- Anatole Jakovsky
Anatole Jakovsky (1909-1988) was a French art critic who wrote substantially, collected widely, and established a museum in
Nicefor Naïve art, [http://www.nice.fr/mairie_nice_198.html Musée International d'Art Naïf Anatole Jakovsky] .
Atole Jakovsky was born on August 13, 1909 in
Chişinău(now Republic of Moldova). In 1932, Anatole Jakovsky moved from Romaniato Paris. He met the secretary of Prokofiev who introduced him amongst the artistic colony of Montparnasse. There he developed a binding friendship with Jean Hélion and mingles with the abstract artists who revolve around Michel Seuphor and Torrès Garcia.
Soon Anatole Jakovsky became an art critic focusing on the abstract painters and in particular the Abstraction "movement - Creation " of Jean Herbin of whom he wrote the first monograph. His first papers are devoted to Calder, Arp, Delaunay, Hélion,
Mondrian, Nicholson, Pevsner, Seligmann, Villon, Vulliamy, Braque, Picasso, Zadkine… All of whom become friends.
He also maintained a very close relationship with
Robert Delaunay. Together, in 1939, they created "The Keys of the Paving Stones", the first plastic book. It is a collection of poems signed "Anatole Delagrave", illustrated by Robert Delaunay and made of plates of rhodoïde fluorescent. It is the first and last time that Anatole Jakovsky had recourse to a pseudonym. The work was drawn with 100 plates which are on show at the
Following a series of events, Anatole Jakovsky decided to seek out other activities. In the process of exploring various avenues of interest, he met the naïve painter
Jean Fous. There, in 1942, while helping him unpack books and various objects, he discovered canvases in a portfolio case of a Rousseau Customs officer which caught his interest.
From that moment on, Anatole Jakovsky officially devoted himself to defend, promote and collect naïve painting.
In 1949, he made his first appearance with the Editions J Damase in Paris, his first significant work on this artistic expression: "Naive painting"
He did not cease writing forewords, monographs, critical pieces as well as organizeing international exhibitions of Naïve art, gathering little by little probably the most significant collection of naïve paintings, which he eventually donated with all his files to the town of Nice in 1978.
Four years later, the Museum of the Castle of Sainte-Hélène bearing her name, preserved 600 canvases and drawings, sculptures, paintings under glass recalling the complete history of the Naïve art from the world of 17th century to today.
His files have been integrated into the museum archives which holds exceptional documents legitimating the existence of this art among the first steps of all autonomous creations of the 20th century.
Parallel with his interest for naïve painting, Anatole Jakovsky, eclectic visionary as much as alchemist of art, developed an interest in
Gasto Chaissacof whom he wrote the first biography, Alphonse Allais that he discovered, the history of the tobacco, the collections of pipes which it compared with Marcel Duchamp, old robots, old postcards, the history of the Eiffel Tower, the Palate of the Factor Horse and the Rocks of Rotheneuf, art populaire…
Atole Jakovsky was a man in constant quest of discovery. He knew how to anticipate the taste of his contemporaries. He foresaw man on the moon and predicted WWII war as early as 1935.
His eclecticism, his perspicacity, his pugnacity and stubbornness allowed us all to discover a whole new art culture.
* [http://www.nice.fr/mairie_nice_198.html Musée International d'Art Naïf Anatole Jakovsky]
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