Sigismund (variants: Sigmund, [http://de.wikipedia.org/wiki/Siegmund Siegmund] ) is a German proper name, meaning "protection through victory", from
Old High German"sigu" "victory" + "munt" "hand, protection". TacitusLatinises it "Segimundus". It looks like there is an older form of the High German word "Sieg" (victory): "sigis", obviously Gothic and an inferred Germanic form, and there is a younger form: "sigi", which is Old Saxonor Old High German"sigu" (both from about 9th century). A 5th century Prince of Burgundy was known both as "Sigismund" and "Sigimund" (see Ernst Förstemann, Altdeutsche Personennamen, 1906; Henning Kaufmann, Altdeutsche Personennamen, Ergänzungsband,1968).
A Lithuanian name Žygimantas, meaning "wealth of (military) campaign", from Lithuanian "žygis" "campaign, march" + "manta" "goods, wealth" has been a substitution of the name "Sigismund" in the Lithuanian language, from which it was adopted by the
Ruthenian languageas Жыгімонт (such are the cases of Sigismund Kestutaitis, Sigismund Korybut, Sigismund I the Old, Sigismund II Augustus).
Sigismund was the name of several European nobles:
Sigismund of Burgundy(died 523), King of the Burgundians
Sigismund, Holy Roman Emperor, Sigismund of Luxembourg (1368–1437), Holy Roman Emperor, King of Bohemia and Hungary
Sigismund Kestutaitis(c.1350–1440), Grand Duke of Lithuania
Sigismund Korybut(c.1395-c.1435), Lithuanian Duke, participated in Hussite Wars
Sigismund, Archduke of Austria(1427–1496), ruler of Further Austria
Archduke Sigismund Francis of Austria(1630-1665), ruler of Further Austria
Sigismund of Bavaria(1439–1501), a Duke of Bavaria
Sigismund I the Old(1467–1548), King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania
Sigismund II Augustus(1520–1572), King of Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania
Sigismund III Vasa(1566–1632), King of Sweden (as Sigismund) and Poland, Grand Duke of Lithuania
Sigismund Báthory(1572–1613), Prince of Transylvania
Prince Sigismund of Prussia (1864-1866), the fourth child of Friedrich III, German Emperor and Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom
Sigismund/Siegmund may also refer to:
* Brother Sigismund of the
Black Templars, founder of the Black Templars
Sigismund (bell), a famous bell in the Wawel Cathedral in Kraków, cast in 1520
* Siegmund, a focal character in Richard Wagner's "
* "Wilhelm Gottsreich Sigismond von Ormstein, Grand Duke of Cassel-Felstein", fictional King of Bohemia in "
A Scandal in Bohemia" (Sherlock Holmes adventure)
* Sigismund the mad maths teacher, a character in the
Nigel Molesworthschool stories
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