Editions Lug

Editions Lug

"Editions Lug" was a French comic book publisher created in 1950 by writer/editor Marcel Navarro and businessman Auguste Vistel.


When it started, Editions Lug only reprinted old French and Italian comics in digest-sized magazines.

Among its most popular Italian imports were:
* "Tex Willer" (which it began publishing in 1951, then moved to its eponymous magazine in 1952), from Sergio Bonelli Editore
* "Il Grande Blek" (which it began publishing in "Kiwi" in 1955)
* "Capitan Miki" (which it began publishing in "Nevada" in 1958)
* "Alan Mistero" (renamed "Ombrax") (which it began publishing in an eponymous magazine in 1967)The latter three from Studio EsseGesse.

Another notable non-French comic book series published by Editions Lug at the time is "Dan Dare" (in 1962).

However, early on, Navarro decided that his company needed some original characters. He enlisted a number of French and Italian studios to script and draw original series and began experimenting with a wide variety of genres. The look and feel of these series was often evocative of 1960s DC Comics.

Editions Lug's first major original success was a "Tarzan"-like jungle lord named "Zembla" (1963); its eponymous title was an immediate hit. Among other notable characters created at the times were "Rakar", a masked Lakota chief, "Tanka", another jungle lord, "Gun Gallon", a "John Carter of Mars"-type hero lost on a parallel world with three moons, World War II hero Rick Ross aka "Baroud", kung-fu cowboy "Jed Puma", Barbary Coast corsair "Dragut" and superhero "Pilote Noir".

In 1968, Claude Vistel, Auguste Vistel's daughter, returned from a trip to New York and convinced Navarro to publish the first translations of Marvel Comics in France, in a magazine entitled "Fantask" (1969), which featured Fantastic Four, Spider-Man and the Silver Surfer.

Sensing that he was on to something, Navarro followed suit with his own creations. "Wampus" was launched the same year; it featured the eponymous alien monster sent by an evil cosmic intelligence to destroy the Earth, and the exploits of a "S.H.I.E.L.D."-like organization named "C.L.A.S.H.". Unfortunately, Editions Lug had run-ins with French censorship, and both "Fantask" and "Wampus" were cancelled after only six issues.

The following year, Navarro re-launched the Marvel characters, first in a magazine called "Strange", then in "Marvel" (which also fell victim to censorship a year later). At the same time, he continued to introduce more new French characters in magazines such as:
* "Futura" (1972), which published "Jaleb", "Homicron", "Brigade Temporelle", "L'Autre" (The Other, a toned-down version of "Wampus"), "Aster", "Jeff Sullivan" and "Sibilla"
* "Waki" (1974)
* "Kabur" which also published "Le Gladiateur de Bronze" (The Bronze Gladiator) (1975).

The late 1970s and early 1980s were arguably the best years of the company. Its line of French-language Marvel editions thrived with titles such as "Titans" (1976), "Nova" (1978), "Spidey" (1979) and graphic novels of "The Fantastic Four" (1973), "Conan the Barbarian" (1976), etc.

A number of new original titles were added, including a revamped version of "Mustang" (1980), which published "Photonik", "Mikros" and "Ozark". Other characters introduced during this period included "Phenix" (1978) and "Starlock" (1980). It even licensed its own creations to Spanish and Italian companies, where they sold with great success.

Around this time, a shared universe began to emerge. It wasn't nearly as tightly integrated as the Marvel Universe. While the titles made references to each other, characters from different titles never interacted directly.

In the mid-80's, Auguste Vistel died. This was the beginning of the end for Editions Lug. Eventually, Marcel Navarro chose to retire. The company was sold to the Semic Group, a Scandinavian comic book publisher, and later became a French company, Semic Comics.

In 2004, a group of former Lug writers and artists reclaimed the rights to their characters and reorganized under the banner of Hexagon Comics.

elected Titles

* "Plutos" (1950)
* "Rodeo" (1951)
* "Tex (1952)
* "Pipo" (1952)
* "Pampa (1954)
* "Kiwi" (1955)
* "Pim Pam Poum" (1955) (French edition of the "Katzenjammer Kids")
* "Hondo" (1956)
* "Nevada" (1958)
* "Flambo" (1959)
* "Bourask" (1960)
* "Yuma" (1962)
* "Zembla" (1963)
* "Blek" (1963)
* "Bronco" (1966)
* "Baroud" (1966)
* "Dago" (1966)
* "Ombrax" (1966)
* "Mustang" (1966)
* "Fantask" (1969)
* "Wampus" (1969)
* "Strange" (1970)
* "Marvel" (1971)
* "Futura" (1972)
* "Yampa" (1973)
* "Waki" (1974)
* "Kabur" (1975)
* "Titans (1976)
* "Nova" (1978)
* "Spidey" (1979)

elected Characters

* "Afrikanders", Boer War adventures
* "Agent Sans Nom", espionage
* "Ami Barry", ghost detective
* "Antonin", Musketeer adventures
* "Apollo, western adventures
* "Archie, eccentric scientist
* "Aster", science fiction
* "L'Autre", toned down sequel to "Wampus"

