Author citation (zoology)

Author citation (zoology)

In zoological nomenclature, author citation refers to the person (or team) who first makes a scientific name of a taxon available. This is done in a scientific publication while fulfilling the formal requirements.

Rank matters

The "International Code of Zoological Nomenclature" recognises three groups of names, according to rank:
*family-group names, at the ranks of superfamily, family, subfamily, tribe, subtribe (any rank below superfamily and above genus).
*genus-group names, at the ranks of genus and subgenus.
*species-group names, at the ranks of species and subspecies.

Within each group, the same authorship applies regardless of the taxon level to which the name (with, in the case of a family-group name, the appropriate ending) is applied. For example, the taxa that the Red admiral butterfly can be assigned to:
*Family: "Nymphalidae" Swainson, 1827 so also
** subfamily: "Nymphalinae" Swainson, 1827 and
** tribe "Nymphalini" Swainson, 1827
*Genus: "Vanessa" Fabricius, 1807
*Species: "Vanessa atalanta" (Linnaeus, 1758)

The parentheses around the author citation indicate that this is not the original taxonomic placement: in this case, Linnaeus published the name as :"Papilio atalanta" Linnaeus, 1758.

Author names

In citing the name of an author, the surname is given in full, not abbreviated, with no mention of the first name(s). If the same surname is common to more than one author, initials are given. The date of (first) publication is added, with a comma between the author and date. For example:
* "Balaena mysticetus" Linnaeus, 1758:the Bowhead Whale was described and named by Linnaeus in his "Systema Naturae" of 1758
* "Anser albifrons" (Scopoli, 1769): the White-fronted Goose was first described (by Giovanni Antonio Scopoli), as "Branta albifrons" Scopoli, 1769. It was later moved to the genus "Anser": the taxonomist taking the decision to effect the move is not cited.

Full citation should be restricted to taxonomic publications: a full citation of this last species is :"Branta albifrons" Scopoli, 1769, Annus I Hist.-Nat. 69.

See also

* author citation (botany)

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