Perino del Vaga

Perino del Vaga

Perino del Vaga or Perin del Vaga, nickname of Piero Buonaccorsi (1501 – October 14, 1547), was an Italian painter of the Late Renaissance/Mannerism.

Biography

He was born near Florence. His father ruined himself by gambling, and became a soldier in the invading army of Charles VIII. His mother died when he was but two months old; but shortly afterwards he was taken up by his father's second wife. Perino was first apprenticed to a druggist, but soon passed into the hands of a mediocre painter, Andrea da Ceri, and when eleven years of age, of Ridolfo Ghirlandaio.

Perino was one of Ghirlandaio's most talented pupils. Another mediocre painter, Vaga from Toscanella, undertook to settle the boy in Rome. Perino, when he at last reached Rome, was utterly poor, and with no clear prospect beyond journey-work for trading decorators. He was eventually entrusted with some of the subordinate work undertaken by Raphael in the Vatican. He assisted Giovanni da Udine in the stucco and arabesque decorations of the Loggie Vaticane, and executed some of those small but finely composed scriptural subjects which go by the name of Raphael's Bible, Raphael himself furnishing the designs.

Perino's examples are: "Abraham and Isaac", "Jacob wrestling with the Angel", "Joseph and his Brothers", the "Hebrews crossing the Jordan", "Fall and Capture of Jericho", "Joshua commanding Sun to stand still", "Birth of Christ", "Baptism and the Last Supper". Some of these are in bronze-tint, while others are in full color. He also painted, after Raphael's drawings, figures of the planets in the great hall of the Appartamenti Borgia. Perino was soon regarded as his major assistant, second only to Giulio Romano.

To Raphael himself he was always exceedingly attentive. His solo works in the city include the hall of Palazzo Baldassini (1520-1522), a noble building in the center of the city, and the "Pietà" in the church of Santo Stefano del Cacco.

After Raphael's death in 1520 and the plague of 1523, a troubled period ensued for Perino. He returned to Florence, and befriended Rosso Fiorentino and executed an admirable design of "10,000 Martyrs" (now lost).

Work in Genoa

In 1527 Andrea Doria invited Perin to Genova to decorate the Palace of Fassolo, where he also executed numerous altarpieces and designs for tapestries. Perino accepted an invitation to Genoa, to help design decorate the newly rebuilt Palazzo del Principe for Andrea Doria. Fresco decoration began in 1529, starting with a now destroyed Quos Egos from the Aeneid. rapidly founded a quasi-Roman school of art in the Ligurian city. He ornamented the palace in a style similar to that of Giulio Romano in the Mantuan Palazzo Te, and frescoed historical and mythological subjects in the apartments, fanciful and graceful arabesque work with sculptural and architectural details. Among the principal works are: the "War between the Gods and Giants", "Horatius Codes defending the Bridge", and the "Fortitude of Mutius Scaevola". The most important work of all, the "Shipwreck of Acneas", is no longer extant. From Genoa Perino twice visited Pisa, and began some painting in the cathedral.

A year later he returned to Rome and frescoed the Pucci Chapel in the Trinità dei Monti. Pope Paul III granted him a regular salary. He retouched many works of Raphael. He painted the decoration for the Paoline Chapel and other halls of Castel Sant'Angelo, some frescoes in the church of San Marcello, a monochrome in the Stanza della Segnatura in the Vatican and a cartoon of the Sistine Chapel.

Perino was engaged in the general decoration of the Sala Reale, begun by Paul III when he died on October 19, 1547, in Rome. He is buried in the Pantheon. His work in the Castel Sant'Angelo was continued by his student Pellegrino Tibaldi.

Assessment and legacy

Del Vaga's style was renowned for his vitality and elegance. His paintings are considered important in the mediation between the Roman Raphaelesque tradition and the first Florentine Mannerism. He combined the manners of Raphael and Andrea del Sarto. Many of his works were engraved, even in his own lifetime. Daniele da Volterra, Girolamo Siciolante da Sermoneta, Luzio Romano and Marcello Venusti (also known as "il Mantovano") were among his principal assistants.

References

*1911|article=Perino Del Vaga|url=http://www.1911encyclopedia.org/Perino_Del_Vaga
*cite book | first= Sydney J.| last= Freedberg| year=1993| title= Painting in Italy, 1500-1600| chapter= | editor= Pelican History of Art| others= | pages= p 254-259| publisher=Penguin Books


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Look at other dictionaries:

  • Perino del Vaga — Perino del Vaga, eigentlich Pietro Buonaccorsi, (* 1501 in Florenz; † 1547 in Rom) war ein italienischer Maler und Stuckateur der Renaissance. Er erhielt nach seinem Lehrer, dem Florentiner Maler Vaga, den Namen Vaga. In Rom wurde er Raffaels… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Perino del Vaga — Perin del Vaga Madone, vers 1535, Rome, Palazzo Montecitorio Piero di Giovanni Bonaccorsi, dit Perino del Vaga ou Perin del Vaga (Florence, 23 juin 1501 – Rome, 19 octobre 1547), est un artiste peintre italien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Perino del Vaga —    see Buonacorsi, Pietro …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Vaga, Perino del — (c. 1500 1547)    Perino del Vaga was among those responsible for establishing the Mannerist style in Rome where he worked for a while as one of Raphael s assistants. He was originally from Florence, where he studied with Andrea de Ceri and later …   Dictionary of Renaissance art

  • Perin del vaga — Madone, vers 1535, Rome, Palazzo Montecitorio Piero di Giovanni Bonaccorsi, dit Perino del Vaga ou Perin del Vaga (Florence, 23 juin 1501 – Rome, 19 octobre 1547), est un artiste peintre italien …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Perin del Vaga — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Bonaccorsi. Madone, vers 1535, Rome, Palazzo Montecitorio Piero di Giovanni Bonaccorsi, dit Perino del Vaga ou Per …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Vaga — Vaga, Perino del, eigentlich Pietro Buonaccorsi, ital. Maler, geb. 1500 in Florenz, gest. 1547 in Rom, erhielt nach seinem Lehrer, dem Florentiner Maler Vaga, den Namen V. In Rom wurde er Raffaels Schüler und führte nach dessen Zeichnungen mit… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Vaga —   [v ], Pierin (Perino) del, eigentlich Pietro Buonaccọrsi, italienischer Maler und Zeichner, * Florenz 28. 6. 1501, ✝ Rom 19. 10. 1547; wurde 1517/18 Mitarbeiter von Giovanni da Udine, verband Einflüsse von Raffael und Michelangelo. Vaga malte… …   Universal-Lexikon

  • Vaga [2] — Vaga, Perino del V., s. Buonaccorsi 2) …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Vaga — Vaga, Perino del, eigentlich Buonaccorsi, ital. Maler, geb. 1500 in Florenz, Schüler Raffaels, gest. 1547 zu Rom; mythol. histor. Fresken im Palazzo Doria zu Genua …   Kleines Konversations-Lexikon

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