- Ellis F. Lawrence
name = Ellis F. Lawrence
nationality = American
birth_date = birth date|1879|11|13|mf=y
Malden, Massachusetts, U.S.
death_date = death date and age|1946|02|27|1879|11|13|mf=y
Portland, Oregon, U.S.
Jordan Schnitzer Museum of Art Elsinore Theater
Ellis Fuller Lawrence (
November 13 1879– February 27 1946) was an American architectwho worked primarily in the U.S. stateof Oregon. In 1914, he helped found and was the first dean of the University of Oregon's School of Architecture and Allied Arts, a position he held until his death.
Lawrence concurrently served as campus architect for the University of Oregon and designed many campus buildings, including
Knight Libraryand the Jordan Schnitzer Museum of Art. Lawrence Hall on the university campus was named in his honor in 1956, somewhat ironically since the new structure replaced Lawrence's Architecture and Art Building of 1923. [cite web |url=http://libweb.uoregon.edu/guides/architecture/oregon/lawrence.html |title=The Architecture of the University of Oregon:Lawrence Hall |publisher=University of Oregon Libraries |accessdate=2008-01-10] His body of over 500 projects includes churches, residences, commercial and industrial buildings, funerary buildings, multi-family residences, and public buildings.
In 1988, the private residence he designed for
Thomas A. Livesley, a prominent Salem, Oregonbusinessman and civic leader, was purchased through private donations and donated to the state and now serves as the Governor's official residence ( Mahonia Hall).cite web |title=Highway: Geo-Environmental Section Architecture |accessdate=2008-01-10 |url=http://www.oregon.gov/ODOT/HWY/GEOENVIRONMENTAL/architecture1.shtml |publisher= Oregon Department of Transportation]
Ellis F. Lawrence was born in
Malden, Massachusettsand received his secondary education at Phillips Academy, Andover, graduating in 1897. He received both his bachelor's and master's degrees at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology(MIT), the first school of architecture in the United States. After graduation in 1902, Lawrence worked for several architectural firms then traveled in Europe. He was employed by the Boston architectural firm Codman & Despradelle in 1905.
In 1906, Codman & Despradelle (Boston), sent Lawrence to San Francisco to commence work there, but the
1906 San Francisco earthquakeconvinced him to stay in Portland, Oregonwhere he had stopped on the way. He lived in Portland the rest of his life and commuted to his work as dean and campus architect in Eugene. [ [http://nwda-db.wsulibs.wsu.edu/findaid/ark:/80444/xv35243 Guide to the Ellis Lawrence papers at the University of Oregon] ]
He was associated with several Oregon-based architecture firms: MacNaughton Raymond & Lawrence (1906-1910); Lawrence & Holford (1913-1928); Lawrence, Holford, Allyn & Bean (1928-1933); and Lawrence, Holford, & Allyn (1933-1941). Lawrence's final partnership, Lawrence & Lawrence (1944-1946), was with his son, Henry Abbott Lawrence.
Buildings designed by Lawrence
National Register of Historic Places
*Alpha Phi Sorority House, University of Oregon
Knight Library, University of Oregon
*Hope Abbey Mausoleum
Jordan Schnitzer Museum of Art, University of Oregon
Women's Memorial Quadrangle(includes Gerlinger Hall, Susan Campbell Hall, and Hendricks Hall), University of Oregon [cite web |author=Teague, Ed |date=2004 |title=Architecture of the University of Oregon: Gerlinger Hall |accessdate=2008-01-10 |url=http://libweb.uoregon.edu/guides/architecture/oregon/gerlinger.html |publisher=University of Oregon Libraries]
Belle Court Apartments
Henry B. Dickson House
Lewis T. Gilliland House
Albert, Oscar, and Linda Heintz House
Dr. Harry M. Hendershott House
James Hickey House
Irvington Tennis Club
William H. Lewis Model House
Alexander D. McDougall House
Natt and Christena McDougall House
Henry B. Miller House
Paul C. Murphy House
Isaac Neuberger House
Harry T. Nicolai House
John V. G. Posey House
O. L. Price House
Samuel G. Reed House
Maurice Seitz House
Blaine Smith House
Stanley C. E. Smith House
Arthur Champlin Spencer and Margaret Fenton Spencer House
John A. Sprouse Jr. House
Alice Henderson Strong House
Fred E. Taylor House
Troy Laundry Building
James E. Wheeler House
Other Oregon NRHP structures
Lewis and Clark College, Portland
*Franklin Building, Salem
*Leaburg Power Plant, Leaburg
McArthur Court, University of Oregon, Eugene
*Mount Crest Abbey Mausoleum, Salem [cite web |title=Find A Grave: Mount Crest Abbey Mausoleum |accessdate= 2008-01-10 |url=http://www.findagrave.com/cgi-bin/fg.cgi?page=cr&CRid=186744]
*Oceanview Cemetery Mausoleum, Astoria [cite news |author=Goodenberger, John |date=
November 28 2005|title=From slippery slopes to disrepair, Astorians face tough burial decisions |publisher=" The Daily Astorian" |accessdate=2008-01-10 |url=http://www.dailyastorian.info/main.asp?SectionID=23&SubSectionID=783&ArticleID=28713&TM=53673.26]
List of Registered Historic Places in Oregon
* "Harmony in Diversity : The Architecture and Teaching of Ellis F. Lawrence". Edited by Michael Shellenbarger ; essays by Kimberly K. Lakin, Leland M. Roth, Michael Shellenbarger. Eugene, Or.: Museum of Art and the Historic Preservation Program, School of Architecture and Allied Arts, University of Oregon, 1989.
* Ritz, Richard Ellison. "Lawrence, Ellis Fuller," "Architects of Oregon; A Biographical Dictionary of Architects Deceased—19th and 20th Centuries". Portland, OR: Lair Hill Publishing, 2002.
* [http://hdl.handle.net/1794/2150 Ellis Lawrence Building Survey] , from University of Oregon Libraries
* [http://www.nr.nps.gov/multiples/64500496.pdf Architecture of Ellis F. Lawrence National Register of Historic Places multiple property submission (PDF)]
* [http://libweb.uoregon.edu/guides/architecture/oregon/ellislawrence.html Ellis F. Lawrence] , in [http://libweb.uoregon.edu/guides/architecture/oregon/index.html The Architecture of the University of Oregon: A History, Bibliography, and Research Guide]
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