Sir Everard Home, 1st Baronet

Sir Everard Home, 1st Baronet

Sir Everard Home, 1st Baronet FRS (b. Hull, May 6 1756; d. August 31 1832 in London) was a British physician.

Home was educated at Westminster School; Trinity College, Cambridge; St. George's Hospital; and Surgeons' Hall. At St George's Hospital, he was a pupil of his brother-in-law, John Hunter. He assisted Hunter in many of his anatomical investigations, and in the autumn of 1776 he partly described Hunter's collection. There is also considerable evidence that Home plagiarized the work of John Hunter sometimes directly, sometimes indirectly, he also systematically destroyed his brother in-law's papers in order to hide the evidence. Having qualified at Surgeons' Hall in 1778, he was appointed assistant surgeon at the naval hospital, Plymouth. Home was the first to describe the fossil creature (later 'Ichthyosaur') discovered by Joseph Anning and Mary Anning in 1812. Following John Hunter he initially suggested it had affinities with fish. He also did some of the earliest studies on the anatomy of platypus and noted that it was not vivaparous, he theorized it was instead ovoviparous. [Platypus by Ann Moyal, pages 12 and 13]

He published prolifically on human and animal anatomy, and gave the Croonian Lecture to the Royal Society many times between 1793 and 1829. In 1813 he became a Baronet of Well Manor in the County of Southampton.


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