Giovanni Pisano

Giovanni Pisano

Giovanni Pisano (c. 1250 – c. 1315) was an Italian sculptor, painter and architect. Son of the famous sculptor Nicola Pisano, he received his training in the workshop of his father.

In 1265-1268 he worked with his father at the pulpit in the Siena cathedral. The fountain "Fontana Maggiora" in Perugia was his next major work with his father. By the end of this project in 1278 his father may already have died. Another possibility is that Nicola Pisano died in 1284 when Giovanni took up residence in Siena. These first works were made in his father's style. It is difficult to tell who did exactly what. However the "Madonna with Child" can be attributed with certainty to Giovanni, showing a new style with a certain familiarity between Mother and Child.

His next work was in Pisa, sculpting the statues in the two rows of traceried gables at the exterior of the Baptistry (1277-1284). The vivacity of these statues is a new confirmation that he is leaving the serene style of his father behind.

He was appointed at the same time chief architect of the Siena cathedral between 1287 and 1296. This compelled him to travel often between these two cities. The elegant sculptures and the architectural design for the facade of the cathedral in Siena show his tendencies to blend Gothic art with reminders of Roman art.

In 1296 he returned to Pisa to begin work on the San Giovanni church. In 1301 he continued his work on the pulpit for the church of S. Andrea in Pistoia, which he had already started in 1297. The five reliefs on the pulpit are the Annunciation and Nativity; the Adoration, Dream of the Magi and Angel warning Joseph; the Massacre of the Innocents; the Crucifixion; and the Last Judgement.

His work between 1302 and 1310 at the new pulpit for the Cathedral of Pisa shows his distinct preference for movement in his characters, moving even further away his father's style. It shows nine scenes from the New Testament, carved in white marble with a chiaroscuro effect. It contains even a bold, naturalistic depiction of a naked Hercules. His figure "Prudence" in the pulpit may have been an inspiration for the "Eve" in the painting The Expulsion from the Garden of Eden by Masaccio. This pulpit with its dramatic scenes has become his masterwork. After the fire of 1595 it was packed away during the redecoration and was not rediscovered and re-erected until 1926.

The church of San Nicola in Pisa was enlarged between 1297 and 1313 by the Augustinians, perhaps by the design of Giovanni Pisano. He was also responsible of the façade of San Paolo a Ripa d'Arno.

His last major work dates probably from 1313 when he made a monument in memory of Margaret of Brabant (who died in 1311) at the request of her husband emperor Henry VII.

His works shows a mixture of French Gothic and the classical style, and Henry Moore referred to him as "the first modern sculptor".

One of his pupils was Giovanni di Balduccio, who also became a famous sculptor, and the architect and sculptor Agostino da Siena. He also had an influence on the painter Pietro Lorenzetti. Giorgio Vasari included a biography of Pisano in his book "Le vite dei più eccellenti pittori, scultori, e architetti"

The asteroid "7313 Pisano" was named to honour Nicola and Giovanni Pisano.



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  • GIOVANNI PISANO — (av. 1250 apr. 1314) Né à Pise, Giovanni Pisano fut associé très jeune aux entreprises de son père Nicola Pisano, puisque dès 1265 il figure dans le contrat passé entre celui ci et l’Opera del Duomo de Sienne pour l’exécution de la célèbre chaire …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Giovanni Pisano — Fachada de la catedral de Siena, Italia. Giovanni Pisano (h. 1250 1314) fue un escultor italiano, pintor y arquitecto. Hijo del famoso escultor Nicola Pisano, quién recibió su formación en el taller de su padre. En 1265 1268 trabajó con su padre… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Giovanni Pisano — Chaire de la cathédrale de Sienne Fontana Maggiore …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giovanni Pisano — Fassade der Kathedrale von Siena Giovanni Pisano (* um 1250 in Pisa; † nach 1314) war ein Goldschmied, Erzgießer, Bildhauer und Architekt. Pisano, Sohn und Schüler von Niccolò Pisano, anfangs unter seinem Vater an der Kanzel zu Siena und d …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giovanni Di Balduccio — Tombeau de Azzon Visconti …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giovanni di balduccio — Tombeau de Azzon Visconti …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Pisano — pisano, a (del lat. «Pisānus») adj. y, aplicado a personas, también n. De Pisa, ciudad de Italia. * * * pisano, na. (Del lat. Pisānus). adj. Natural de Pisa. U. t. c. s. || 2. Perteneciente o relativo a esta ciudad de Italia. * * * Pisano,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Pisano — bezeichnet: Pisano (Piemont), eine Gemeinde im Piemont Monte Pisano, eine Hügelkette in der Toskana Pisano ist der Familienname folgender Personen: Andrea Pisano ( 1290– 1348), italienischer Goldschmied, Bildhauer und Baumeister Antonio Pisano,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Pisano — Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Pisano puede referirse a: Lo relativo a la ciudad italiana de Pisa La familia de escultores del gótico italiano: Nicola Pisano Andrea Pisano Giovanni Pisano Otros personajes: Giunta Pisano Bernardo Pisano Nino Pisano …   Wikipedia Español

  • Pisano — is the name of several notable people:*Andrea Pisano (c. 1290 – 1348 or 1349), Italian sculptor and architect *Bernardo Pisano (1490 1548), Italian composer of the early 16th century *Bonanno Pisano (12th century), Italian sculptor, sometimes… …   Wikipedia

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