- Holy Alliance
The Holy Alliance was a
coalitionof Russia, Austriaand Prussiacreated in 1815at the behest of Tsar Alexander I of Russia, signed by the three powers in Vienna on September 26 1815. [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07398a.htm Holy Alliance] , " Catholic Encyclopedia"]
Ostensibly it was to instill the Christian values of charity and peace in European political life, but in practice
Klemens Wenzel von Metternichmade it a bastion against revolution. The monarchs of the three countries involved used this to band together in order to prevent revolutionary influence (especially from the French Revolution) from entering these nations. It was against democracy, revolution, and secularism. Except for Great Britain, the Vatican and the Ottoman Empire, all other European nations joined. The Holy Alliance was, in a manner of speaking, the first modern international peacekeeping organization, although it was rooted in their own models of politics. The Alliance is usually associated with the Quadruple and Quintuple Alliances, which included the United Kingdomand (from 1818) Francewith the aim of upholding the European peace settlement concluded at the Congress of Vienna. The Alliance was conventionally taken to have become defunct with Alexander's death in 1825. The Holy Alliance also tried to interfere with Latin America, and was stopped by British disapproval and the Monroe Doctrineof United States President James Monroe.
*Ghervas, Stella. "Réinventer la tradition. Alexandre Stourdza et l'Europe de la Sainte-Alliance." Paris, Honoré Champion, 2008. ISBN 978-2-7453-1669-1
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