Earl of Northumbria

Earl of Northumbria

Earl of Northumbria was a title in the Anglo-Danish, late Anglo-Saxon, and early Anglo-Norman period in England. The earldom of Northumbria was the successor of the ealdormanry of Bamburgh, itself the successor of an independent Bernicia. Under the Norse kingdom of York, there were earls of Deira. Eventually all Northumbria was united under the Bernician dynasty. This dynasty held onto Bernicia until 1041, but from 1016 there were other earls in York who were appointed by King Canute the Great over all Northumbria. It was itself broken up in the early Norman period and dissolved into the earldoms of York and Northumberland, with much land going to the prince-bishopric of Durham.

The earls were:

*Osulf I (954-963), Earl of Bernicia from 930
*Oslac of Northumbria, exiled in 975
*Waltheof I (963-995)
*Uhtred the Bold (1006-1016)
*Eric of Hlathir/Eirik Håkonson (1016-1023)
*Siward (1031-1055), without underlings in Bernicia from 1041
*Tostig (1055-1065)
*Morcar (1065-1066)
*Copsi (1067)
*Osulf II (1067)
*Gospatric (1067-1068)
*Robert Comine (1068-1069)

"Vacant during the Harrying of the North until..."

*Gospatric (1070-1072, [cite book | title=The Complete Peerage | publisher=The St. Catherine Press. 1936 | location=London | pages=9:704–5] again
*Waltheof II (1072-1075)
*William Walcher (1075-1080), also prince-bishop of Durham
*Aubrey de Coucy (1080), perhaps formally until 1086
*Robert de Mowbray (1086-1095)

"Vacant until Stephen was pressured by David of Scotland to grant to ..."
* Henry of Scotland, 1139-1152
* William of Scotland, 1152-1157
** Deprived of title and lands by Henry II of England, 1157

"Purchased by Hugh de Puiset, the Bishop of Durham in 1189, and held until 1191 or so.cite book |author=Barlow, Frank |title=The Feudal Kingdom of England 1042-1216|authorlink=Frank Barlow (historian)|edition=Fourth Edition |pages=pp. 352-352 |publisher=Longman |location=New York |year=1988 |isbn=0-582-49504-0 ]

"Vacant until the First Barons' War, when the barons of Northumberland and York did homage to ..."
* Alexander II of Scotland, 1215-1217
** Surrendered to Henry III of England, 1217

ee also

*List of monarchs of Northumbria
*Earl of York
*Earl of Northumberland

Notes


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Earl of Northumbria — war ein Titel in der anglodänischen, späten angelsächsischen und frühen anglonormannischen Zeit in England. Das Earldom Northumbria war der Nachfolger der Ealdormanry Bamburgh, die wiederum die Nachfolgerin des unabhängigen Königreichs Bernicia… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Gospatric, Earl of Northumbria — Gospatric or Cospatric (from the Cumbric Servant of Saint Patrick ), (died after 1073), was Earl of Northumbria, or of Bernicia, and later lord of sizable estates around Dunbar. While his ancestry is uncertain, his descendants held the Earldom of …   Wikipedia

  • Siward, Earl of Northumbria — Sigurd Björnsson, also known as Siward the Dane (died 1055), was an English nobleman in the eleventh century, and the earl of Northumbria. Siward was allegedly a descendant of the Danish royal family, whose ancestors may have arrived in England a …   Wikipedia

  • Waltheof II, Earl of Northumbria — Waltheof (1050 31 May 1076), Earl of Northumbria and last of the Anglo Saxon earls. He was the only English aristocrat to be formally executed during the reign of William I. He was reputed for his physical strength but was weak and unreliable in… …   Wikipedia

  • Waltheof II., Earl of Northumbria — Waltheof (* 1050; † 31. Mai 1076) war Earl of Northumbria und der letzte angelsächsische Earl. Darüber hinaus war er der einzige Aristokrat, der zur Zeit des Königs Wilhelm der Eroberer hingerichtet wurde. Er war von großer Körperkraft,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Henry, Earl of Northumbria — Coin image box 1 double header = Henry of Scotland: penny hbkg = #abcdef caption left = hENRICVS • [F RE?] , crowned bust right, sceptre before caption right = +EREBALD: ON [C] OREB:, cross moline with fleur in each angle within tressure. width …   Wikipedia

  • Waltheof I, Earl of Northumbria — Waltheof I was the earl of Northumbria (963 995), the son and successor of Osulf I. His name is Scandinavian and implies that he had Viking ancestors. It remained in his family when Earl Siward married his great granddaughter and named his son… …   Wikipedia

  • Northumbria — um 800 n. Chr. Northumbria (auch: Northhumbria, Northumbrien, Norþhymbra Rīce) war eines der angelsächsischen Kleinkönigreiche von England während der Heptarchie. Es entstand 604 durch die Vereinigung von Deira und Bernicia und bestand bis zu… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Earl of Northumberland — ist ein erblicher britischer Adelstitel, der mehrmals in der Peerage of England und zuletzt in der Peerage of Great Britain verliehen wurde. Er wird nunmehr von der Familie Percy als nachgeorneter Titel zur Würde des Duke of Northumberland… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Northumbria — This article is about the medieval English kingdom. For the Old English dialect, see Northumbrian (Old English). For the modern county, see Northumberland. Kingdom of Northumbria Norþanhymbra ← …   Wikipedia

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