Trimeresurus strigatus

Trimeresurus strigatus
Trimeresurus strigatus
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Subfamily: Crotalinae
Genus: Trimeresurus
Species: T. strigatus
Binomial name
Trimeresurus strigatus
Gray, 1842
Synonyms
  • Trimesurus strigatus - Gray, 1842
  • Atropos Darwini - Duméril, Bibron & Duméril, 1854
  • Trigonocephalus (Cophias) neelgherriensis - Jerdon, 1854
  • Trimesurus Nielgherriensis - Beddome, 1862
  • T[rigonocephalus]. Darwini - Jan, 1859
  • B[othrops] Darwini - Jan, 1863
  • T[rimeresurus]. strigolus - Theobald, 1868
  • Crotalus Trimeres[urus]. strigatus - Higgins, 1873
  • T[rimeresurus]. strigatus - Theobald, 1876
  • T[rigonocephalus]. Nilghiriensis - Theobald, 1876
  • Lachesis strigatus - Boulenger, 1896
  • Trimeresurus strigatus - M.A. Smith, 1943
  • P[rotobothrops]. strigatus - Kraus, Mink & Brown, 1996[1]
Common names: horseshoe pitviper.[2]

Trimeresurus strigatus is a venomous pitviper species found in southern India. No subspecies are currently recognized.[3]

Contents

Geographic range

Found in the hills of southern India. The type locality listed is "Cape of Good Hope?" and "Madras?" (Madras, India). The former must be a mistake.[1] Trimeresurus strigatus may be distinguished from other pit vipers of the peninsular India based on the presence of small internasal, 21 rows of keeled scales round the mid body and single row of scales between labials and sub-oculars. Common name of the species is based on the presence of a pale buff horse- shoe mark on the nape. Trimeresurus strigatus is distributed in Nilgiri, Anamalai, Palni and Tirunelveli Hills of the Western and Shevroy Hills in the Eastern Ghats (Smith, 1943). Mean SVL, tL and wt of 12 snakes measured 24.4 + 7.04 cm, 3.5 + 0.8 cm and 17.2 + 10.5 g respectively.

See also

References

  1. ^ a b McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, vol. 1. Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ Gumprecht A, Tillack F, Orlov NL, Captain A, Ryabov S. 2004. Asian Pitvipers. GeitjeBooks Berlin. 1st Edition. 368 pp. ISBN 3-937975-00-4.
  3. ^ "Trimeresurus strigatus". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=634932. Retrieved 27 September 2006. 

Further reading

  • Boulenger, G.A. 1896 Catalogue of the snakes in the British Museum, Vol. 3. London (Taylor & Francis), xiv + 727 pp.
  • Gray, J. E. 1842 Synopsis of the species of Rattle snakes, or Family of Crotalidae. The Zoological Miscellany 2: 47- 51.
  • Gumprecht, A.; Tillack, F.; Orlov, N.L.; Captain, A. & Ryabow, S. 2004 Asian pitvipers. Geitje Books, Berlin, 368 pp.
  • Herrmann, H.-W.; Ziegler, T.; Malhotra, A.; Thorpe, R.S. & Parkinson, C.L. 2004 Redescription and systematics of Trimeresurus cornutus (Serpentes: Viperidae)based on morphology and molecular data. Herpetologica 60 (2): 211-221

External links


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