- Hjalmar Andersen
Hjalmar Andersen was born on
Rødøy, an island off the coast of Nordlandin Norway. He grew up in Lademoen, a part of Trondheimwhere mostly workers lived, and where sport and friendship was an important part of life. He made his international debut at the 1948 Winter Olympic Games of St. Moritz, Switzerland. He won the qualifying race for 1,500 m, but he was still not selected for the Norwegian team for this distance. He was selected for the 10,000 m team, but because of the terrible ice conditions he did not finish the race.
Andersen was the best skater of the world in the period of 1950 to 1952. In each of those three years, he became World Allround Champion, making him one of only four male skaters to have won this title in three consecutive years – the other three being
Oscar Mathisen(1912-1914), Ard Schenk(1970-1972), and Eric Heiden(1977-1979). In those same years, 1950-1952, he was also European Allround Champion and Norwegian Allround Champion, thus winning the "triple" (World, European, and National Allround Championships) for three consecutive years. In addition, he also set three world records in those three years, as well as winning three gold medals (on the 1,500 m, the 5,000 m, and the 10,000 m) at the 1952 Winter Olympics of Oslo.
Andersen quit skating after the 1952 Winter Olympics, but he was talked into giving it a new try in 1954. He became Norwegian Champion for the fourth time and won both the 5,000 m and 10,000 m at the European Championships in
Davos, Switzerlandthat year, winning silver in the overall standings. He qualified for the 1956 Olympics and earned a sixth place on the 10,000 m.
During his career he set four
world records. His 10,000 m world record in 1949 (16:57.4) was the first official world record below 17 minutes on the distance. As it was skated outside of Norway it did not count as a Norwegian national record, of which Andersen set eight during his skating career. Andersen represented "Sportsklubben Falken" (Sports Club Falcon) in Trondheim.
Andersen was also a great cyclist on a national level, and he was awarded the
Egebergs Æresprisin 1951 for his achievements in speed skating and cycling.
An overview of medals won by Andersen at important championships he participated in, listing the years in which he won each:
Note that in the days Hjalmar skated a Norwegian record could only be skated in Norway itself, so his Davos world record could not become a Norwegian record as well.
To put these personal records in perspective, the "WR" column lists the official world records on the dates that Andersen skated his personal records.
Andersen had a final
Adelskalenderscore of 187.446 points. He held first place on the Adelskalender for 708 days between 1952 and 1954.
date 500 m 1500 m 5000 m 10.000 m points 24-01-1952 42,2 2.17,4 8.03,7 17.08,8 187,810 (
Nikolaj Mamonov) 10-02-1952 43,7 2.16,4 8.07,3 16.32,6 187,526 18-01-1954 42,2 2.17,4 8.03,7 16.52,2 186,980 ( Nikolaj Mamonov)
* Eng, Trond. "All Time International Championships, Complete results 1889 - 2002". Askim, Norway: WSSSA Skøytenytt, 2002.
* Eng, Trond and Teigen, Magne. "Norske Mesterskap på Skøyter, 1894 - 2005". Askim/Veggli, Norway: WSSSA-Norge, 2005.
* Eng, Trond; Gjerde, Arild; Teigen, Magne and Petersen, Preben Gorud. "Norsk Skøytestatistikk Gjennom Tidene 1999". Askim/Skedsmokorset/Veggli, Norway: WSSSA-Norge, 1999.
* Teigen, Magne. "Komplette Resultater Norske Mesterskap på Skøyter, 1887 - 1989". Veggli, Norway: WSSSA-Norge, 1989.
* [http://www.skateresults.com/skater/show/12 Hjalmar Anderson at SkateResults.com]
* [http://www.desg.de/skater.php?anzeige=skater&skater=3722 Hjalmar Anderson] . "Deutsche Eisschnelllauf Gemeinschaft e.V." (German Skating Association).
* [http://web.telia.com/~u46130641/adel.htm Evert Stenlund's Adelskalender pages]
* [http://www.isu.org/vsite/vfile/page/fileurl/0,11040,4844-181536-198754-94643-0-file,00.pdf Historical World Records] . "International Skating Union".
* [http://www.skoyteforbundet.no/filarkiv/statistikk/nm_medaljer.pdf National Championships results] . "Norges Skøyteforbund" (Norwegian Skating Association).
* [http://www.skoyteforbundet.no/filarkiv/statistikk/nrek_sen_utv_2007.pdf Development of Norwegian records 1880-2007] . "Norges Skøyteforbund" (Norwegian Skating Association).
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