A buzzard is one of several large birds, but there are a number of meanings as detailed below.

In the Old World

Buzzard can mean:
* One of several medium-sized, wide-ranging raptors with a robust body and broad wings.

* In particular, those in the genus "Buteo". In the Old World, members of this genus are named as "buzzards", but "hawk" is more common in North America.
* Specifically, in Europe, the Common Buzzard, "Buteo buteo", where Buzzard is often used as a synonym.
* Any raptor which has the word "buzzard" as part of its name.

In the New World

Buzzard can mean:
* A vulture, particularly the American Black Vulture and Turkey Vulture, or as a general term for vultures.
* In parts of the United States where they are considered pest, particularly in rural areas, a derogatory term for certain birds of prey, such as the Chickenhawk (a common colloquial name referring to both the Red-tailed Hawk and the Cooper's Hawk), or the Duck hawk (known elsewhere as the Peregrine Falcon). In the U.S., the term "buzzard" is "never" used to refer to birds of prey, like hawks, eagles, falcons, and owls, outside of this context.
* Rarely, a derogatory term for any large bird that happens to be a scavenger, such as a raven or albatross (in other words, any large bird that is neither predatory nor flightless).

The Old World and New World uses are almost antonyms.

"Buteo" species

* Common Buzzard ("Buteo buteo")
* Red-tailed Hawk ("Buteo jamaicensis")
* Long-legged Buzzard ("Buteo rufinus")
* Rough-legged Buzzard ("Buteo lagopus")
* Ferruginous Hawk ("Buteo regalis")
* Red-shouldered Hawk ("Buteo lineatus")
* Broad-winged Hawk ("Buteo platypterus" )
* Swainson's Hawk ("Buteo swainsoni")
* Roadside Hawk ("Buteo magnirostris")
* Ridgway's Hawk ("Buteo ridgwayi")
* White-rumped Hawk ("Buteo leucorrhous")
* Short-tailed Hawk ("Buteo brachyurus")
* White-throated Hawk ("Buteo albigula")
* White-tailed Hawk ("Buteo albicaudatus")
* Galápagos Hawk ("Buteo galapagoensis")
* Red-backed Hawk ("Buteo polyosoma")
* Puna Hawk ("Buteo poecilochrous")
* Gray Hawk "Buteo nitidus"
* Zone-tailed Hawk ("Buteo albonotatus" )
* Hawaiian Hawk ("Buteo solitarius")
* Rufous-tailed Hawk ("Buteo ventralis")
* Mountain Buzzard ("Buteo oreophilus")
* Madagascar Buzzard ("Buteo brachypterus")
* Upland Buzzard ("Buteo hemilasius")
* Red-necked Buzzard ("Buteo auguralis")
* Augur Buzzard, "Buteo augur"
* Archer's Buzzard, "Buteo archeri"
* Jackal Buzzard ("Buteo rufofuscus")

Other species known as "buzzard"

* Long-tailed Honey-buzzard ("Henicopernis longicauda")
* Black Honey-buzzard ("Henicopernis infuscatus")
* Black-breasted Buzzard ("Hamirostra melanosternon")
* Lizard Buzzard ("Kaupifalco monogrammicus")
* Grasshopper Buzzard ("Butastur rufipennis")
* White-eyed Buzzard ("Butastur teesa")
* Rufous-winged Buzzard ("Butastur liventer")
* Grey-faced Buzzard ("Butastur indicus")
* Black-chested Buzzard-eagle ("Geranoaetus melanoleucus")
*The honey-buzzards, genus "Pernis", superficially resemble "Buteo" buzzards, hence the name, but are specialist feeders on wasp nests and larvae.
** European or Eurasian Honey Buzzard ("Pernis apivorus")
** Oriental Honey Buzzard ("Pernis ptilorhynchus")
** Barred Honey-buzzard ("Pernis celebensis")

External links

* [ Buzzard videos] on the Internet Bird Collection
* [ Pictures of Buteos, Buzzards and other hawk photos]

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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Buzzard — Buz zard (b[u^]z z[ e]rd), n.[O.E. busard, bosard, F. busard, fr. buse, L. buteo, a kind of falcon or hawk.] [1913 Webster] 1. (Zo[ o]l.) A bird of prey of the Hawk family, belonging to the genus {Buteo} and related genera. [1913 Webster] 2. (Zo[ …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Buzzard — (« busard » ou « buse » en anglais) est un gisement pétrolier en mer du Nord situé près des côtes écossaises (seulement 100 km au nord est d Aberdeen)[1]. Sa découverte en juin 2001 par la compagnie canadienne EnCana fut une… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • buzzard — c.1300, from O.Fr. buisart buzzard, harrier, inferior hawk, from buson, buison, from L. buteonem, acc. of buteo a kind of hawk, perhaps with art suffix for one that carries on some action or possesses some quality, with derogatory connotation… …   Etymology dictionary

  • BUZZARD — (Heb. הָיַא, ayyah), bird of prey of which different species are found in Israel. The long legged buzzard (Buteo ferox) feeds on birds, mammals, and insects. It can see very far and is apparently the ayyah referred to in Job 28:7 (AV: vulture ),… …   Encyclopedia of Judaism

  • Buzzard — Buz zard, a. Senseless; stupid. [R. & Obs.] Milton. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • buzzard — ► NOUN 1) a large bird of prey typically seen soaring in wide circles. 2) N. Amer. a vulture. ORIGIN Old French busard, from Latin buteo falcon …   English terms dictionary

  • buzzard — [buz′ərd] n. [ME busard < OFr busart < buson, buison (< L buteo, kind of hawk) + art, ARD] 1. any of various Old World hawks (esp. certain species of the genus Buteo) that are slow and heavy in flight ☆ 2. TURKEY VULTURE 3. a person… …   English World dictionary

  • buzzard — buzzard1 buzzardlike, adj. buzzardly, adj., adv. /buz euhrd/, n. 1. any of several broad winged, soaring hawks of the genus Buteo and allied genera, esp. B. buteo, of Europe. 2. any of several New World vultures of the family Cathartidae, esp.… …   Universalium

  • buzzard — /ˈbʌzəd / (say buzuhd) noun 1. → black breasted buzzard. 2. → red goshawk. 3. any of various more or less heavily built hawks of the genus Buteo and allied genera, as the common buzzard, B. buteo, a widespread Northern Hemisphere bird which… …  

  • buzzard —    In Britain this is a name for a hawk; in the USA it describes various large birds of prey, including the vulture. Applied to a person by an American speaker, ‘buzzard’ describes a rapacious and contemptible individual, though a passing… …   A dictionary of epithets and terms of address

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