Specialisation, also spelled Specialization, is an important way to generate propositional knowledge, by applying general knowledge, such as the theory of gravity, to specific instances, such as "when I release this apple, it will fall to the floor". Specialization is the opposite of generalization.

The period of time when the world made the largest productivity gains is the industrial revolution. The major reason for increase in productivity is the increase in specialization during production process.

Types of Specialization:

Geographical Specialization: land use in Canada is naturally suited to specific situation.

Labor Specialization: achieved when the production process is broken into tiny tasks. The idea is referred to as the division of labor.

Concept B is a specialization of concept A if and only if:
* every instance of concept B is also an instance of concept A; and
* there are instances of concept A which are not instances of concept B.

For instance, 'Bird' is a specialization of 'Animal' because every birdis an animal, and there are animals which are not birds (dogs, forinstance).

In logic, specialization occurs when you take a statement such as:

: "All cars are red"

And use it to derive statements such as:

: "My car is red": "Fred's car is red"

ee also

*Specialization (biology)
*Specialization (functional)
*Cell differentiation
*Division of labour

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • specialization — index calling, pursuit (occupation), specialty (special aptitude) Burton s Legal Thesaurus. William C. Burton. 2006 …   Law dictionary

  • Specialization — Spe cial*i*za tion, n. 1. The act of specializing, or the state of being spezialized. [1913 Webster] 2. (Biol.) The setting apart of a particular organ for the performance of a particular function. Darwin. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • specialization — (n.) 1843; see SPECIALIZE (Cf. specialize) + ATION (Cf. ation) …   Etymology dictionary

  • specialization — (Amer.) spe·cial·i·za·tion || ‚speʃəlÉ™ zeɪʃn / laɪ n. act of specializing; uniqueness, specific action; making something appropriate for a specific purpose; (Biology) structural adaptation of certain part of the body for a specific… …   English contemporary dictionary

  • specialization — noun ADJECTIVE ▪ increased, increasing ▪ academic, professional ▪ economic ▪ There has been increased economic specialization throughout the country …   Collocations dictionary

  • specialization — specialize spe‧cial‧ize [ˈspeʆəlaɪz] also specialise verb [intransitive] COMMERCE to limit all or most of your business to a particular activity: specialize in • The firm specializes in small business manangement …   Financial and business terms

  • Specialization — A method of production where a business or area focuses on the production of a limited scope of products or services in order to gain greater degrees of productive efficiency within the entire system of businesses or areas. Many countries… …   Investment dictionary

  • specialization — UK [ˌspeʃəlaɪˈzeɪʃ(ə)n] / US [ˌspeʃ(ə)lɪˈzeɪʃ(ə)n] noun Word forms specialization : singular specialization plural specializations a) [uncountable] the study of a particular part of a wider subject The course offers three areas of specialization… …   English dictionary

  • specialization — 1. Professional attention limited to a particular specialty or subject area for study, research, and/or treatment. 2. SYN: differentiation (1). * * * spe·cial·iza·tion .spesh (ə )lə zā shən also Brit spe·cial·isa·tion .spesh ə .lī n …   Medical dictionary

  • specialization — noun Date: 1843 1. a making or becoming specialized 2. a. structural adaptation of a body part to a particular function or of an organism for life in a particular environment b. a body part or an organism adapted by specialization …   New Collegiate Dictionary

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