American Philosophical Society

American Philosophical Society

Infobox_nrhp | name =American Philosophical Society Hall
nrhp_type = nhl

caption = American Philosophical Society, 2006
location= 104 S. Fifth St.
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
lat_degrees = 39
lat_minutes = 56
lat_seconds = 55.51
lat_direction = N
long_degrees = 75
long_minutes = 8
long_seconds = 59.42
long_direction = W
locmapin = Pennsylvania
area =
built =1768
architect= Samuel Vaughan
architecture= Georgian
added = October 15, 1966
governing_body = Private
refnum=66000675cite web|url=|title=National Register Information System|date=2007-01-23|work=National Register of Historic Places|publisher=National Park Service]
The American Philosophical Society is a discussion group founded in 1743 by Benjamin Franklin as an offshoot of his earlier club, the Junto. Through research grants, published journals, the upkeep of an extensive library, and regular meetings, the society continues to advance careful study in a wide variety of disciplines in the humanities and the sciences.


From the beginning, the Society attracted some of America's finest minds. Early members included George Washington, John Adams, Thomas Jefferson, Alexander Hamilton, Thomas Paine, David Rittenhouse, Owen Biddle, Benjamin Rush, James Madison, Michael Hillegas, and John Marshall. The Society also drew philosophers from other nations as members, including Alexander von Humboldt, the Marquis de Lafayette, Baron von Steuben, Tadeusz Kościuszko, and Yekaterina Romanovna Vorontsova-Dashkova.

By 1746 the Society had lapsed into inactivity. In 1767, however, it was revived, and, on January 2, 1769, it united with the American Society for Promoting Useful Knowledge under the name "American Philosophical Society Held at Philadelphia for Promoting Useful Knowledge". Benjamin Franklin was elected first president of the group. [ [ New International Encyclopedia] ]

After the American Revolution, the Society looked for leadership to Francis Hopkinson, one of the signatories of the Declaration of Independence. Under his influence, the Society received land from the government of Pennsylvania, along with a plot of land in Philadelphia where Philosophical Hall now stands.

Illustrious names have continually been added to the membership roster, reflecting the society's scope. Charles Darwin, Robert Frost, Louis Pasteur, Elizabeth Cabot Agassiz, John James Audubon, Linus Pauling, Margaret Mead, Maria Mitchell, and Thomas Edison became members of the Society. The Society continues to attract names of high renown today, with a current membership list (as of the April 2005 elections) of 920 members, including 772 Resident members (citizens or residents of the United States) and 148 Foreign members representing more than two dozen countries.


In 1786, the Society established the Magellanic Premium, a prize for achievement in "navigation, astronomy, or natural philosophy", the oldest scientific prize awarded by an American institution, which it still awards. Other awards include the Barzun prize for cultural history, Judson Daland Prize for Outstanding Achievement in Clinical Investigation, the Franklin medal, the Lashley award for neurobiology, the Lewis award, and the Jefferson medal for distinguished achievement in the arts, humanities, or social sciences.


The APS has published the "Transactions of the American Philosophical Society" since 1771. Currently five issues appear each year. The "Proceedings" have appeared since 1838: they publish the papers delivered at the biannual meetings of the Society. The Society has also published the collected papers of Benjamin Franklin, Joseph Henry, William Penn, and Lewis and Clark.


The American Philosophical Society Museum host exhibitions exploring history, art, and science using its collections. Opened in 2001, the museum is located at the Society's Philosophical Hall, adjacent to Independence Hall, at 104 South Fifth Street in Philadelphia. The Museum in Philosophical Hall features revolving, thematic exhibitions that explore the intersections of history, art, and science. It includes a focus on the early days of Philadelphia and the nation. Exhibitions include works of art, scientific instruments, original manuscripts, rare books, natural history specimens, and curiosities of all kinds from the APS's own collections, along with one-of-a-kind objects on loan from other institutions. [citation | title= American Philosophical Society Museum: About | publisher=ARTINFO | year=2008 | url= | accessdate=2008-07-25 ]

Admission donations are requested.


External links

* [ The American Philosophical Society]
* [ American Philosophical Society Museum]
* [ American Philosophical Society publications]
* [ Notes on the American Philosophical Society from the Scholarly Societies project]
* [ Listing and photographs of Philosophical Hall] at the Historic American Buildings Survey
* [ Listing of Philosophical Hall] at Philadelphia Architects and Buildings

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • American Philosophical Society — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda La American Philosophical Society (Sociedad Filosófica Estadounidense) es un grupo de discusión o club fundado bajo el nombre de Junto en 1743 por Benjamin Franklin en Filadelfia. Las actividades del grupo eran… …   Wikipedia Español

  • American Philosophical Society — ▪ science organization  oldest extant learned society in the United States, founded under the impetus of Benjamin Franklin (Franklin, Benjamin) in 1743. At the beginning of the 21st century, it had more than 850 members, elected for their… …   Universalium

  • American Philosophical Society — Westseite der American Philosophical Society. Die American Philosophical Society wurde 1743 von Benjamin Franklin und John Bartram in Philadelphia gegründet. Durch Forschungsstipendien, die Herausgabe von Zeitschriften, die Unterhaltung einer… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • American Philosophical Society — Société philosophique américaine La Société philosophique américaine (en anglais : American Philosophical Society) est un cercle de discussions fondé sous le nom de Junto en 1743 par Benjamin Franklin à Philadelphie. Les activités de ce… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • American philosophical society — Société philosophique américaine La Société philosophique américaine (en anglais : American Philosophical Society) est un cercle de discussions fondé sous le nom de Junto en 1743 par Benjamin Franklin à Philadelphie. Les activités de ce… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Proceedings of the American Philosophical Society — is a quarterly philosophy journal published by the American Philosophical Society since 1838.External links* [http://www.aps APS Proceedings Online] …   Wikipedia

  • University Philosophical Society — Founded 1683 Home Page Council of the University Philosophical Society, 327th Session President Eoin O Liatháin Secretary …   Wikipedia

  • University Philosophical Society (Trinity College, Dublin) — The University Philosophical Society, commonly known as The Phil, is a student paper reading and debating society in Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland. The society meets every Thursday during term in the Graduates Memorial Building to discuss a… …   Wikipedia

  • North American Nietzsche Society — The North American Nietzsche Society (NANS) is a philosophical society founded in 1979 whose purpose is to promote the study of the philosophy of Friedrich Nietzsche in North America. External links NANS website Categories: Friedrich… …   Wikipedia

  • Society of the Cincinnati — Motto Omnia reliquit servare rempublicam[1] Formation May 13, 1783 …   Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”