Name = KV62
Location = East Valley of the Kings
Date = 4 November 1922
Owner = Tutankhamun
Excavated = Howard Carter

Decoration=Opening of the Mouth ritual,
Amduat, Book of the Dead

Tomb KV62 in Egypt's Valley of the Kings is the Tomb of Tutankhamun, which became famous for the wealth of treasure it contained. [cite web|url=http://www.digitalegypt.ucl.ac.uk/chronology/tutankhamun.html|title=Tutankhamun|accessdate=2007-06-10|publisher=University College London] The tomb was discovered in 1922 by Howard Carter, underneath the remains of workmen's huts built during the Ramesside Period; this explains why it was spared from the worst of the tomb depredations of that time.

The tomb was densely packed with items in great disarray. Carter was able to photograph garlands of flowers, which disintegrated when touched. Due to the state of the tomb, and to Carter's meticulous recording technique, the tomb took nearly a decade to empty, the contents all being transported to the Egyptian Museum in Cairo.

Tutankhamun's tomb had been entered at least twice, not long after he was buried and well before Carter's discovery. The outermost doors of the shrines enclosing the king's nested coffins were left opened, and unsealed. It is estimated that 60% of the jewelry which had been stored in the "Treasury" was removed as well. After one of these ancient robberies, some items from KV62 are believed to have been buried at KV54.

Discovery of the tomb

In 1907, just before his discovery of the tomb of Horemheb, Theodore M. Davis's team uncovered a small site containing funerary artifacts with Tutankhamun's name. Assuming that the site was Tutankhamun's complete tomb, Davis concluded the dig. The details of both findings are documented in Davis's 1912 publication, "The Tombs of Harmhabi and Touatânkhamanou"; the book closes with the comment, "I fear that the Valley of Kings is now exhausted." [cite book|last=Davis|first=Theodore M.|title=The Tombs of Harmhabi and Touatânkhamanou|location=London|publisher=Duckworth Publishing|year=2001|id=ISBN 0-7156-3072-5] But Davis was to be proven spectacularly wrong.

The British Egyptologist Howard Carter (employed by Lord Carnarvon) discovered Tutankhamun's tomb (since designated KV62) in The Valley of The Kings on 4 November, 1922 near the entrance to the tomb of Ramesses VI, thereby setting off a renewed interest in all things Egyptian in the modern world. Carter contacted his patron, and on 26 November that year both men became the first people to enter Tutankhamun's tomb in over 3000 years. After many weeks of careful excavation, on 16 February, 1923 Carter opened the inner chamber and first saw the sarcophagus of Tutankhamun.


;1922The first step to the stairs were found on 4 November. [cite web|url=http://griffith.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/gri/4sea1not.html|title=Howard Carter's diaries (28 October to 31 December, 1922)|accessdate=2007-06-04] The following day saw the exposure of complete staircase. The end of November saw access to the Antechamber and discovered of Annexe, and then to the Burial Chamber and Treasury.

On 29 November, the tomb was officially opened, and the first announcement and press conference followed the next day, The first item was removed from the tomb on 27 December. [cite web|url=http://griffith.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/gri/4macedia.html|title=A. C. Mace's personal diary of the first excavation season (27 December, 1922 to 13 May, 1923)|accessdate=2007-06-04]

16 February saw the official opening of the Burial Chamber [cite web|url=http://www.ashmolean.museum/gri/4sea1no2.html|title=Howard Carter's diaries (1 January to 31 May, 1923)|accessdate=2007-06-04] , and 5 April saw the death of Lord Carnarvon.

;1924On 12 February the granite lid of the sarcophagus was raised. [cite web|url=http://www.ashmolean.museum/gri/4sea2not.html|title=Howard Carter's diaries (3 October, 1923 to 11 February, 1924)|accessdate=2007-06-04] In April, Carter argued with the Antiquities Service, and left the excavation for the United States.

