Fetlock

Fetlock

Fetlock is the common name for the metacarpophalangeal and metatarsophalangeal joints (MCPJ and MTPJ) of the horse. It is formed by the junction of the third metacarpal (forelimb) or metatarsal (hindlimb) bones (common name: the cannon bones) proximad and the proximal phalanx distad (common name: the pastern bone). Paired proximal sesamoid bones articulate with the palmar or plantar distal surface of the third metacarpal or metatarsal bones and are rigidly fixed to the proximo-palmar / -plantar edge of the proximal phalanx.

The fetlock is a hinge joint (ginglymus), allowing flexion and extension, but minimal rotation, adduction, or abduction.

Problems with the Fetlock

* Windpuffs
* Sesamoiditis
* Osselet

Etymology

The word "fetlock" literally means "foot-lock" and originally referred to the small tuft of hair situated on the rear of the fetlock joint [http://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/fetlock Merriam-Webster: fetlock] ] .

ee also

* Equine forelimb anatomy
* Equine anatomy

References


*Dyce KM, Sack WO, Wensing CJG. Textbook of Veterinary Anatomy (2nd Ed.) W.B. Saunders, 1996, p591


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Fetlock — Fet lock, n. [OE. fetlak, fitlock, cf. Icel. fet pace, step, fit webbed foot of water birds, akin to E. foot. [root] 77. See {Foot}.] The cushionlike projection, bearing a tuft of long hair, on the back side of the leg above the hoof of the horse …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • fetlock — early 14c., fetlak, from a Germanic source (Cf. Du. vetlock, M.H.G. fizlach, Ger. Fiszloch), perhaps related to the root of Ger. fessel pastern. The M.E. dim. suffix ok (from O.E. oc) was misread and the word taken in folk etymology as being a… …   Etymology dictionary

  • fetlock — ► NOUN ▪ a joint of a horse s or other quadruped s leg between the knee and the hoof. ORIGIN Germanic, related to FOOT(Cf. ↑footless) …   English terms dictionary

  • fetlock — [fet′läk΄] n. [ME fitlok (understood in ME as comp. of fet, FEET + lok, LOCK2) < MDu or MLowG cognate of MHG vizzeloch < vissel, dim. (< base of OHG fuoz, FOOT) + och, OCK] 1. a tuft of hair on the back of the leg of a horse, donkey, etc …   English World dictionary

  • fetlock — UK [ˈfetlɒk] / US [ˈfetˌlɑk] noun [countable] Word forms fetlock : singular fetlock plural fetlocks the bottom part of a horse s leg …   English dictionary

  • fetlock — noun Etymology: Middle English fitlok, fetlak; akin to Old English fōt foot Date: 14th century 1. a. a projection bearing a tuft of hair on the back of the leg above the hoof of a horse or similar animal see horse illustration b. the tuft of hair …   New Collegiate Dictionary

  • fetlock — /fet lok /, n. 1. the projection of the leg of a horse behind the joint between the cannon bone and great pastern bone, bearing a tuft of hair. See diag. under horse. 2. the tuft of hair itself. 3. Also called fetlock joint. the joint at this… …   Universalium

  • fetlock — fet·lock fet .läk n 1 a) a projection bearing a tuft of hair on the back of the leg above the hoof of a horse or similar animal b) the tuft of hair itself 2) the joint of the limb at the fetlock * * * fet·lock (fetґlok) the metacarpophalangeal… …   Medical dictionary

  • fetlock — [[t]fe̱tlɒk[/t]] fetlocks N COUNT A horse s fetlock is the back part of its leg, just above the hoof …   English dictionary

  • fetlock — /ˈfɛtlɒk / (say fetlok) noun 1. a part of a horse s leg situated behind the joint between the cannon bone and the great pastern bone, and bearing a tuft of hair. 2. this tuft of hair. 3. the joint at this point (fetlock joint). {Middle English… …   Australian-English dictionary

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