- James H. Wilkinson
name = James Hardy Wilkinson
birth_date = birth date|1919|9|27|mf=y
birth_place = flagicon|ENG
death_date = death date and age|1986|10|5|1919|9|27
nationality = English
work_institution = National Physical Laboratory
James Hardy Wilkinson (
27 September, 1919– 5 October, 1986) was a prominent figure in the field of numerical analysis, a field at the boundary of applied mathematicsand computer scienceparticularly useful to physicsand engineering.
Strood, England, he studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, where he graduated top of the class. Taking up war work in 1940, he began working on ballistics but transferred to the National Physical Laboratory in 1946, where he worked with Alan Turingon the ACE computer project.
Later, Wilkinson's interests took him into the numerical analysis field, where he discovered many significant
He received the
Turing Awardin 1970 "for his research in numerical analysis to facilitate the use of the high-speed digital computer, having received special recognition for his work in computations in linear algebra and 'backward' error analysis." In the same year, he also gave the John von NeumannLecture at the Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics.
J. H. Wilkinson Prize for Numerical Softwareis named in his honour.
External links and sources
* James H. Wilkinson, "Turing's Work at the National Physical Laboratory and the Construction of Pilot ACE, DEUCE and ACE" (in Nicholas Metropolis, J. Howlett, Gian-Carlo Rota, (editors), "A History of Computing in the Twentieth Century",
Academic Press, New York, 1980)
* [http://www.maths.manchester.ac.uk/~higham/photos/wilkinson/wilkinson_021.htm Photo] of Wilkinson from Nick Higham's [http://www.maths.manchester.ac.uk/~higham/photos/ archive]
NAME= Wilkinson, James Hardy
SHORT DESCRIPTION= English mathematician
DATE OF BIRTH=
September 27, 1919
PLACE OF BIRTH=
DATE OF DEATH=
October 5, 1986
PLACE OF DEATH=
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