;1925In January, Carter resumed activities in the tomb, and on 13 October he removed the cover of the first sarcophagus, 23 October removed the cover of the second sarcophagus, 28 October the team removed the cover of the final sarcophagus and exposure of the mummy, and on 11 November the examination of the remains of Tutankhamun started.;1926Work started in the Treasury on 24 October.

;1927Between 30 October and 15 December, the Annexe was emptied and examined.

;1930On 10 November, 8 years after the discovery, the last objects are removed from the tomb. [cite web|url=http://griffith.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/gri/4sea9not.html|title=Howard Carter's diaries (September 24 to November 10, 1930)|accessdate=2007-06-04]

Layout of tomb

In design, the tomb appears to have originally been intended for a private individual, not for royalty. [cite web|url=http://www.thebanmappingproject.com/sites/browse_tomb_876.html|title= KV 62 (Tutankhamen)|accessdate=2007-06-10] There is some evidence to suggest that the tomb was hastily adapted for a royal occupant during its excavation.Fact|date=June 2007 This may be supported by the fact that only the burial chamber walls were decorated, unlike royal tombs in which nearly all walls were painted with scenes from the "Book of the Dead."


Starting from a small, level platform, 16 steps descend to the first doorway, which was sealed and plastered – although it had been penetrated by grave robbers at least twice.

Entrance corridor

Beyond the first doorway, a descending corridor leads to the second sealed door, and into the room that Carter described as the Antechamber. This was used originally to hold material left over from the funeral and material associated with the embalming of the king, after the initial robberies this material was either moved into the tomb proper, or moved to KV54.


The undecorated Antechamber was found to be in a state of "organized chaos" and contained approximately 700 objects (articles 14 to 171 in the Carter catalog) amongst which were three funeral beds, plates in shape of Hippopotamus (the Goddess Tawaret), of lion (or leopards) and cattle (the Goddess Hathor). Perhaps the most remarkable item in this room were the components, stacked, of four chariots of which one was probably used for hunting, one for "war" and another two for parades.

Burial chamber

;DecorationThis is the only decorated chamber in the tomb, with scenes from the Opening of the Mouth ritual (showing Ay, Tutankhamun's successor acting as the king's son, despite being older than him) and Tutankhamun with the goddess Nut on the north wall, the first hour of Amduat (on the west wall), spell one of the Book of the Dead (on the east wall) and representations of the king with various deities (Anubis, Isis, Hathor and others now destroyed) on the south wall. The north wall shows Tutankhamen being followed by his Ka, being welcomed to the underworld by Osiris.cite web|url=http://www.thebanmappingproject.com/sites/browse_component_396.html|title= KV 62 (Tutankhamen): Burial chamber J|accessdate=2007-06-10]

;ContentsThe entire chamber was occupied by a series of gilded wooden shrines. The outer shrine ( [1] in the cross-section) measured 5.08 x 3.28 x 2.75 m and 32 mm thick, almost entirely filling the room, with only 60 cm at either end and less than 30 cm on the sides. Outside of the shrines were 11 paddles for the "solar boat", containers for scents, lamps decorated images of the God Hapi.

The fourth and last shrine ( [4] ) was 2.90 m long and 1.48 m wide. The walls were decorated by the king's funeral procession, and Nut was painted on the ceiling, "embracing" with her wings the granite outer sarcophagus.

arcophagus of Tutankhamun

The outer sarcophagus was constructed in granite ( [a] in the cross-section). The main body and the lid were carved from different coloured stone at each corner, it appears to have been constructed for a different owner, but then recarved for Tutankhamen, the identity of the original owner is not preserved. In each corner a protective goddess (Isis, Nephthys, Serket and Neith) guard the body.

