Whittingehame is a parish with a small village in East Lothian, Scotland, about halfway between Haddington and Dunbar, and near East Linton. The area is on the slopes of the Lammermuir Hills. The old castle, or Tower house of Whittingehame, circa 15th century, is a grand specimen of an old and massive baronial building and remains a residence.


The barony was anciently the possession of the Dunbar Earls of March family, and Chalmers' "Caledonia" records that they held their baronial court there. In 1372 George de Dunbar, 10th Earl of March, gave in marriage with his sister Agnes to James Douglas of Dalkeith, the manor of Whittingehame, with the patronage of the Chapel. The Douglases remained in possession for over 200 years: about 1537 Elizabeth (d. after August 1557), daughter of Sir Robert Lauder of The Bass (d. 1517/18), married William Douglas of Whittingehame, and in October 1564 Mary Queen of Scots confirmed to their son, William Douglas of Whittinghame (d. 17 December 1595), a Senator of the College of Justice, the barony of Whittingham, the castle, mills, and the avowson of the Church there, ratified by parliament on 19 April 1567. This William Douglas had married in 1566 Elizabeth (d. after 6 August 1608), daughter of Sir Richard Maitland of Lethington, a Senator of the College of Justice.

Darnley and Riccio

It is said that the plot to murder Mary's husband, Lord Darnley, was discussed at length at Whittingehame castle in 1566, and in March of that year "William Douglas of Whittingehame, brother to Master Archibald Douglas parson of Douglas", is cited as one of those in the conspiracy to murder David Riccio. On 26 August 1582 William Douglas of Whittingehame is cited as one of the Ruthven raiders.

On 28 December 1630, Sir Archibald Douglas, 5th of Whittingehame, son and heir of the previous couple, was a witness to the baptism of Archibald Sydserf at Whittingehame Church, but by 1640 Sir Archibald was dead with no issue. Whittingehame passed to his brother Sir William Douglas of Stoneypath, near Garvald, whose daughter Isobel married, in 1628, Sir Arthur Douglas of the Kellour family, and their daughter Elizabeth (1632-1668) married, in 1652, Alexander Seton, 1st Viscount of Kingston and carried Whittingehame to him (Elizabeth's brother Archibald having died unmarried). Their youngest daughter Elizabeth, carried Whittingehame to her husband William Hay of Duns and Drumelzier, Peebleshire, upon their marriage in 1695. The Hays, as proprietors, were highly esteemed by their tenants.

In 1817 they sold Whittingehame and Stoneypath, near Garvald, to James Balfour, second son of John Balfour of Balbirnie in Fife, who had made a large fortune in India. James Balfour subsequently enlarged his estate by buying up a great many adjoining properties. By 1900 there were about 25 farms on the Whittingehame estate. The coal mines on their Fife lands greatly increased their prosperity throughout the 19th century.

Whittingehame House

James Balfour engaged James Dorward, from Haddington, to build a new neo-classical mansion and offices to designs by Sir Robert Smirke, Whittingehame House, completed about 1817, with additions and alterations by architect William Burn ten years later. This became the family home of the Balfours and the birth-place of the Prime Minister Arthur Balfour and the scientist Francis Maitland Balfour. This building, a huge country house and A-listed, still stands, albeit now divided into private apartments. It is not open to the public. Having passed through various hands after the Balfours (at one time it was a private school - Holt School, but it closed and the property lay dormant.) there is still much of interest to see, including a spectacular ceiling to the dining room.

Church and hamlet

A parochial school, of which the laird was patron, was long established at Whittingehame, and in 1742 Mr James Hogg was appointed schoolmaster there, transferred from neighbouring Morham.

In 1820 James Balfour rebuilt the church, supplanting the previous rebuild of 1722, and then established, in 1840, a new model village to the north-west of the former medieaval settlement. It consist of a schoolhouse and a string of cottages, all in red standstone.


* "Privy Council Registers for Scotland", pages 436-437/507.
* "Reminiscence & Notices of Ten Parishes of the County of Haddington" by John Martine, edited by E J Wilson, Haddington, 1894, 'Whittinghame' pps: 38-57.
* "The Seven Ages of an East Lothian Parish - Whittingehame", by the Rev. Marshall B Lang, T.D., B.D., Minister of Whittingehame, with a Foreword by Lady Frances Balfour, Edinburgh, 1929.

ee also

* List of places in East Lothian

Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Поможем написать реферат

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Balfour (de Whittingehame), Arthur James, 1er conde — (25 jul. 1848, Whittinghame, East Lothian, Escocia–19 mar. 1930, Woking, Surrey, Inglaterra). Estadista británico. Sobrino del marqués de Salisbury, fue miembro del parlamento (1874–1911) y secretario para Irlanda (1887–91) en el gobierno de su… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • Balfour (of Whittingehame), Arthur James, 1st Earl — born July 25, 1848, Whittinghame, East Lothian, Scot. died March 19, 1930, Woking, Surrey, Eng. British statesman. The nephew of the marquess of Salisbury, Balfour served in Parliament (1874–1911) and in his uncle s government as secretary for… …   Universalium

  • William Douglas of Whittinghame — William Douglas of Whittingehame, (c. 1540 December 17, 1595) was a Senator of the College of Justice at Edinburgh, and a Royal conspirator.FamilyDalrymple appears to have his ancestry incorrect, as the Great Seal of Scotland (number 1995,… …   Wikipedia

  • Arthur Balfour — Infobox Officeholder honorific prefix = The Right Honourable name= The Earl of Balfour honorific suffix = KG, OM, PC imagesize = frameless order=Prime Minister of the United Kingdom term start =11 July 1902 term end =5 December 1905 monarch… …   Wikipedia

  • Alexander Seton, 1st Viscount of Kingston — Sir Alexander Seton, 1st Viscount of Kingston, (March 13, 1620 died October 21, 1691). A Cavalier, his was the first dignity Charles II conferred as King.FamilyAlexander was the son of George Seton, 3rd Earl of Winton (1584 1650) by Anne,… …   Wikipedia

  • Arthur Balfour — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Balfour (homonymie). Arthur Balfour …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Garvald, East Lothian — Garvald, is a village south of Haddington in East Lothian, Scotland. The combined parish of Garvald and Bara, borders Whittingehame to the East, Morham to the North, Yester to the West, and Lauder to the South. It is mainly an agricultural parish …   Wikipedia

  • Liste des châteaux d'East Lothian — Situation de l East Lothian au sein de l Écosse. Cette liste recense les principaux châteaux du council area d East Lothian en Écosse. Nom Type Date Condition …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Morham — Morham, East Lothian, sometimes spelt Moram, Morum, Morhame, etc., in old records, is the smallest (agricultural) parish in Scotland, sandwiched between five other parishes: Haddington, Garvald, Yester, Whittingehame, and Prestonkirk, in the… …   Wikipedia

  • Arthur Balfour, 1. Earl of Balfour — Arthur James Balfour, seit 1922 1. Earl of Balfour (* 25. Juli 1848 in Whittingehame, East Lothian, Großbritannien; † 19. März 1930 in Fisher s Hill nahe Woking, Surrey, Großbritannien) war ein britischer Politiker. Leben und Wirken …   Deutsch Wikipedia

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”