Holy Alliance

Holy Alliance

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The Holy Alliance was a coalition of Russia, Austria and Prussia created in 1815 at the behest of Tsar Alexander I of Russia, signed by the three powers in Vienna on September 26 1815. [ [http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/07398a.htm Holy Alliance] , "Catholic Encyclopedia"]

Ostensibly it was to instill the Christian values of charity and peace in European political life, but in practice Klemens Wenzel von Metternich made it a bastion against revolution. The monarchs of the three countries involved used this to band together in order to prevent revolutionary influence (especially from the French Revolution) from entering these nations. It was against democracy, revolution, and secularism. Except for Great Britain, the Vatican and the Ottoman Empire, all other European nations joined. The Holy Alliance was, in a manner of speaking, the first modern international peacekeeping organization, although it was rooted in their own models of politics. The Alliance is usually associated with the Quadruple and Quintuple Alliances, which included the United Kingdom and (from 1818) France with the aim of upholding the European peace settlement concluded at the Congress of Vienna. The Alliance was conventionally taken to have become defunct with Alexander's death in 1825. The Holy Alliance also tried to interfere with Latin America, and was stopped by British disapproval and the Monroe Doctrine of United States President James Monroe.

References

*Ghervas, Stella. "Réinventer la tradition. Alexandre Stourdza et l'Europe de la Sainte-Alliance." Paris, Honoré Champion, 2008. ISBN 978-2-7453-1669-1


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  • Holy Alliance — • The Emperor Francis I of Austria, King Frederick William III of Prussia, and the Tsar Alexander I of Russia, signed a treaty on 26 September, 1815, by which they united in a Holy Alliance. Catholic Encyclopedia. Kevin Knight. 2006. Holy… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • Holy Alliance — Holy Ho ly, a. [Compar. {Holier}; superl. {Holiest}.] [OE. holi, hali, AS. h[=a]lig, fr. h[ae]l health, salvation, happiness, fr. h[=a]l whole, well; akin to OS. h?lag, D. & G. heilig, OHG. heilac, Dan. hellig, Sw. helig, Icel. heilagr. See… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Holy Alliance — n. an alliance formed in 1815 by the rulers of Russia, Austria, and Prussia to suppress the democratic revolutionary movement in Europe …   English World dictionary

  • Holy Alliance — a league formed by the principal sovereigns of Europe in 1815 with the professed object of promoting Christian brotherhood but the practical object of repressing democratic revolutions and institutions. The English and Turkish rulers and Pope… …   Universalium

  • Holy Alliance —    A compact signed by Austria, Prussia, and Russian in the wake of the Napoleonic Wars. Tsar Alexander I of Russia, acting under the influence of the religious mystic, Baroness von Krüdener, drew up a document declaring that the actions of… …   Encyclopedia of the Age of Imperialism, 1800–1914

  • HOLY ALLIANCE —    an alliance of the sovereigns of Russia, Austria, and Prussia on the fall of Napoleon, professedly for conservative ends, but really for the suppression of political liberty and the maintenance of absolute power …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Holy Alliance — noun Coalition of Russia, Austria and Prussia created in 1815 …   Wiktionary

  • Holy Alliance — Austria, Prussia, Russia (in 1815) …   Eponyms, nicknames, and geographical games

  • Holy Alliance — /hoʊli əˈlaɪəns/ (say hohlee uh luyuhns) noun a league formed by the principal sovereigns of Europe (without the pope and the rulers of Britain and Turkey) in 1815 after the fall of Napoleon, with the professed object of Christian brotherhood,… …   Australian-English dictionary

  • Holy Alliance — a league formed by the principal sovereigns of Europe in 1815 with the professed object of promoting Christian brotherhood but the practical object of repressing democratic revolutions and institutions. The English and Turkish rulers and Pope… …   Useful english dictionary

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