Eriocaulon

Eriocaulon

Taxobox
name = "Eriocaulon"


image_width = 240px
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Liliopsida
ordo = Poales
familia = Eriocaulaceae
genus = "Eriocaulon"
genus_authority = L.
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = See text.

"Eriocaulon" (pipewort) is a genus of about 400 species of monocotyledonous flowering plants in the family Eriocaulaceae. The genus is widely distributed, with the centers of diversity for the group occurring in tropical regions, particularly southern Asia and the Americas. A few species extend to temperate regions, with e.g. 10 species in the United States, mostly in the southern states from California to Florida, and only two species in Canada; China has 35 species, also mostly southern. Only one species ("E. aquaticum") occurs in Europe, where it is confined to the Atlantic Ocean coasts of Scotland and Ireland; this species also occurs in eastern North America and is thought to be a relatively recent natural colonist in Europe. In the Americas, "Eriocaulon" is the only genus in its family that occurs north of Florida. [citation| last=Kral| first=Robert| year=1966| title=Eriocaulaceae of continental North America north of Mexico| journal=Sida| volume=2| pages=285–332] They tend to be associated with wet soils, many growing in shallow water. The scientific name is derived from Ancient Greek εριον, "erion", meaning 'wool', and καυλός, "caulos", meaning 'stalk'.Citation
last =Kral
first =Robert
contribution =Eriocaulon
year =2006
title =Flora of North America
editor-last =Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 1993+
volume =22
contribution-url =http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=112020
place=New York & Oxford
publisher =Oxford University Press
]

The species are mostly herbaceous perennial plants, though some are annual plants; they resemble plants in the related families Cyperaceae (sedges) and Juncaceae (rushes), and like them, have rather small, wind-pollinated flowers.

;Selected species
*"Eriocaulon acutibracteatum"
*"Eriocaulon alpestre"
*"Eriocaulon angustulum"
*"Eriocaulon aquaticum"
*"Eriocaulon atrum"
*"Eriocaulon australe"
*"Eriocaulon benthamii"
*"Eriocaulon brownianum"
*"Eriocaulon buergerianum"
*"Eriocaulon chinorossicum"
*"Eriocaulon cinereum"
*"Eriocaulon compressum"
*"Eriocaulon decangulare"
*"Eriocaulon decemflorum"
*"Eriocaulon echinulatum"
*"Eriocaulon ermeiense"
*"Eriocaulon exsertum"
*"Eriocaulon faberi"
*"Eriocaulon glabripetalum"
*"Eriocaulon henryanum"
*"Eriocaulon kathmanduense"
*"Eriocaulon koernickianum"
*"Eriocaulon kunmingense"
*"Eriocaulon leianthum"
*"Eriocaulon lineare"
*"Eriocaulon longifolium"
*"Eriocaulon luzulifolium"
*"Eriocaulon mangshanense"
*"Eriocaulon microcephalum"
*"Eriocaulon minusculum"
*"Eriocaulon miquelianum"
*"Eriocaulon nantoense"
*"Eriocaulon nepalense"
*"Eriocaulon nigrobracteatum"
*"Eriocaulon obclavatum"
*"Eriocaulon oryzetorum"
*"Eriocaulon parkeri"
*"Eriocaulon parvum"
*"Eriocaulon quinquangulare"
*"Eriocaulon ravenelii"
*"Eriocaulon robustius"
*"Eriocaulon rockianum"
*"Eriocaulon schochianum"
*"Eriocaulon sclerophyllum"
*"Eriocaulon setaceum"
*"Eriocaulon sexangulare"
*"Eriocaulon sollyanum"
*"Eriocaulon staintonii"
*"Eriocaulon taishanense"
*"Eriocaulon texense"
*"Eriocaulon tonkinense"
*"Eriocaulon trisectoides"
*"Eriocaulon truncatum"
*"Eriocaulon viride"
*"Eriocaulon xeranthemum"
*"Eriocaulon zollingerianum"

References

External links

* [http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=1&taxon_id=112020 Flora of North America: "Eriocaulon"]
* [http://www.efloras.org/florataxon.aspx?flora_id=2&taxon_id=112020 Flora of China: "Eriocaulon"]


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Eriocaulon — (E. L.), Pflanzengattung aus der Familie der Eriocauloneae, 3. Ordn. 3. Kl. L.; Arten. oft u. westindische Gräser …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Eriocaulon —   Eriocaulon …   Wikipedia Español

  • Eriocaulon — noun type genus of the Eriocaulaceae: rushlike aquatic or marginal perennials usually found in shallow waters of acid lakes and pools and bogs • Syn: ↑genus Eriocaulon • Hypernyms: ↑monocot genus, ↑liliopsid genus • Member Holonyms:… …   Useful english dictionary

  • Eriocaulon — ID 31808 Symbol Key ERIOC Common Name pipewort Family Eriocaulaceae Category Monocot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, AR, CA, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, HI, IN, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Eriocaulon L. — Symbol ERIOC Common Name pipewort Botanical Family Eriocaulaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • eriocaulon — er·i·o·cau·lon …   English syllables

  • Eriocaulon septangulaire — Eriocaulon aquaticum …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Eriocaulon decangulare — Taxobox name = Eriocaulon decangulare image width = 240px status = G5 status system = TNC status ref = Cite web publisher =NatureServe title = Eriocaulon decangulare work = NatureServe Explorer url =… …   Wikipedia

  • Eriocaulon buergerianum — azijinis vinėtis statusas T sritis vardynas apibrėžtis Vinėtinių šeimos vaistinis augalas (Eriocaulon buergerianum), paplitęs rytų Azijoje. atitikmenys: lot. Eriocaulon buergerianum šaltinis Valstybinės lietuvių kalbos komisijos 2009 m. balandžio …   Lithuanian dictionary (lietuvių žodynas)

  • Eriocaulon aquaticum — noun aquatic perennial of North America and Ireland and Hebrides having translucent green leaves in a basal spiral and dense buttonlike racemes of minute white flowers • Syn: ↑pipewort • Hypernyms: ↑aquatic plant, ↑water plant, ↑hydrophyte,… …   Useful english dictionary

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