides uniform regulations related to the sale of fireplace and stove wood. In the
metric system, wood is usually measured in steres or cubic metres: 1 stere = 1 m³ ≈ 0.276 cords.
Another measure of wood volume is the sheldon cord (sometimes called a long cord), which usually "does not" have a legal definition, and its size varies regionally but is always larger than the regular cord.
Other non-legal definitions of firewood volume include standing cord, kitchen cord, running cord, face cord, fencing cord, and country cord. A face cord many times is defined as 1/3 of a full cord. It is therefore typically a pile of stacked wood with logs (split or unsplit) 16 inches in length x 4 feet high x 8 feet long. According to the Weights and Measures Act in Canada, the only true definable cord is a full cord and all other fractions thereof.
The word, "cord," originates from middle English from the old French "corde," and from Latin "chorda" and Greek "khord." [cite book
last = Houghton Mifflin Company
authorlink = Houghton Mifflin Company
title = The American Heritage® Dictionary of the English Language
date = 2000
location = cord
pages = 2074 pages
url = http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/cord
isbn = 0618082301] Apparently derived from the use of a fiber cord to measure quantities of firewood.
:* [http://www.co.kern.ca.us/weights/firewood.html Kern County Weights and Measures "About Firewood" ]
:* [http://www.gov.ns.ca/natr/publications/energy/buyfirewood.pdf Nova Scotia Natural Resources Information Circular DNR - 1A: "GUIDE TO BUYING and MEASURING STACKED FIREWOOD"]
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