- Saya Zawgyi
12 April 1907- 26 September 1990), born in Pyapon, Irrawaddy Division, real name U Thein Han, was a distinguished and leading Burmese poet, author, literary historian, critic, scholar and academic. He was one of the leaders of the "Hkitsan" (Testing the Age) movement in Burmese literature searching for a new style and content before the Second World Warcite book|author=Anna J. Allott Ed.|year=1988|title=Far Eastern Literatures in the 20th. Century - Burmese Litearture|publisher=Oldcastle Books|location=England|pages=2] , along with Theippan Maung Wa, Nwe Soe and Min Thu Wun. His first "hkitsan" poetry,"Padauk pan" ( Padaukflower), was published in "Hantha Kyemon" pamphlet.cite web|url=http://www.lib.washington.edu/asp/myanmar/Bio/Zawgyi.htm|title=Saya Zawgyi (U Thein Han: a biography)|accessdate=2006-08-22] His most memorable work was a play titled "Maha hsan gyinthu", an adaptation of Molière's " Le bourgeois gentilhomme", published in 1934. [cite web|url=http://www.uiowa.edu/~iwp/WRIT/documents/MAUNGSwanYiformattedOctober13.pdf|author=Maung Swan Yi|year=2002|title="Chewing the West": The Development of Modern Burmese Literature under the Influence of Western Literature|accessdate=2006-08-22] His most famous poem was "Beida lan" ("The Hyacinth's Way") that traces a journey through life's ups and downs, published in 1963.
Zawgyi was the eldest in a family of nine and educated at the Myoma National High School in
Rangoon. He won the "Thitsawardi" Prize (5 gold sovereigns) from the "Thitsawardi" Newspaper for the poem "Sittathukha Linga", translated from the English poet Henry Wotton's "The Character of a Happy Life". He went on to the University of Rangoon, passed the intermediate level with credits in Burmese and won the "Tha Doe Aung" prize. After graduating with a B.A. in 1929, majoring in Burmese literature, English literature, Orientaland Far EastHistory, Zawgyi became a tutor in the Burmese Department at the university. In 1931, Zawgyi returned to the Myoma School to teach until 1934. After achieving the M.A degree from the Rangoon University in 1936, he became a tutor in Burmese at the MandalayIntermediate College until 1938 when he went to England to study at the University of Londonand then at the University of Dublinfor the Diploma in Library Science.cite web|url=http://www.myanmar.gov.mm/Perspective/persp1999/11-99/honour.htm|author=Dr. Khin Maung Nyunt|title=Honouring a National Literati|year=November 1999|publisher="Perspective"|accessdate=2006-08-22]
In 1941, Zawgyi became Librarian at the University of Rangoon. He married a teacher from the Myoma School, Daw Saw Yin (B.A., B.Ed.). During
World War IIZawgyi became Deputy Director General (Literature and Libraries Division) at the Ministry of Education. After the war he returned to his old job as Librarian at the University of Rangoon, then from 1947 to 1948 Special Officer for the Legislative Council and Elections Office. He was awarded the honour of "Wunna kyawhtin" for distinguished service by the government.
Between 1950 and 1952, Zawgyi travelled as part of a delegation to
Indonesia, Britain, United States, Mexicoand Canada. From 1951 to 1957 he was Director of the Textbooks Committee at the Ministry of Education. In 1955 Zawgyi won the "Sapei Beikman" "variety in literature" ("sa padetha") prize for "Thakin Kodaw Hmaing htika". He then became Chairman of the Burma History Commission in 1959. The year 1961 saw him as Emeritus Professor of Burmese at the University of Rangoon and was awarded the honour of "Thiri pyanchi" by the government. He was also President of the Technical Terms Committee and the National Literary Awards Selection Committee. He retired as Librarian of the Universities Central Library in 1967. He was then appointed First Special Officer for Education, President of the Burma Research Societyand Adviser for the Burma History Commission. In 1976 he visited Indiawith U Khin Zaw (the author and translator "K") where he read a paper on the Ramayana. [cite web|url=http://goldenlandpages.com/hotspots/rama/rama.htm|title=Ramayana in Myanmar's Heart|accessdate=2006-08-22] In 1979 Zawgyi won the National Award for Literature for "Nin-la-hè chit dukkha" ("Damn You, Broken Heart") and Other Short Stories", and in 1987, another for "Ancient Baganand Other Poems".
When Zawgyi died at the age of 83, on
26 September 1990, he left wife Daw Saw Yin and their three daughters, Dr. Khin Myo Han, Dr. Khin Hla Han and Dr. Khin Ohn Han. His family, students and colleagues created the "Zawgyi prize" and "Ganda Lawka Thingaha prize" for outstanding diploma students in Library and Information Studies and Masters students in Burmese. [cite news|url=http://www.myanmar.com/myanmartimes/MyanmarTimes13-255/n018.htm|author=Yin Min Tun|title=Library Course Student Sweeps Annual Prizes|publisher=" The Myanmar Times",vol.13,No.255,February 21-27,2005|accessdate=2006-08-22]
Zawgyi in Burmese myth and culture
* [http://www.yangonmetro.com/enchantingmyanmar/enchantingmyanmar3-2/magiciancave.htm Magician's Caves]
* [http://tuninst.net/Myanmar/Folk-elements/ch04/ch04-cult_alchemy.htm Folk Elements in Burmese Buddhism: The Cult of Alchemy]
* [http://vrcoll.fa.pitt.edu/uag/Past-Exhibitions/2004-Puppets-of-India/Yokethe-Thay-Alchemist.htm Zawgyi in Burmese Puppet Theatre]
* [http://www.lib.washington.edu/asp/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0004.pdf "Sittathukha linkar"] in Burmese, Zawgyi
* [http://www.bbc.co.uk/burmese/highlights/story/2006/01/060102_drama_mahasanchinthu.shtml "Maha Sanchinthu" radio drama] BBC Burmese, Retrieved 2006-10-17
* [http://www.lib.washington.edu/asp/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0005.pdf "Padauk pan"] in Burmese, Zawgyi, The University College Magazine, Rangoon, March 1928
* [http://www.lib.washington.edu/asp/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0007.pdf "Pahn pan lyet pè" (The Hyacinth's Way)] in Burmese, Zawgyi, The "Owei" University Magazine, 1960
* [http://www.lib.washington.edu/asp/myanmar/pdfs/ZG0017.pdf A Study of the Rise of the Burmese Novel] Zawgyi, Journal of the
Burma Research Society, June 1968
* [http://www.seasite.niu.edu/Burmese/literature/Short_Stories/wife/Wife.htm "His Spouse"] a short story by Zawgyi 1937 inc. audio
* [http://www.myanmar.gov.mm/Perspective/persp2004/3-2004/now.htm "Now as the Padauk" (For Zawgyi)] Win Pe
* [http://www.burmadebate.org/archives/winter00interview.html Interview and Poetry of U Tin Moe] "
Radio Free Asia", September 2000
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