Saltern is a word with a number of differing (but interrelated) meanings. In English archaeology, a saltern is a term used to describe an area used for salt making, especially in the
The term saltern also describes modern salt-making works, and contain hypersaline waters that usually contain high concentrations of halophilic
microorganisms, primarily haloarchaeabut also other halophiles including algae and bacteria.Salterns usually begin with seawater as the initial source of brine but may also use natural saltwater springs and streams. The water is evaporated, usually over a series of ponds, to the point where NaCl and other salts precipitate out of the saturated brine, allowing pure salts to be harvested. In England, complete evaporation in this fashion was not routinely achievable and salt from the concentrated brine was produced by boiling the brine.
Earliest examples of pans used in the solution mining of salt date back to
prehistorictimes and the pans were made of ceramics known as briquetage. Later examples were made from leadand then iron. The change from lead to iron coincided with a change from wood to coal for the purpose of heating the brine. Brine would be pumped into the pans, and concentrated by the heat of the fire burning underneath. As crystals of salt formed these would be raked out and more brine added. In warmer climates no additional heat would be supplied, the sun's heat being sufficient to evaporate off the brine.
Salt evaporation pond
*"This article incorporates text from [http://www.dawlish.com/ Dawlish.com] , a site which allows free use of its content."
* [http://www.glaucus.org.uk/Salt-making.htm Salt Making in the Adur Valley]
* Archaeology, arable landscapes and drainage ...Excavations at the Bourne-Morton canal and the Roman saltern recorded. [http://randd.defra.gov.uk/Document.aspx?Document=BD1701_3905_FRA.pdf Archaeology, arable landscapes and drainage in the Fenland of Eastern England.]
* A medieval saltern mound at Millfields Caravan Park, Bramber,West [http://ads.ahds.ac.uk/catalogue/search/fr.cfm?RCN=EHNMR-1332783 Medieval (13th-16th century) saltern mound ]
* [http://thesaurus.english-heritage.org.uk/thesaurus_term.asp?thes_no=1&term_no=71229 Definition of Saltern Mound]
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