* "Babette", young fashion model adventures
* "Barefoot le Magnifique", French-Indian wars adventures
* "Baroud", WWII adventures
* "Bathy-09", underwater adventures
* "Ben Leonard", archeological, science fiction adventures
* "Benny du Bayou", growing up in Louisiana
* "Bill & Barry, a boy looking for his parents
* "Billy Boyd", western
* "Bob Lance", modern-days descendants of the Round Table
* "Bob Pepper", insurance investigations
* "Bob Stanley", an American in 19th century Japan
* "Brigade As", Interpol adventures
* "Brigade Temporelle", time travel adventures

* "Capitaine Giroflée"
* "Captain Tiger", Polynesian adventures
* "Captain Tom & Co."
* "Le Chat", international boxing
* "Champagne"
* "Chevalier de l'Espace", science fiction
* "Chikotawa", Canadian adventures
* "C.L.A.S.H.
* "Comte de Saint-Germain
* "Corsak", jungle lord

* "Dago", supernatural western
* "Dan Diamond", espionage
* "Dan Lucky", western
* "Dan Sabre", western
* "Dan Tempest", western
* "Dave Kaplan", news photographer
* "Dick Demon", supernatural western
* "Dick Spade", journalist
* "Digger Drake, India under the Raj
* "Doc Sullivan", medical adventures
* "Don Juan l'Epervier", swashbuckler
* "Dragut, pirate

* "Etoile à Cinq Branches", supernatural adventures

* "Face d'Ange", espionage
* "Fargo Jim", western
* "Flag des Neiges", Mountain rescue adventures
* "Flambo", Napoleon's Little Drummer
* "Flanagan", detective
* "Frank Ale", boxing adventures
* "Frank Universal", ecological science fiction
* "Fred & Gib", western
* "Frères Thunderbolt", private eyes
* "Fury", Korean war

* "Galaor", sword & sorcery
* "Gallix", heroic fantasy against Rome
* "Galton & Trumbo", NYPD adventures
* "Gladiateur de Bronze", superhero
* "Greg Jordan", racecar driver
* "Gun Gallon", heroic fantasy

* "Havoc", western
* "Homicron", superhero
* "Homme de Metal", heroic fantasy
* "Hunter", western

* "Indian Kid", western
* "Ivan Karine", Tsarist Russia adventures
* "Ivan Wolonsky", Teenage Psychic

* "Jacky West, western
* "Jaleb", alien telepath
* "Jaydee", alien shapeshifter
* "Jean Brume", Scarlet Pimpernel-like hero
* "Jean Girodet", espionage
* "Jed Puma", western martial arts
* "Jeff Sullivan", superhero
* "Jill & John"
* "Jim Mississippi", masked western avenger
* "Johnny Bourask", Colonial hero

* "Kabur", heroic fantasy
* "Kit Kappa", martial arts

* "Larry Cannon", insurance investigations
* "Lion des Thermopyles", Greek Antiquity adventures
* "Lucifer", fallen angel must do good to redeem himself
* Lys Noir, pirate adventures

* "Mac, three Scotsmen in the Old West
* "Madison Bill", Prohibition-era adventures
* "Malinbourne", space fantasy
* "Marino", underwater superhero
* "Masque Blanc", Apartheid superhero
* "Max Flanagan", WWI photographer
* "Max Tornado", superhero
* "Mikros", superhero
* "Morgane", supernatural adventures
* "Motoman", teenage superhero
* "Mozam", African jungle lord

* "Neptune", underwater adventures

* "Oncle Rufus", eccentric superhero
* "Ozark", Lakota magic

* "Patrouille des Profondeuirs", underground adventures
* "Pedro & Doc", western odd couple
* "Petit Cube", superhero
* "Petit Scout", western adventures
* "Phenix", superhero
* "Photonik", superhero
* "Pilote Noir", superhero
* "Prince de la Nuit", crimefighter in 1800 Paris

* "Quanter, genius scientist

* "Rakar", Lakota superhero
* "Rataplan", US Cavalry adventures
* "Renard le Flambeur", Mississippi riverboat adventures
* "Ricky Rox", western
* "Ring Joe", boxing
* "Rip MacQueen", journalist
* "Rod Zey", engineer and troubleshooter
* "Roi des Profonbdeurs", underwater superhero

* "Sadko le Prince Archer", Robin Hood-type adventures
* "Sergeant Cannon", WWII adventures
* "Sibilla", supernatural adventures
* "Silver Shadow", science fiction adventures
* "SOS Trio", detective
* "Starlock", superhero
* "Stormalong", 1800 New Orleans adventures
* "Superbill", young prodigy

* "Tahy Tim", adventures in the Raj
* "Tanka", jungle lord
* "Ted Brenton", western adventures
* "Tocard Gang", Prohibition-era adventures
* "Trapper John", French-Indian Wars adventures
* "Trois Lords", three British Lords fight crime

* "Utopia", three kids found a new country

* "Viking", a viking warrior in the New World

* "Waki", post-cataclysmic adventures
* "Wampus"

* "Wingo Scout", western hero

* "X-101", espionage hero

* "Yatan", a jungle lord

* "Zapo", a western avenger
* "Zembla"

External links

* [http://www.hexagoncomics.com/ Hexagon Comics official website] Hexagon Comics website; contains detailed character bios and articles on history of Editions Lug.

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