War Memorial Opera House (San Francisco)

War Memorial Opera House (San Francisco)

The War Memorial Opera House in San Francisco, California is located on the western side of Van Ness Avenue across from the rear facade of City Hall. It is part of the San Francisco War Memorial and Performing Arts Center.

The house has 3,146 seats plus 200 standing room places.

It has been the home of the San Francisco Opera since opening night in 1932.

The San Francisco Symphony performed most of its concerts in the house, from 1932 to 1980. RCA Victor recorded the orchestra here, under the direction of Pierre Monteux, from 1941 to 1952. In later years the orchestra used a special acoustical shell that was placed around the musicians, greatly enhancing acoustics for concerts. The orchestra's final concert in the house was an all-Beethoven concert, conducted by Leonard Slatkin, in June 1980.

In spring of 1945, the United Nations had its first conference there. The UN Charter was later drafted and signed in the Herbst Theatre next door. Six years later in 1951, the Treaty of San Francisco was drafted and signed here and in the Herbst Theatre.

In 1927, $4 million in municipal bonds were issued to finance the design and construction of the first municipally-owned opera house in the United States. The architects of the building complex were Arthur Brown Jr., who had helped design City Hall in 1916, and G. Albert Lansburgh, a theater designer responsible for San Francisco's Orpheum and the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles.

Completed in 1932, it is one of the last Beaux-Arts structures erected in the United States and employs the classic Roman Doric order in a reserved and sober form appropriate to its function commemorating all those who served in World War I. A colonnade of paired columns screens colossal arch-headed windows above a severe rusticated basement, a scheme that owes something to Claude Perrault's severe East front of the Louvre.

The interior is far more festive, with a grand entrance hall with a high barrel vaulted and coffered ceiling parallel to the street, with overlooks from staircase landings at each end. The theater space is dominated by a massive aluminum and glass panel chandelier under a blue vault, and the proscenium arch is decorated with gilded figurative sculpture.

During the years of Kurt Herbert Adler's general directorship, the inadequacies of the house became apparent as the season was expanded. In particular, there was a lack of office space and rehearsal space. In 1979 the backstage area was extended, followed in 1981 by the opening of a new wing built onto the house on the Franklin Street side. This gave spaces for sets, coaches, and dancers as well as more administrative space. At the same time, the nearby Zellerbach Rehearsal Hall, with a stage the same size as that of the Opera House, was opened as part of the complex which included the Louise M. Davies Symphony Hall.

In 1989, the powerful Loma Prieta earthquake that shook the Bay Area caused major damage to the Opera House. The architectural firm of Skidmore, Owings & Merrill and the theatrical consulting firm of Auerbach and Associates were retained in 1992 to oversee the building's technical renovation and a seismic retrofit. At this time additional private donations were raised for extensive technical improvements. These include:
*State of the art lighting system - which at the time, made it one of the most extensive and sophisticated systems in the world
*Replacement of chambers for a never-installed organ with modern restrooms, sorely needed since the original construction. The organ is not needed with the completion of the nearby Davies Symphony Hall.
*An extension behind the main stage for assembly and storage of sets, which allow a three opera cycle to be performed on successive nights.

ee also

*List of concert halls

External links

* [http://sfwmpac.org/ San Francisco War Memorial and Performing Arts Center]
* [http://sfwmpac.org/gallery/gallery.html#wmoh Opera House photos]
* [http://www.auerbachconsultants.com/html/tpr02.html "Restoring a Beaux-Arts beauty"]

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать курсовую

Look at other dictionaries:

  • San Francisco War Memorial Opera House — 37° 46′ 43″ N 122° 25′ 15″ W / 37.7786, 122.4208 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Ópera de San Francisco — Vestíbulo del War Memorial Opera House …   Wikipedia Español

  • Opéra de San Francisco — San Francisco Opera Le San Francisco War Memorial Opera House Le San Francisco Opera est l opéra de la ville de San Francisco, aux États Unis. C est le plus important opéra des États Unis, après le Metropolitan Opera de New York. Il a été fondé… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • San Francisco Ballet — SF Ballet program book, April 2006 The San Francisco Ballet (SFB) is a ballet company, founded in 1933 as the San Francisco Opera Ballet. The company is currently based in the War Memorial Opera House, San Francisco, under the direction of Helgi… …   Wikipedia

  • San Francisco Opera — (SFO) is the second largest opera company in North America. It was founded in 1923 by Gaetano Merola (1881 1953). The Opening Night Gala of the San Francisco Opera is widely considered to be one of the most memorable events of the year for opera… …   Wikipedia

  • San Francisco City Hall — General information Type Government offices Location 1 Dr. Carlton B. Goodlett Place …   Wikipedia

  • Culture of San Francisco — A San Francisco cable car The culture of San Francisco is major and diverse in terms of arts, music, festivals, museums, and architecture. San Francisco s diversity of cultures along with its eccentricities are so great that they have greatly… …   Wikipedia

  • San Francisco County — San Francisco Spitzname: Frisco, San Fran San Francisco mit Golden Gate Bridge im Vordergrund …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • San francisco — Spitzname: Frisco, San Fran San Francisco mit Golden Gate Bridge im Vordergrund …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • San francisco war memorial and performing arts center — Le San Francisco War Memorial and Performing Arts Center est un centre des arts scéniques composé de plusieurs théâtres situés à San Francisco, aux États Unis. Destiné principalement à la danse, l opéra et la musique classique, il abrite parfois… …   Wikipédia en Français

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”