John Goodyer

John Goodyer

John Goodyer (1592 – 1664), was a 17th century botanist, who lived in Hampshire, England. He was born in Alton, and evidently received a good education, although it is not known where. He worked as estate manager to Sir Thomas Bilson, of West Mapledurham House (demolished 1829), near Buriton, and also as agent for his father the Bishop of Winchester, Thomas Bilson, and Lancelot Andrewes. [] Goodyer resided in the village of Droxford until his marriage in 1632, when he moved to Petersfield, where his house on The Spain still stands. Goodyer developed a great interest in botany, and added many plants to the British flora. He is credited with clarifying the identities of the British elms (see "Ulmus minor" var. "plotii", variously known as Plot's Elm, Goodyer's Elm or Lock Elm), and gained the reputation of being "the ablest Herbalist now living in England". He is also believed to have introduced the Jerusalem Artichoke to English cuisine, but perhaps his most enduring legacy was his revision, with Thomas Johnson, of Gerard's Herbal, the greatest herbal of its time. He also translated a Latin version of Dioscorides's work, 'De Materia Medica' (Pavord, 2005). Indeed, Goodyer's reputation was such that, in 1643 during the English Civil War, Ralph Hopton, one of the senior Royalist commanders, ordered troops "to defend and protect John Goodyer, his house, family, servants and estates".

Goodyer lies in an unmarked grave near his wife's at St Mary’s church, Buriton, where a stained glass window can be found as a memorial to him, showing the Goodyer coat of arms. With no children to succeed him, the majority of his estate passed to his nephew, the Reverend Edmund Yalden, but proceeds from the residue were used to establish the John Goodyer Charity to help the poor of Weston, a hamlet near Buriton; the charity still exists today. His works and books are now stored at Magdalen College, Oxford University, and in recognition of his industry, "Goodyera", a genus of small terrestrial orchids, has been named for him.


*Buriton Heritage Bank (2001). "Information Sheet No. 5: Local luminaries - famous people from the area" []
*Hoeniger, F.D. & J.F.M. (1969). "Growth of Natural History in Stuart England: From Gerard to the Royal Society". Associated University Presses. ISBN 0-918-01614-2
*Pavord, Anna. (2005). "The Naming of Names: The Search for Order in the World of Plants". Bloomsbury. ISBN 0-747-57052-0


Wikimedia Foundation. 2010.

Игры ⚽ Нужна курсовая?

Look at other dictionaries:

  • John Goodyer — Nacimiento 1592 Fallecimiento 1664 Nacionalidad inglés Campo botánico John Goodyer (1592–1664 ), fue un botánico …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Goodyer — (* 1592 in Alton, Hampshire; † 1664) war ein englischer Botaniker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk 3 Ehrungen 4 Quellen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Goodyer — est un botaniste britannique, né en 1592 à Alton dans le comté du Hampshire, et mort en 1664. On ignore comment il fit ses études. Il vécut à Petersfield (Hampshire) dans une maison qui existe toujours. Sa réputation est si grande qu’en 1643,… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Goodyer — John Goodyer (* 1592 in Alton, Hampshire; † 1664) war ein englischer Botaniker. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Werk 3 Ehrungen 4 Quellen …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • John Wray — John Ray Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ray (homonymie). John Ray …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Gerard — Nacimiento 1545 Nantwich Fallecimiento fe …   Wikipedia Español

  • John Parkinson (botanist) — Infobox Scientist name = John Parkinson image width = caption = An engraving of Parkinson from his monumental work Theatrum Botanicum (1640), reprinted in Agnes Arber s Herbals (1912). birth date = 1567 birth place = death date = Summer Death… …   Wikipedia

  • John Ray — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Ray (homonymie). John Ray John Ray, né le 29 novembre 1627 dans le village de Black …   Wikipédia en Français

  • John Gerard — See also John Gerard, S.J.John Gerard (Nantwich, 1545 ndash; February, 1611/12 in London [ 9036536] ) was an English herbalist famous for his herbal garden. After being educated in Willaston near Nantwich he… …   Wikipedia

  • Goodyer — This interesting surname, with variant spellings Goodyer, Goodier, Goudier, Goodger and Gudger derives from the Medieval English phrase goodyeare, goodier, goodere and goodye(e)re, a term meaning good year , an expletive used in questions, what… …   Surnames reference

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”