Eryngium yuccifolium

Eryngium yuccifolium

Taxobox
name = "Eryngium yuccifolium"



image_width = 240px
regnum = Plantae
divisio = Magnoliophyta
classis = Magnoliopsida
ordo = Apiales
familia = Apiaceae
genus = "Eryngium"
species = "E. yuccifolium"
binomial = "Eryngium yuccifolium"
binomial_authority = Michx.

"Eryngium yuccifolium" (Button snake-root, Rattlesnake Master) is a common herbaceous perennial plant, native to the tallgrass prairies of central and eastern North America, from Minnesota east to Ohio and south to Texas and Florida. In the Chicago Region this species has a coefficient of conservatism of 9. It grows to 1.8 m tall, with linear leaves 15-100 cm long but only 1-3 cm broad, with bristly or spiny margins and a sharp tip. The flowers are produced in dense apical umbels 1-3 cm diameter, each flower greenish-white or bluish-white, 3-4 mm diameter. When this plant flowers, pollen matures before stigmas become receptive to maximize outcrossing. Rattlesnake master has unusually high seed set (close to 90%).

It gets its name because some Native Americans used its root as an antidote for rattlesnake venom. The scientific name was given because its leaves resemble those of yuccas.

References

*

* Melano Flores, Brenda. 2001. Reproductive Biology of "Eryngium yuccifolium" (Apiaceae), a prairie species. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society 128:1-6

* Swink, Floyd and Gerould Wilhelm. Plants of the Chicago Region. Indiana Academy of Science. 1994.

External links

* [http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?102098 Germplasm Resources Information Network: "Eryngium yuccifolium"]


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  • Eryngium yuccifolium — ID 32905 Symbol Key ERYU Common Name button eryngo Family Apiaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, AR, CT, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NJ, OH …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Eryngium yuccifolium — noun coarse prickly perennial eryngo of United States thought to cure rattlesnake bite • Syn: ↑rattlesnake master, ↑rattlesnake s master, ↑button snakeroot • Hypernyms: ↑perennial • Member Holonyms: ↑Eryngium, ↑ …   Useful english dictionary

  • Eryngium yuccifolium var. yuccifolium — ID 32908 Symbol Key ERYUY Common Name button eryngo Family Apiaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, AR, CT, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MD, MI, MN, MO, MS, NC, NE, NJ, OH …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Eryngium yuccifolium var. synchaetum — ID 32906 Symbol Key ERYUS Common Name button eryngo Family Apiaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity Native to U.S. US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution AL, AR, FL, GA, LA, MS, NC, OK, SC, TX Growth Habit Forb/herb …   USDA Plant Characteristics

  • Eryngium yuccifolium Michx. var. yuccifolium — Symbol ERYUY Common Name button eryngo Botanical Family Apiaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Eryngium yuccifolium Michx. — Symbol ERYU Common Name button eryngo Botanical Family Apiaceae …   Scientific plant list

  • Eryngium yuccifolium Michx. var. synchaetum A. Gray ex J.M. Coult. & Rose — Symbol ERYUS Common Name button eryngo Botanical Family Apiaceae …   Scientific plant list

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