Herman Johannes

Herman Johannes

Herman Johannes, (born Rote Island, East Nusa Tenggara, May 28 1912, died Yogyakarta, October 17 1992), was an Indonesian professor, scientist and politician. He was the rector of the Gadjah Mada University in Yogyakarta (1962-1966), Coordinator for Higher Education from 1966 to 1979, a member of Indonesia’s Presidential Supreme Advisory Council (DPA) from 1968 to 1978, and Minister for Public Works and Energy (1950-1951). He was also a member of the Executive Board of UNESCO from 1954 to 1957.


Herman Johannes graduated from the Technische Hogeschool "(THS)" in Bandung, West Java, an institution which was moved to Yogyakarta in 1946 due to the independence war with the Dutch, and then became the embryo of the Gadjah Mada University.

Throughout his educational career, Herman Johannes had done many researches in rural technology including inventing a charcoal stove designed especially for the poor. The stove used biomass charcoal briquettes for the fuel. Johannes had also researched other types of alternative fuels and explored the possibility of turning agricultural waste into fuel.

Herman Johannes was involved in the military in 1940s and was the head of the Arsenal Laboratory of Indonesia’s Army during the independence war against Dutch occupation. His laboratory produced explosives such as smoke bombs and hand grenades that were used by Indonesian guerillas to sabotage the movement of Dutch military in Central Java.

Herman Johannes married in 1955 with Annie Marie Gilbertine Amalo and had four children: Christine, Henriette, Daniel Johannes and Helmi Johannes, a newscaster at the VOA.

Johannes was decorated with the Guerilla Medal in 1958 and Mahaputra Medal in 1973 by the Indonesian government. Herman Johannes died on October 17, 1992 of prostate cancer. He was buried at the Gadjah Mada University Cemetery in Sawitsari, Yogyakarta. The Indonesian government has also honored Herman Johannes and named the Greater Forest Park in Kupang Regency in the East Nusa Tenggara province after him. His name has also been used for a boulevard in downtown Yogyakarta.


* "Melayu" School, Baa, Rote Island, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia 1921
* "Europesche Lagere School" (ELS), Kupang, East Nusa Tenggara, Indonesia 1922
* "Meer Uitgebreid Lager Onderwijs" (MULO), Makassar, South Sulawesi, Indonesia 1928
* "Algemene Middelbare School" (AMS), Batavia, Java, Indonesia 1931
* "Technische Hogeschool" (THS), Bandung, West Java, Indonesia 1934


* Teacher, "Cursus tot Opleiding van Middelbare Bouwkundingen" (COMB), Bandung, 1940
* Teacher, High Middle School ("SMT"), Batavia, Java 1942
* Lecturer of Physics, Medical High School, Salemba, Jakarta, 1943
* Lecturer, Technical High School ("STT") Bandung in Yogyakarta, 1946–1948
* Professor, "STT Bandung" in Yogyakarta, June 1948
* Dean, Technical Faculty, Gadjah Mada University ("UGM"), Yogyakarta, 1951–1956
* Dean, Faculty of Natural Sciences ("FIPA"), Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta , 1955–1962
* Rector, Gadjah Mada University, Yogyakarta, 1962–1966
* Coordinator of Higher Education ("Koperti"), Yogyakarta and Central Java, 1966–1979
* Chairman, Regional Science and Development Center (RSDC), Yogyakarta, 1969

Career (others)

* Member, Central Indonesian National Committee ("KNIP"), 1945–1946
* Minister of Public Works and Energy, Indonesia, 1950–1951
* Member, Executive Board of UNESCO, 1954–1957
* Member, National Council, 1957–1958
* Member, National Development Council ("Deppernas"), 1958–1962
* Member, Supreme Advisory Council (DPA) Indonesia, 1968–1978
* Member Commission of Four, 1970
* Member, Committee for Technical Terms, Department of Public Works, 1969–1975
* Member, Council of Indonesian-Malaysian Language ("MABIM"), 1972–1976
* Member, Indonesian National Research Council, 1985–1992

Military career

* Head of Arsenal Laboratory, Army Headquarters, Yogyakarta, 1946
* Member of Military Academy Troops, Jogjakarta, Sector "Sub-Wehrkreise" 104, December 1948–June 1949
* Lecturer, Military Academy, Yogyakarta, 1946–1948
* Last Rank: Army Major, 1949
* Commandant, Yogyakarta Student Regiment ("Resimen Mahakarta"), 1962–1965


