- Roland de Corneille
Reverend Roland de Corneille (born
May 19 1927) is a Canadian Anglicanpriest, human rightsactivist and former politician.
Switzerland, de Corneille spent his childhood in France and moved to the United States where he worked and received much of his formal education. He received his BA cum laude from Amherst College, where he was elected to Phi Beta Kappa honorary society. He worked for Time Inc. as a statistician, and with Procter and Gamble. He studied at General Theological Seminary in New York and then transferred to Canada and graduated from the University of Toronto's Trinity College in 1953 as an ordained Anglican priest. He served as a curate and as a rector of a number of Anglican parish churches, while earning his degrees of Licentiate of Theology, Bachelor of Sacred Theology and Master of Theology in studies at McGill, Yale and Trinity College, Toronto.
In 1960, de Corneille was the secretary of the Nathaneal Institute, an Anglican missionary institute dedicated to converting
Jews to Christianity. De Corneille initiated an interfaith dialoguebetween the Christian and Jewish communities that led to the institute transforming itself into "the Christian-Jewish Dialogue of the Anglican Church of Canada" with de Corneille as director. The Dialogue sought better understanding between the two faith groups rather than religious conversion. In 1966, his book, "Christians and Jews; the Tragic Past and the Hopeful Future" was published by Harper and Row.
He is credited as the first Canadian clergyman to urge the Christian community to re-evaluate its attitude towards Jews.
As a result of de Corneille's efforts, the Anglican Church re-evaluated its attitude towards the Jewish community and renounce
proselytizationin favour of understanding, dialogue and reconciliation.
The process was continued by de Corneille by introducing the programme into other Canadian denominations, the Episcopal Church U.S.A., and through his membership in the World Council of Churches in Geneva. He worked with the National Conference of Christians and Jews U.S.A.. and the Canadian Conference of Christians and Jews as organizer of a major International Conference on Christian-Jewish relations. The Christian-Jewish dialogue program initiated by de Corneille ultimately spread to the
United Statesand Europeand helped lead to a change of attitude within mainstream Christian churches, particularly towards anti-Semitism
De Corneille's activity earned him the respect of the Jewish community. In 1971 he was appointed national director of the League for Human Rights of
B'nai Brith Canadawhere he worked until 1979. In the 1979 federal election he was elected to the Canadian House of Commonsas the Liberal Member of Parliament for Eglinton—Lawrence, serving in the House until 1988.
In parliament, he was the founding chairman of the Canada-Israel Parliamentary Friendship Group, and a chairman of the Canada-Italy Parliamentary Friendship Group. From 1980 to 1981 he was national chairman of the National Committee for a Human Rights Charter which lobbied parliament for the creation of the
Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms.
He served for three terms in the House of Commons until he was challenged for the Liberal nomination by
Joe Volpeand defeated in a bitter nomination meeting prior to the 1988 federal election.
*De Corneille, Roland. "Christians and Jews; the tragic past and the hopeful future". New York : Harper & Row, 1966.
* [http://data2.archives.ca/pdf/pdf001/p000000382.pdf Rev. Roland de Corneille Papers]
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