Polishing is the process of creating a smooth and shiny surface by using rubbing or a chemical action, leaving a surface with significant specular reflection and minimal diffuse reflection. Imagine the surface magnified thousands of times, it usually looks like mountains and valleys. By repeated abrasion, those mountains are worn down until they are flat or just small hills. The process of polishing starts with rough abrasives gradually moving to fine ones.

Also referred to as "polishing" is the application of a liquid that dries to a shiny finish, as in nail polish.

In metallography polishing is used to create a flat, defect-free surface for examination of a metal's microstructure under a microscope. Silicon based polishing pads or diamond solution can be used in the polishing process.

See also

* Burnish
* Chemical-mechanical planarization, in semiconductor fabrication
* Fabrication and testing (optical components)
* French polish
* Flame polishing
* Metal polishing or "Buffing"
* Sodablasting
* Nail polish
* Nail polish remover
* Shoe polish
* Tumble polishing
* Wood finishing

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Polishing — Pol ish*ing, a. & n. from {Polish}. [1913 Webster] {Polishing iron}, an iron burnisher; esp., a small smoothing iron used in laundries. {Polishing slate}. (a) A gray or yellow slate, found in Bohemia and Auvergne, and used for polishing glass,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Polishing — Polishing. См. Полирование. (Источник: «Металлы и сплавы. Справочник.» Под редакцией Ю.П. Солнцева; НПО Профессионал , НПО Мир и семья ; Санкт Петербург, 2003 г.) …   Словарь металлургических терминов

  • Polishing — Polish Pol ish, v. t. [imp. & p. p. {Polished}; p. pr. & vb. n. {Polishing}.] [F. polir, L. polire. Cf. {Polite}, { ish}] 1. To make smooth and glossy, usually by friction; to burnish; to overspread with luster; as, to polish glass, marble,… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • polishing — noun Polishing is used before these nouns: ↑cloth, ↑pad …   Collocations dictionary

  • polishing — poliravimas statusas T sritis radioelektronika atitikmenys: angl. burnishing; polishing vok. Läppen, n; Polieren, n rus. полирование, n; полировка, f pranc. polissage, m …   Radioelektronikos terminų žodynas

  • polishing — poliravimas statusas T sritis chemija apibrėžtis Medžiagos paviršiaus išlyginimas iki veidrodinio blizgesio. atitikmenys: angl. polishing rus. полирование …   Chemijos terminų aiškinamasis žodynas

  • polishing — See chemical brightening chemical polishing …   Dictionary of automotive terms

  • polishing — noun the work of making something smooth and shiny by rubbing or waxing it the shining of shoes provided a meager living every Sunday he gave his car a good polishing • Syn: ↑shining • Derivationally related forms: ↑polish, ↑shine (fo …   Useful english dictionary

  • polishing — 1. noun The action of the verb to polish. 2. adjective a) That makes shiny or smooth. b) That refines …   Wiktionary

  • polishing — In dentistry, the act or process of making a restoration smooth and glossy. * * * pol·ish·ing (polґish ing) creation of a smooth and glossy finish on a surface, as of a tooth or denture …   Medical dictionary

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