* "Christen Studenten Vereniging" (CSV), Bandung, 1934
* "Indonesische Studenten Vereniging" (ISV), Bandung, 1934
* "Timorese Jongeren"/Chairman of Timorese Nationalist Group ("PKT"), Bandung, 1934
* Member, Indonesian Young Civil Servants Association ("AMPRI"), Jakarta, 1945
* Chairman, Indonesian Lesser Sunda People's Movement ("GRISK"), 1947
* Founder, Greater Indonesi Party (PIR) 1948
* Chairman, Hatta Foundation, 1950–1992
* Had been the Chairman of Gadjah Mada University Alumni Association ("KAGAMA")
* Had been the Head of Yogyakarta's Veterans Legion
* Had been in the Central Board of the Indonesian Veterans Legion ("LVRI")
* Member of Indonesian Engineers Association ("PII")


* Guerilla Medal, 1958
* Medal of Indonesian Independence Struggle, 1961
* Medal of "Wirakarya", 1971
* Mahaputra Medal, 1973
* Doctor Honoris Causa, Gadjah Mada,University, 1975
* Veterans Legion Medal, 1981
* Honor of Sri Sultan Hamengkubuwono IX, 1991

Publications (partly)

* "Basics of Modern Physics", (UGM, 1953)
* "Pantjasila in the Words of Sukarno" (UGM, 1963)
* "Squeeze Techniques in Bridge" (Indira, Jakarta, 1970)
* "Introduction to Mathematics for Economics" (with Budiono Sri Handoko; Pustaka LP3ES, Jakarta 1974)
* "Scientific Language Terms" (Gadjah Mada University, 1979)
* "Developing Bahasa Indonesia into a Scientific, Aesthetic and Energetic Language, (UGM, 1980)
* "Dictionary of Science and Technology" (Indira, Jakarta, 1981)
* "Various Techniques in Chess" (Liberty, Yogyakarta, 1989)

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Herman Johannes Lam — Nacimiento 1892 Veendam Fallecimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Herman Johannes van der Weele — Nom de naissance Herman Johannes van der Weele Naissance 13 janvier 1852 Middelbourg …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Herman Johannes van der Weele — (Jan 13 1852, Middelburg Dec 2 1930, The Hague) was a Dutch painter of the second generation of the Hague School …   Wikipedia

  • Herman Johannes Lam — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Lam. Herman Johannes Lam est un botaniste néerlandais, né le 3 janvier 1892 à Veendam et mort en le 15 février 1977 à Leyde. Il est le fils d’Anske Lam et de Margien née Winter. Il obtient son doctorat à… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ole Herman Johannes Krag — Born Ole Herman Johannes Krag April 7, 1837(1837 04 07) Vågå, Oppland , Norwa …   Wikipedia

  • Herman Schaepman — Herman Johannes Aloysius Maria Schaepman (b. at Tubbergen, Netherlands, 2 March1844; d. at Rome, 21 January1903) was a Dutch politician and poet.LifeHe made his studies in the college of Oldenzaal and the seminaries of Kuilenberg and Ryzenburg,… …   Wikipedia

  • Johannes B. Kerner (Fernsehsendung) — Seriendaten Originaltitel Johannes B. Kerner …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herman H. J. Lynge — Infobox Scientist name = Herman H. J. Lynge image width = 200px birth date = birth date|1822|11|13|mf=y birth place = Copenhagen, Denmark death date = death date and age|1897|5|12|1822|11|13|mf=y death place = Copenhagen, Denmark nationality =… …   Wikipedia

  • Johannes Theodor Toorop — Die Drei Bräute Jan Toorop (* 20. Dezember 1858 in Poerworedjo, (Java); † 3. März 1928 in Den Haag; eigentlich Johannes Theodor Toorop) war ein niederländischer Maler. Toorop ist hauptsächlich als Maler des Jugendstils und des …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Herman Nohl — (* 7. Oktober 1879 in Berlin; † 27. September 1960 in Göttingen) war ein deutscher Pädagoge und Philosoph. Er erhielt 1919 einen Ruf an die Universität Jena, 1920 an die Universität Göttingen. 1937 wurde er entlassen und nach Ende der… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”