Carl Spitteler

Carl Spitteler

Infobox Writer
name = Carl Friedrich Georg Spitteler
awards = awd|Nobel Prize in Literature|1919


imagesize = 200px
birthdate = birth date|1845|4|24|mf=y
birthplace =
deathdate = death date and age|1924|12|29|1845|4|24|mf=y
deathplace =
occupation = poet
nationality = Swiss

Carl Friedrich Georg Spitteler (April 24, 1845December 29, 1924) was a Swiss poet who was awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature in 1919. His work includes both pessimistic and heroical poems.

Spitteler was born in Liestal, and from 1863 he studied law at the University of Zurich. In 1865-1870 he studied theology in the same institution, at Heidelberg and Basel. Later he worked in Russia as tutor, starting from August 1871, remaining there (with some periods in Finland) until 1879. Later he was elementary teacher in Bern and La Neuveville, as well as journalist for the "Der Kunstwart" and as editor for the "Neue Zürcher Zeitung".

In 1881 Spitteler published the alegoric prose poem "Prometheus and Epimetheus", published under the pseudonym Carl Felix Tandem, and showing contrasts between ideals and dogmas through the two mythological figures of the titles; later he reworked it and published it under his true name, with the title "Prometheus der Dulder" ("Prometheus the Sufferer", 1924). This work later influenced Carl Gustav Jung's theories explained in his "Psychological Types". In 1883 he married Marie op der Hoff, previously his pupil in Neuveville.

In 1900-1905 Spitteler wrote the powerful alegoric-epic poem, in iambic hexameters, "Olympischer Frühling" ("Olympic Spring"). This work, mixing fantastic, naturalistic, religions and mythological themes, deals with human concern towards universe. His prose works include "Die Mädchenfeinde "("Two Little Misogynists", 1907), about his autobiographical childhood experiences, the dramatic "Conrad der Leutnant "(1898), in which he show influence from the previously opposed Naturalism, and the autobiographical novella "Imago" (1906), examining the role of unconscious in the conflict between a creative mind and the middle-class restrictions.

During World War I he opposed to the pro-German attitude of the Swiss German-speaking majority, a position put forward in the essay "Unser Schweizer Standpunkt". In 1919 he won the Nobel Prize. Spitteler died at Lucerne in 1924.

Works

*"Prometheus und Epimetheus" (1881)
*"Extramundana " (1883, seven cosmic myths)
*"Schmetterlinge" ("Butterflies", 1889)
*"Der Parlamentär" (1889)
*"Literarische Gleichnisse "(“Literary Parables”, 1892)
*"Gustav" (1892)
*"Balladen "(1896)
*"Conrad der Leutnant "(1898)
*"Lachende Wahrheiten "(1898, essays)
*"Der olympische Frühling" (1900-1905, revised 1910)
*"Glockenlieder "(“Grass and Bell Songs", 1906)
*"Imago" (1906, novel)
*"Die Mädchenfeinde "(" Two Little Misogynists", 1907)
*"Meine frühesten Erlebnisse "(“My Earliest Experiences", 1914, biographical)
*"Prometheus der Dulder" (“Prometheus the Suffering”, 1924)

External links

* [http://literature.nobel.brainparad.com/carl_spitteler.html Carl Spitteler] at the [http://literature.nobel.brainparad.com/index.html Timeline of Nobel Winners]
* [http://www.angelfire.com/ego2/olko/cgi-bin/spitteler-autobio.html Autobiographical sketch]
* [http://www.carl-spitteler.ch Official Site of the Carl Spitteler Foundation]


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  • Carl Spitteler — 1905 Carl Friedrich Georg Spitteler (Pseudonym Carl Felix Tandem; * 24. April 1845 in Liestal; † 29. Dezember 1924 in Luzern) war ein Schweizer Dichter und Schriftsteller, Kritiker und Essayist …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Carl Spitteler — en 1905. Carl Friedrich Georg Spitteler (né le 24 avril 1845 à Liestal et décédé le 19 décembre 1924 à Lucerne) est un écrivain suisse allemand. Pendant la Première Guerre mondiale, il marque son désaccord avec l attitude des A …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Carl Spitteler — (n. Liestal, Suiza, 24 de abril de 1845 † Lucerna, 29 de diciembre de 1924). Escritor suizo en lengua alemana. Estudió leyes en la Universidad de Zürich en 1863. Entre 1865 y 1870, estudió teología en Zürich, Heidelberg, y …   Enciclopedia Universal

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  • Carl Friedrich Georg Spitteler — Carl Spitteler 1905 Carl Friedrich Georg Spitteler (Pseudonym Carl Felix Tandem; * 24. April 1845 in Liestal bei Basel; † 29. Dezember 1924 in Luzern) war ein Schweizer Dichter und Schriftsteller, Kritiker und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Spitteler — Carl Spitteler 1905 Carl Friedrich Georg Spitteler (Pseudonym Carl Felix Tandem; * 24. April 1845 in Liestal bei Basel; † 29. Dezember 1924 in Luzern) war ein Schweizer Dichter und Schriftsteller, Kritiker und …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Carl Albert Loosli — (* 4. April 1877 in Schüpfen, Kanton Bern; † 22. Mai 1959 in Bern Bümpliz) war ein Schweizer Schriftsteller und Journalist. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben und Schaffen 2 Werke 2.1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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