- 2d Space Operations Squadron
The 2d Space Operations Squadron (2 SOPS) is a unit of the
United States Air Forceat Schriever Air Force Base, Colorado. Its mission is to manage the NAVSTAR Global Positioning System satelliteconstellation for global navigation, time transfer, and nuclear detonation detection.
2 SOPS had one geographically separated unit (GSU), Detachment 1, at
Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, Florida. It was responsible for maintenance of a GPS Ground Antenna, Monitor Station, and various operational test assets. [ [http://www.patrick.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123097920 Deactivation ends two decades of service on Cape Canaveral] ] [ [http://www.schriever.af.mil/news/story.asp?id=123097651 2nd SOPS inactivates Det. 1] ]
2 SOPS is augmented by Reserve personnel from the
19th Space Operations Squadron, part of the 310th Space Wing.
The squadron performs the command and control mission for the Global Positioning System satellite constellation. GPS is the world's premiere space-based position, velocity and timing system, capable of providing precision navigation and timing capability simultaneously to an unlimited number of properly equipped users. Continuous GPS availability and unprecedented signal accuracy has resulted in widespread integration of the technology; numerous military, commercial and international users have embraced GPS.
Chain of command
United States Department of Defense
United States Air Force
Air Force Space Command
14th Air Force
50th Space Wing
50th Operations Group
2 SOPS was originally constituted as the 2d Surveillance Squadron (Sensor) and activated on
16 January 1962under North American Air Defense Command(NORAD) at Ent Air Force Base. It was then organized on 1 February 1962under the 9th Aerospace Defense Division, under which it operated SPACETRACK, the USAF globe-spanning space surveillance network, from 1962 through 1967. The squadron was discontinued and inactivated on 1 January 1967.
It was redesignated the 2d Satellite Control Squadron on
16 July 1985at Falcon Air Force Stationas the first operational squadron of the 2d Space Wing. Activated on 1 October 1985.
2 SOPS has controlled the NAVSTAR
Global Positioning Systemsatellite constellation and managed the Nuclear Detonation System in support of the Nuclear Test Ban Treatysince 1987.
30 January 1992, as part of an Air Force reorganization, 2 SCS was redesignated the 2d Space Operations Squadron.On June 18, 2004, a 24/7 user focal point, the GPSOC, was established.
In late 2005, several
National Geospatial-Intelligence Agencymonitor stations were integrated into the network to improve navigation accuracy and signal monitoring.
Detachment 1 at Cape Canavaral Air Force Station inactivated in 2008 with contractors taking over their responsibilities.
Air Force Outstanding Unit Awards: 1 June 1964- 31 May 1966; 1 December 1987- 30 November 1989; 1 September 1990- 31 August 1991.
:"On a Blue disc, a Light Blue globe grid lined Yellow issuing from base and charged with a Scarlet lighting flash bendwise; in chief a White eight point pole star above and (Yellow pole stars) on a White orbit ring arcing over the globe; a Yellow pole star all within a narrow Yellow border. MOTTO: PATHWAYS FOR PEACE."
6 May 1988, slightly modified in 1994; replaced emblem approved on 28 July 1965(K&KE 17364).
* [http://www.schriever.af.mil/gps/ GPS]
* [http://gps.afspc.af.mil/gpsoc/ GPS Operations Center]
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