- Eóganan mac Óengusa
Uuen [Wen] or Eogán in Gaelic (commonly referred to by the
hypocoristic"Eóganán") was king of the Picts, or of Fortriu(as it was known in Ireland at the time), in modern Scotland.
Uuen was a son of Onuist II [son of] Uurguist [Wrguist] (in Gaelic: Óengus II mac Fergusa, died 834) and succeeded his cousin Drest mac Caustantín as king in 836 or 837. The sole notice of Uuen in the
Irish annalsis the report of his death, together with his brother Bran and "Áed mac Boanta, and others almost innumerable" in a battle fought by the men of Fortriu against Vikingsin 839. [Reported in the " Annals of Ulster", s.a. 839.] This defeat appears to have ended the century-long domination of Pictland by the descendants of Onuist I [son of] Wrguist (in Gaelic: Óengus I mac Fergusa. [Broun, "Pictish Kings", p. 75.; Clancy, "Caustantín"; Smyth, pp. 180–181.]
If the annalistic record is short, there are other traditions relating to Uuenn. He is named by the
St Andrewsfoundation tale as one of the sons of Onuist who met with Saint Regulusat Forteviotwhen the Saint supposedly brought the relics of Saint Andrewto Scotland. [Broun, "Pictish Kings", p. 81 and note 27.] Along with his uncle Caustantín, Uuen appears to have been a patron of the Northumbrian monasteries as he is named in the "Liber Vitae Dunelmensis", which contains a list of those for whom prayers were said, dating from around 840. [Forsyth, "Lost Pictish source", p. 25.]
Uuen, his father, his uncle and his cousin Domnall appear in the "
Duan Albanach", a praise poem from the reign of Máel Coluim (III) mac Donnchada listing Máel Coluim's predecessors as kings of Scots, of Alba and of Dál Riatafrom Fergus Mórand his brothers onwards. Their inclusion in this source and its like is thought to be due to their importance to the foundation traditions of Dunkeldand St Andrews. [Broun, "Pictish Kings", p. 81.]
On Uuen's death the
Pictish Chronicleking lists have him followed by the short reigns of Uurad(Ferat) and Uurad's sons Bridei, Cináed and Drest, by Bridei son of Fochel (Uuthoil) and, the eventual victor and founder of a new ruling clan, by Cináed mac Ailpín (Ciniod [son of] Elphin).
* Anderson, Alan Orr, "Early Sources of Scottish History A.D 500–1286", volume 1. Reprinted with corrections, Stamford: Paul Watkins, 1990. ISBN 1-871615-03-8
* Broun, Dauvit, "Pictish Kings 761-839: Integration with Dál Riata or Separate Development" in Sally Foster (ed.) "The St Andrews Sarcophagus: A Pictish masterpiece and its international connections." Dublin: Four Courts Press, 1998. ISBN 1-85182-414-6
* Clancy, Thomas Owen, "Caustantín son of Fergus (Uurgust)" in M. Lynch (ed.) "The Oxford Companion to Scottish History." Oxford & New York: Oxford UP, 2002. ISBN 0-19-211696-7
* Forsyth, Katherine, "Evidence of a lost Pictish source in the "Historia Regum Anglorum" of
Symeon of Durham", in Simon Taylor (ed.) "Kings, clerics and chronicles in Scotland, 500-1297: essays in honour of Marjorie Ogilvie Anderson on the occasion of her ninetieth birthday." Dublin: Four Courts Press, 2000. ISBN 1-85182-516-9
* Smyth, Alfred P. "Warlords and Holy Men: Scotland AD 80-1000." Reprinted, Edinburgh: Edinburgh UP, 1998. ISBN 0-7486-0100-7
* [http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/G100001A/index.html Annals of Ulster, part 1, at CELT] ( [http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T100001A/index.html translated] )
* [http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/G100028/text002.html Duan Albanach, at CELT] ( [http://www.ucc.ie/celt/published/T100028/text002.html translated] )
* [http://www.mimas.ac.uk/~zzalsaw2/pictish.html The Pictish Chronicle]
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