- Earl of Northumbria
Earl of Northumbria was a title in the Anglo-Danish, late Anglo-Saxon, and early
Anglo-Normanperiod in England. The earldom of Northumbriawas the successor of the ealdormanry of Bamburgh, itself the successor of an independent Bernicia. Under the Norse kingdom of York, there were earls of Deira. Eventually all Northumbria was united under the Bernician dynasty. This dynasty held onto Bernicia until 1041, but from 1016there were other earls in York who were appointed by King Canute the Greatover all Northumbria. It was itself broken up in the early Norman period and dissolved into the earldoms of Yorkand Northumberland, with much land going to the prince-bishopric of Durham.
The earls were:
*Osulf I (
954- 963), Earl of Berniciafrom 930
*Oslac of Northumbria, exiled in 975
*Waltheof I (
Uhtred the Bold( 1006- 1016)
Eric of Hlathir/ Eirik Håkonson( 1016- 1023)
1031- 1055), without underlings in Bernicia from 1041
*Osulf II (
Robert Comine( 1068- 1069)
"Vacant during the
Harrying of the Northuntil..."
1070- 1072, [cite book | title= The Complete Peerage| publisher=The St. Catherine Press. 1936 | location=London | pages=9:704–5] again
*Waltheof II (
William Walcher( 1075- 1080), also prince-bishop of Durham
Aubrey de Coucy( 1080), perhaps formally until 1086
Robert de Mowbray( 1086- 1095)
Hugh de Puiset, the Bishop of Durhamin 1189, and held until 1191 or so.cite book |author=Barlow, Frank |title=The Feudal Kingdom of England 1042-1216|authorlink=Frank Barlow (historian)|edition=Fourth Edition |pages=pp. 352-352 |publisher=Longman |location=New York |year=1988 |isbn=0-582-49504-0 ]
"Vacant until the
First Barons' War, when the barons of Northumberland and York did homage to ..."
Alexander II of Scotland, 1215- 1217
** Surrendered to
Henry III of England, 1217
List of monarchs of Northumbria
Earl of York
Earl of Northumberland
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