Inside the stone sarcophagus, the king's body was placed within three further mummy form sarcophagi, the innermost being famously composed of 110.4 kg of pure gold. [cite web|url=http://griffith.ashmus.ox.ac.uk/gri/tut-files/TAA_i_3_10_2.html|title=Note concerning the 3rd Coffin|accessdate=2007-06-10] Inside this the mummy itself was wearing the famous gold mask. The famous funerary mask of Tutankhamun proved to be made of "gold, lapis lazuli, carnelian, quartz, obsidian, turquoise and glass paste" and weighed 11 kg. [Alessandro Bongioanni & Maria Croce (ed.), The Treasures of Ancient Egypt: From the Egyptian Museum in Cairo, Universe Publishing, a division of Ruzzoli Publications Inc., 2003. p.310]


The 'Annex', originally used store oils, ointments, scents, foods and wine, was the last room to be cleared, from the end of October 1927 to the spring of 1928. Although quite small in size, it contained approximately 280 groups of objects, totaling more than 2,000 individual pieces.

Present day

As of 2007, the tomb is open for visitors, as an additional charge above that of the price of general access to the Valley of the Kings. It has been announced that the number of visitors will be limited to 400 per day, as of May 2008. [cite web|url=http://www.sis.gov.eg/En/EgyptOnline/Culture/000001/0203000000000000000872.htm|title=400 visitors to Tutankhamun's tomb|work=Egypt State Information Service|accessdate=2007-11-13]

Notes and references


* "The Discovery of the Tomb of Tutankhamen", by Howard Carter, Arthur C. Mace.
* "The Complete Tutankhamun: The King, the Tomb, the Royal Treasure", by C. N. Reeves, Nicholas Reeves, Richard H. Wilkinson.
* Reeves, N & Wilkinson, R.H. The Complete Valley of the Kings, 1996, Thames and Hudson, London
* Siliotti, A. Guide to the Valley of the Kings and to the Theban Necropolises and Temples, 1996, A.A. Gaddis, Cairo

External links

* – Plans of the tomb and other details

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужно решить контрольную?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • KV62 — Grabmal von Tutanchamun Ort Tal der Könige Entdeckungsdatum 4. November 1922 Ausgrabung Howard Carter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • KV62 — Tutankamón Ubicación Valle de los Reyes Descubierta 4 de noviembre 1922 Excavada por Howard Carter Altura max. 3,68 m Anchura max. 7,86 …   Wikipedia Español

  • KV62 — Tombeau de Toutânkhamon 25° 44′ 25″ N 32° 36′ 05″ E / 25.740361, 32.601444 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • KV62 —    The tomb of Tutankhamun in the Valley of the Kings. It was discovered intact by Howard Carter in 1922. It consists of three rooms on one level: an antechamber leading to the main burial chamber and a storage annex off the antechamber. Only the …   Ancient Egypt

  • KV 62 — KV62 Grabmal von Tutanchamun Ort Tal der Könige Entdeckungsdatum 4. November 1922 Ausgrabung Howard Carter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tutanchamuns Grab — KV62 Grabmal von Tutanchamun Ort Tal der Könige Entdeckungsdatum 4. November 1922 Ausgrabung Howard Carter …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Fluch des Pharao — Howard Carter blickt am rechten Türflügel des innersten Schreins vorbei auf den Quarzit Sarkophag Tutanchamuns. Hinter ihm ein ägyptischer Vorarbeiter und Arthur R. Callender.[1] [2]  …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Tutankamon — Tutankhamón Faraón de la Dinastía XVIII de Egipto Máscara funeraria de Tu …   Wikipedia Español

  • Valley of the Kings — The Valley of the Kings (Arabic: وادي الملوك Wadi Biban el Muluk ; Gates of the King ) [Reeves and Wilkinson (1996), p.6] is a valley in Egypt where, for a period of nearly 500 years from the 16th to 11th century BC, tombs were constructed for… …   Wikipedia

  • Howard Carter — (1924) Howard Carter (* 9. Mai 1874 in Kensington; † 2. März 1939 in London) war ein britischer Ägyptologe. Bekannt wurde Howard Carter durch die Entdeckung des nahezu unversehrten Grabes des Tutanchamun (KV62) im …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”