- Thomas W. Osborn
Thomas Ward Osborn (
March 9, 1833- December 18, 1898) was a Union Armyofficer and United States Senator representing Florida.
Thomas Osborn was born in
Scotch Plains, New Jersey, the son of John and Amelia Osborn. He and his family moved to North Wilna, New Yorkin 1842 where he worked on the family farm until 1854. In 1854, Osborn took college preparatory courses and, in 1860, he graduated from Madison University (now Colgate University) of Hamilton, New York.
After graduating, Osborn worked in a law office in
Watertown, New Yorkand was admitted to the New York bar associationin 1861.
American Civil Warlooming, Osborn did not practice law for long. After the First Battle of Bull Runin 1861, he entered the Union Armyas lieutenant. From his home Jefferson County, New York, Osborn raised a company for light artilleryservice which became known as Company (or Battery) D, First Regiment, New York Light Artillery.
Osborn's company served with the
Army of the Potomacearning high marks and he was promoted to captain, major and colonel. As major, Osborn served under Major General Oliver O. Howardin the XI Corps leading in exemplary fashion (although the XI Corps was routed in both the Battle of Chancellorsvilleand Battle of Gettysburg). Osborn commanded the corps' artillery brigade at Gettysburg, and he was involved in the defense of Cemetery Hillon July 2, 1863, when the position was attacked by troops of MG Jubal Early.
Osborn transferred to the Western theater with Howard. He served as
inspector generalwhen Howard became commander of the Army of the Tennessee. He left a detailed account of MG William T. Sherman's March to the Sea.
Reconstruction and politics
After Osborn's military service ended, he was appointed assistant
commissionerfor the Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen and Abandoned Landsas part of Reconstruction in Florida in 1865 and 1866. He also practiced law while living in Tallahassee, Florida.
Osborn was a member of the State constitutional convention which created The 1868 Florida Constitution. He then moved to
Pensacola, Floridaand was elected to the Florida Senate.
Shortly thereafter, Florida was reinstated to the U.S. Congress. While still only in his mid-30s, Osborn was elected to the United States Senate as a Republican and served from 1868 to 1873.
Osborn did not run for reelection in 1872. He served as the U.S. commissioner at the
Centennial Expositionin Philadelphia, Pennsylvaniain 1876, the first official world's fair in the United States.
In his retirement, Osborn engaged in law and literature in
New York Citywhere he died in 1898. Thomas Osborn is interred at Hillside Cemetery in North Adams, Massachusetts.
List of United States Senators from Florida
U.S. Congressional Delegations from Florida
*CongBio|O000109 Retrieved on
* 224 pp. ISBN 0-9622393-4-8.
* Thomas Ward Osborn, "The fiery trail: a Union officer's account of Sherman's last campaigns", Knoxville: University of Tennessee Press, 1986. 238 pp. ISBN 0-8704-9500-3
* 843 pp. [http://www.amazon.com/o/ASIN/B0008945NG ASIN B0008945NG]
* [http://home.att.net/~osborne-origins/biograph/bio25.htm#Osborn_Thomas_W3 Thomas W. Osborn biography excerpt from the John A. Haddock book]
* [http://www.13nybattery.com/battles/osborn_gettys.htm Major Osborn's report from the Battle of Gettysburg]
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Simon B. Conover
alongside=Adonijah S. Welch,
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