José María de Heredia

José María de Heredia

José-Maria de Heredia (in Spanish: "José María de Heredia", November 22, 1842 - October 3, 1905), Cuban-born French poet, the modern master of the French sonnet, was born at Fortuna Cafeyere, near Santiago de Cuba, being of partly Spanish ("Criollo") and partly French ancestry.

At the age of eight he came from the West Indies to France, returning thence to Havana at seventeen, and finally making France his home not long afterwards. He received his classical education with the priests of Saint Vincent at Senlis, and after a visit to Havana he studied at the Ecole des Chartes at Paris. In the later 1860s, with François Coppée, Sully-Prudhomme, Paul Verlaine and others less distinguished, he made one of the bands of poets who gathered round Leconte de Lisle, and received the name of Parnassiens.

To this new school, form - the technical side of their art - was of supreme importance, and, in reaction against the influence of Musset, they rigorously repressed in their work the expression of personal feeling and emotion. "True poetry," said M. de Heredia in his discourse on entering the Academy - "true poetry dwells in nature and in humanity, which are eternal, and not in the heart of the creature of a day, however great." M. de Heredia's place in the movement was soon assured. He wrote very little, and published even less, but his sonnets circulated in manuscript, and gave him a reputation before they appeared in 1893, together with a few longer poems, as a volume, under the title of "Les Trophées".

He took the French nationality in 1893 and was sebsequently elected to the Académie française on February 22 1894, in the place of Charles de Mazade the publicist. Few purely literary men can have entered the Academy with credentials so small in quantity. A small volume of verse - a translation, with introduction, of Diaz del Castillo's "History of the Conquest of New Spain" (1878-1881) - a translation of the life of the nun Alferez (1894), de Quincey's "Spanish Military Nun" - and one or two short pieces of occasional verse, and an introduction or so - this is but small literary "baggage", to use the French expression. But the sonnets are of their kind among the most superb in modern literature. "A Légende des siècles in sonnets" M. François Coppée called them. Each presents a picture, striking, brilliant, drawn with unfaltering hand - the picture of some characteristic scene in man's long history. The verse is flawless, polished like a gem; and its sound has distinction and fine harmony. If one may suggest a fault, it is that each picture is sometimes too much of a picture only, and that the poetical line, like that of M. de Heredia's master, Leconte de Lisle himself, is occasionally overcrowded. M. de Heredia was nonetheless one of the most skilful craftsmen who ever practised the art of verse. In 1901 he became librarian of the Bibliothèque de l'Arsenal at Paris. He died at the Château de Bourdonné (Seine-et-Oise) on the 3rd of October 1905, having completed his critical edition of André Chénier's works.

References

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External links

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ee also

* José María Heredia y Campuzano Cuban poet.


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  • Jose Maria de Heredia — José Maria de Heredia Pour les articles homonymes, voir Heredia.  Ne pas confondre avec le poète cubain José María Heredia y Campuzano (1803 1839) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • José-María de Heredia — José Maria de Heredia Pour les articles homonymes, voir Heredia.  Ne pas confondre avec le poète cubain José María Heredia y Campuzano (1803 1839) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • José Maria de Heredia — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Heredia.  Ne pas confondre avec le poète cubain José María Heredia y Campuzano (1803 1839) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • José Maria de Hérédia — José Maria de Heredia Pour les articles homonymes, voir Heredia.  Ne pas confondre avec le poète cubain José María Heredia y Campuzano (1803 1839) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • José María De Heredia — José Maria de Heredia Pour les articles homonymes, voir Heredia.  Ne pas confondre avec le poète cubain José María Heredia y Campuzano (1803 1839) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • José María de Heredia — José Maria de Heredia Pour les articles homonymes, voir Heredia.  Ne pas confondre avec le poète cubain José María Heredia y Campuzano (1803 1839) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • José maría de heredia — José Maria de Heredia Pour les articles homonymes, voir Heredia.  Ne pas confondre avec le poète cubain José María Heredia y Campuzano (1803 1839) …   Wikipédia en Français

  • José María de Heredia — José María de Hérédia Grabado de Adolphe Lalauze (circa 1897). Nombre completo …   Wikipedia Español

  • José-Maria de Heredia — José Maria de Heredia, ursprünglich José Maria de Heredia Girard (* 22. November 1842 in Fortuna Cafayère, Kuba; † 2. Oktober 1905 in Bourdonné,[1] Yvelines) war ein französischer Schriftsteller spanischer Herkunft …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • José María de Heredia — ( La Fortuna , cerca de Santiago de Cuba, 22 de noviembre de 1842 castillo de Bourdonnés, cerca de Houdan, Yvelines, 3 de octubre de 1905) fue un poeta francés de origen cubano, que en 1894 fue elegido miembro de la Academia francesa. . Es uno de …   Enciclopedia Universal

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