name = "Eggerthella"
regnum = Bacteria
phylum = Actinobacteria
classis = Actinobacteria
ordo = Coriobacteriales
familia = Coriobacteriaceae
genus = "Eggerthella"
subdivision_ranks = Species
subdivision = "Eggerthella hongkongensis" "Eggerthella lenta" "Eggerthella sinensis"

"Eggerthella" is a bacterial genus of Actinobacteria, in the family Coriobacteriaceae. Members of this genus are anaerobic, non-sporulating, non-motile, Gram-positive bacilli that grow singly, as pairs, or in short chains. They are found in the human colon and feces and have been implicated as a cause of ulcerative colitis, liver and anal abscesses and systemic bacteremia. [cite journal |last=Lau |first=S. K.P. |coauthors=P. C.W. Woo, A. M.Y. Fung, K.M. Chan, G. K.S. Woo and K.Y. Yuen |year=2004 |month= |title=Anaerobic, non-sporulating, Gram-positive bacilli bacteraemia characterized by 16S rRNA gene sequencing |journal=J. Med. Microbiol. |volume=53 |issue= |pages=1247–1253 |id= |url= |accessdate= |quote=|doi=10.1099/jmm.0.45803-0 ] [cite journal |last=Lau |first=S.K. |coauthors=P.C. Woo, G.K. Woo, A.M. Fung, M.K. Wong, K.M. Chan, D.M. Tam and K.Y. Yuen |year=2004 |month= |title="Eggerthella hongkongensis" sp. nov. and "Eggerthella sinensis" sp. nov., two novel "Eggerthella" species, account for half of the cases of Eggerthella bacteremia |journal=Diagn. Microbiol. Infect. Dis. |volume=49 |issue=4 |pages=255–263 |id= |url= |accessdate= |quote=|doi=10.1016/j.diagmicrobio.2004.04.012 ]

The type strain for this genus, "Eggerthella lenta", was known as "Eubacterium lentum" prior to 1999.cite journal |last=Kageyama |first=A. |coauthors=Y. Benno and T. Nakase |year=1999 |month= |title=Phylogenetic evidence for the transfer of "Eubacterium lentum" to the genus "Eggerthella" as "Eggerthella lenta" gen. nov., comb. nov |journal=Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol |volume=49 |issue= |pages=1725–1732 |id= |url= |accessdate= |quote=|pmid=10555354 ] [cite journal |last=Moore |first=W. E. C |coauthors=E.P. Cato and L.V. Holdeman |year=1971 |month= |title="Eubacterium lentum" (Eggerth) Prevot 1938: emendation of description and designation of the neotype strain |journal=Int. J. Syst. Bacteriol. |volume=21 |issue= |pages=299–303 |id= |url= |accessdate= |quote= ] The genus is named for Arnold Eggerth, who first described the organism in 1935. [cite journal |last=Eggerth |first=A. |coauthors= |year=1935 |month=September |title=The gram-positive non-spore-bearing anaerobic bacilli of human faeces |journal=J. Bacteriol. |volume=30 |issue=3 |pages=277–299 |id= |url= |accessdate= |quote= ]


External links

* cite web |url= |title="Eggerthella" |accessdate=2007-11-23 |last=Euzéby |first=J.P. |coauthors= |date=2007 |work=List of Prokaryotic names with Standing in Nomenclature |publisher=

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  • Eggerthella — Eg·ger·thel·la (eg″ər thelґə) [Arnold H. Eggerth, American bacteriologist, 1889–1963] a genus of gram positive bacteria of the family Coriobacteriaceae, consisting of obligately anaerobic, non–spore forming, nonflagellated… …   Medical dictionary

  • Eggerthella lenta — a species isolated from various infections, including infected postoperative wounds and abscesses, and from human blood and feces. Formerly called Eubacterium lentum …   Medical dictionary

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